1st infantry division ww2 order of battle -Weapons Platoon
HHC - CN - AT - SV - Med - 1st BN HHC - Co A - Co B - Co C - Co D - 2nd BN HHC - Co E - Co F - Co G - Co H - 3rd BN HHC - Co I - Co K - Co L - Co M
Other: A&P Platoon Hqs/1stBN
HHC - CN - AT - SV - Med - 1st BN HHC - Co A - Co B - Co C - Co D - 2nd BN HHC - Co E - Co F - Co G - Co H - 3rd BN HHC - Co I - Co K - Co L - Co M
270th Engineer Combat Battalion
HHC - Co. A - Co. B - Co. C
70th Recon Troop
HQ Family Trees & Communities
70th Inf. Div. Unit Rosters
In an attempt to get as complete a listing of soldiers who served with the 70th, I am attempting to establish unit rosters. This listing will be continually updated as new information comes to light. Most of these files are in PDF format and require a PDF reader. Adobe has a free reader available at their site.
Passenger Lists -- 9 Oct 1945 Queen Elizabeth.
Port of Debarkation: New York.
Listing of available 70th Infantry Division soldiers by unit. Source: Ancenstry.com and National Archives
Headquarters, 70th Infantry Division
Headquarters Detachment 70th
Headquarters Transportation Platoon 70th
Headquarters Defense Platoon 70th
Headquarters Special Platoon 70th
Headquarters Special Troops 70th
70th MP Platoon
70th MP Platoon - includes Headquarters, Traffic Section and Police Section
274th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 274th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters Company 274th Infantry Regiment
Communications Platoon 274th Infantry Regiment
Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon 274th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters Service Company 274th Infantry Regiment
Service Co. Transportation Platoon 274th Infantry Regiment
Service Co. HQ. Platoon 274th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters Cannon Company 274th Infantry Regiment
1st Platoon Cannon Company 274th Infantry Regiment
2nd Platoon Cannon Company 274th Infantry Regiment
3rd Platoon Cannon Company 274th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters Medics 274th Infantry Regiment
Medics 1st Battalion Section 274th Infantry Regiment
Medics 2nd Battalion Section 274th Infantry Regiment
Medics 3rd Battalion Section 274th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters AT Company 274th Infantry Regiment
1st Platoon AT CO. 274th Infantry Regiment
2nd Platoon AT CO. 274th Infantry Regiment
3rd Platoon AT CO. 274th Infantry Regiment
4th Platoon AT CO. 274th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
HQ Platoon 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
HQ A and P Platoon 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
HQ A/T Platoon 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
HQ Communication Platoon 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
A Company 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
B Company 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
C Company 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
D Company 1st Battalion 274th Infantry Regiment
2BN Headquarters 274th Infantry Regiment
2BN Headquarters Section 274th Infantry Regiment
2BN Headquarters Communications Section 274th Infantry Regiment
2BN Headquarters Anti-Tank Platoon 274th Infantry Regiment
2BN Headquarters Ammunition and Pioneer Platoon 274th Infantry Regiment
E Company 274th Infantry Regiment
F Company 274th Infantry Regiment
G Company 274th Infantry Regiment
H Company 274th Infantry Regiment
3BN Headquarters 274th Infantry Regiment
3BN Headquarters Section 274th Infantry Regiment
3BN Headquarters Communications Section 274th Infantry Regiment
3BN Headquarters Anti-Tank Platoon 274th Infantry Regiment
3BN Headquarters Ammunition and Pioneer Platoon 274th Infantry Regiment
I Company 274th Infantry Regiment
K Company 274th Infantry Regiment
L Company 274th Infantry Regiment
M Company 274th Infantry Regiment
275th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 275th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters Company 275th Infantry Regiment
Communications Platoon 275th Infantry Regiment
Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon 275th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters Service Company 275th Infantry Regiment
Service Co. Transportation Platoon 275th Infantry Regiment
Service Co. HQ. Platoon 275th Infantry Regiment
AT Company 275th Infantry Regiment
Cannon Company 275th Infantry Regiment
Medics 275th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 1st Battalion 275th Infantry Regiment
HQ Platoon 1st Battalion 275th Infantry Regiment
HQ A and P Platoon 1st Battalion 275th Infantry Regiment
HQ A/T Platoon 1st Battalion 275th Infantry Regiment
HQ Communication Platoon 1st Battalion 275th Infantry Regiment
A Company 275th Infantry Regiment
B Company 275th Infantry Regiment
C Company 275th Infantry Regiment
D Company 275th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 2nd Battalion 275th Infantry Regiment
Includes Headquarters, Company Headquarters, Communication Platoon, A/T Platoon, and A and P Platoon
E Company 275th Infantry Regiment
F Company 275th Infantry Regiment
G Company 275th Infantry Regiment
H Company 275th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 3rd Battalion 275th Infantry Regiment
Includes Headquarters, Company Headquarters, Communication Platoon, A and P Platoon, and A/T Platoon
I Company 275th Infantry Regiment
K Company 275th Infantry Regiment
L Company 275th Infantry Regiment
M Company 275th Infantry Regiment
276th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 276th Infantry Regiment
(Includes Headquarters, Headquarters Company, Comm Platoon, I and R Platoon, Guide and Guard Platoon and Medical Detachment)
Anti-Tank Company 276th Infantry Regiment
Cannon Company 276th Infantry Regiment
Service Company 276th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 1st Battalion 276th Infantry Regiment
(Includes Headquarters, Company Headquarters, Communication Platoon, A/P Platoon, A/T Platoon, and Med Detachment)
A Company 276th Infantry Regiment
B Company 276th Infantry Regiment
C Company 276th Infantry Regiment
D Company 276th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 2nd Battalion 276th Infantry Regiment
(Includes Headquarters, Company Headquarters, Communication Platoon, A/P Platoon, A/T Platoon, and Med Detachment)
E Company 276th Infantry Regiment
F Company 276th Infantry Regiment
G Company 276th Infantry Regiment
H Company 276th Infantry Regiment
Headquarters 3rd Battalion 276th Infantry Regiment
(Includes Battalion and Company Headquarters, Communication Platoon, A/P Platoon, and A/T Platoon)
I Company 276th Infantry Regiment
K Company 276th Infantry Regiment Note: Page 1 of 2nd platoon roster was missing from original.
L Company 276th Infantry Regiment
M Company 276th Infantry Regiment
70th Division Artillery (Divarty)
Headquarters, 70th Division Artillery (Includes Headquarters, Battery Headquarters, Operations Platoon, Communications Platoon, Instrument and Survey Platoon, Maintenance Platoon, Meteorologist Platoon, Anti-Tank Platoon, and Medical Detachment
HQS. 882nd Field Artillery Battalion (Includes Headquarters, Operations Section, Communications Section, Personnel Section, Maintenance Section, Medical Detachment)
Service Battery, 882nd FAB
HQS. 883rd Field Artillery Battalion (Includes Headquarters, Operations Section, Communications Section, Maintenance and Supply Section, Medical Detachment)
Service Battery, 883rd FAB - Original missing Hqs. section.
C Battery - Original missing page 1 of 1st platoon firing battery.
HQS. 884th Field Artillery Battalion (Includes Headquarters, Personnel Section, Battery HQS., Communications Section, Operations Section, Maintenance Section, and Medical Section)
Service Battery, 884th FAB
B Battery Page 2 of Battery Detail roster missing from original
HQS. 725th Field Artillery Battalion (Includes Headquarters, Personnel Section, Battery HQS., Operations Section, Communications Section, Maintenance Section, and Medical Section)
Service Battery, 725th FAB
C Battery - Maintenance Section roster missing from original
HQS. 370th Medical Battalion - Includes Headquarters Section, Personnel Section, General and Medical Supply Section, Motor Section, Detachment Headquarters Section
A Company, 370th
B Company, 370th
C Company, 370th - Section platoon roster missing from original
D Company, 370th
70th Reconnaissance Troop - Includes Headquarters and platoons
The following units were not available in the Queen Elizabeth Rosters: 70th CIC Detachment, 70th Quartermasters, 570th Signal Company, 770th Ordinance Company (Light), and the 270th Engineer Combat BattalionAvailable Rosters 1943 - September 1945
276th Trailblazers transferred to the 80th Infantry Division on December 30, 1944
Source: 80th Infantry Division, 317th Infantry Regiment Special Order 260
276th Trailblazers transferred to the 80th Infantry Division on December 29, 1944
Source: 80th Infantry Division, 318th Infantry Regiment Special Order 260
275th Trailblazers transferred to the 80th Infantry Division on December 30,1944
Source: 80th Infantry Division, 318th Infantry Regiment Special Order 260
Listing of officer and warrant officer personnel, by sections, as of 9 June 1945. Document sent by Tom Herren.
HHC - CN - AT - SV - Med - 1st BN HHC - Co A - Co B - Co C(Rev.) - Co D - 2nd BN HHC - Co E - Co F - Co G - Co H(Rev.) - 3rd BN HHC - Co I, July 1945, Sept. 1945 - Co K - (original that SRP roster is based on: K/274) - Co L - Co M - Unknown
Other: 3rd Platoon, I/274 (date unknown) (courtesy of Greg Munie)
Other: 3rd Platoon, partial Weapons Platoon - B/274 rosters (courtesy of Jennifer David)
Other: Dec 44 Roster of I/274 from POE Boston, MA. SS Mariposa: Company Headquarters
V-E Day 75: the Big Red One in World War II—10 Things You Might Not know
May 8, 2020—Seventy-five years ago today, Soldiers of the U.S. Army 1st Infantry Division learned that World War II had ended in Europe. A day prior, U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower had accepted the enemy’s unconditional surrender. The future President then issued a laconic message to his Combined Chiefs of Staff: “the mission of this allied force was fulfilled at 0241 local time, May 7, 1945.”
When America’s First Division received word in Czechoslovakia that the war in Europe was finally over, over 43,700 Big Red One Soldiers had served through 443 days of battle. The First Division earned eight campaign streamers, 20 distinguished unit citations, and 20,752 medals and awards, including 17 Medals of Honor.
The 1st Infantry Division’s story has been told in countless articles, books, and major motion pictures. Here are ten lesser known stories about the Big Red One in World War II.
1. Lt. Gen. Walter C. Short (1880-1949) commanded the Hawaiian Department on the morning of December 7th, 1941. Ten days later, both he and Admiral Husband E. Kimmel were relieved of their commands as a result of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Short's previous assignment was as commanding general of the 1st Division at Fort Hamilton, New York from 1938 to 1940. He had also served with the 16th Infantry in the Punitive Expedition of 1916 and on division staff during the First World War. Jason Robards depicts Short in the 1970 film, "Tora! Tora! Tora!"
2. As the Big Red One landed at Oran, Algeria on November 8th, 1942, it was uncertain whether or not Vichy French forces would resist. Unfortunately, the allies were obliged to secure a foothold by force from the French, costing hundreds of lives over the first few days of Operation Torch. The Vichy French defenders eventually capitulated and were soon rearmed to fight alongside allied forces advancing on Tunis. In the following months, the Big Red One saw action at Maktar, Medjez el Bab, Kasserine Pass, Gafsa, El Guettar, Beja, and Mateur. In early May of 1943, the remnants of Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel’s Afrika Korps surrendered to the allies, trapped between Lt. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's forces from the west and Field Marshall Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's Eighth Army penetration of the Mareth Line to the east.
3. Maj. Gen. Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr. (1888-1969) commanded the division during its first actions of the war. While beloved by his men, several senior officers distrusted Allen, partly stemming from the division's misconduct when it returned to Oran. After the Sicily campaign, Allen was relieved of his command and replaced by Maj. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner. Allen’s son, Lt. Col. Terry de la Mesa Allen Jr., was killed in October of 1967 while commanding the 2nd Battalion, 26th Infantry in Vietnam.
4. On July 10th, 1943, the Big Red One overcame moderate Italian resistance at Gela, Sicily in the first phase of Operation Husky. Following the disastrous jump by the 82d Airborne Division, the American beachhead was nearly thrust back into the Mediterranean by the Hermann Göring Panzer Division. U.S. naval gunfire successfully parried the enemy counterattack. At Troina, German forces launched at least 24 separate counterattacks in efforts to dislodge the Big Red One. Unfortunately, Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring was able to evacuate much of his force intact across the Strait of Messina, screened by the Luftwaffe and assorted flak batteries.
5. Lt. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (1888-1972), a native of Bushton, Kansas, served in the 18th Infantry prior to earning his commission in the Regular Army in 1916. Huebner took command of 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry at Cantigny in 1918, the first American battle of the First World War and the first in the Division's history. A strict disciplinarian, he replaced Allen in 1943 and commanded the Division from Omaha Beach through the first half of the Battle of Bulge, taking command of V Corps in January of 1945. He retired a lieutenant general. Huebner Road on Fort Riley bears his name.
6. Col. George A. Taylor (1899-1969) commanded the 16th Infantry through most of World War II, having previously served as the 1st Battalion S-2. After briefly commanding the 26th Infantry in early 1943, he assumed command of the 16th Infantry that April. Taylor is perhaps best remembered for his exhortation on Omaha Beach: "There are only two kinds of people who are staying on this beach—the dead and those who are going to die." In the 1962 film, the Longest Day, this quote is misattributed to Brig. Gen. Norman D. Cota of the 29th Infantry Division. For his actions on D-Day, Taylor was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and, in the final months of the war, served as the assistant division commander as a brigadier general.
7. In the summer of 1944, the Third Reich lost approximately 50 of 60 divisions assigned to the western front, mostly in the destruction of the Seventh Army in the Falaise Pocket. Accordingly, Germany made good use of drachenzähne: anti-tank/vehicle square-pyramidal fortifications. These "dragon's teeth," as they were known to the Americans, were littered along what was known as the "Siegfried Line" to the Allies or the "Westwall" to Germans. They were primarily used to deny, delay, and/or canalize Allied vehicular movement, especially in open areas where the Germans were unable to properly man defensive formations. The Big Red One and other Allied formations overcame these obstacles by burying them with bulldozers and driving over them. Many still stand today in their original positions, repurposed as property lines for farmers.
8. On October 21st, 1944, Col. Gerhard Wilck's 116th Panzer Division surrendered the ruins of Aachen to the Big Red One. Aachen was the first German city to fall to the Allies on any front in World War II. The battle had lasted the better part of October, involving elements of the 30th Infantry and 2d Armored Divisions from the north (XIX Corps) and the 1st Infantry Division from the south (VII Corps). Only about 20% of the city's original infrastructure remained intact by the end of the battle, as American 155mm M12 self-propelled howitzers often leveled entire blocks with direct fire. The Aachen Cathedral, which had witnessed 31 coronations, was heavily damaged but intact.
9. In 1946, the 1st Infantry Division guarded leading Nazi war criminals. Most notably, the 26th Infantry (Blue Spaders) provided security for the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials. With the deactivation of the Division's third brigade in 2014, the 26th Infantry's colors were transferred to the 101st Airborne Division where they remain today. For nearly 100 years, the Regiment had served almost continuously with the Big Red One since 1917.
10. On the morning of V-E Day, the Division executed forced entry operations into Zwodau and Falkenau an der Eger, two small concentration camps which were subsidiary to the notorious Flossenbürg camp. Samuel Fuller of the 16th Infantry was asked by his company commander to record the liberation and the atrocities at Falkenau with his 16-mm camera. Later in life, Fuller became a successful film director and eventually directed “The Big Red One” (1980) based on his own experiences in the war. Flossenbürg camp still stands today as a museum approximately 55 kilometers due east of Grafenwoehr Training Area.
|Date Posted:||05.08.2020 16:27|
|Location:||FORT RILEY, KS, US|
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For four years, from 1914 to 1918, World War I raged across Europe's western and eastern fronts, after growing tensions and then the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria ignited the war. Trench warfare and the early use of tanks, submarines and airplanes meant the war’s battles were devastatingly bloody, claiming an estimated 40 million military and civilian casualties, including 20 million deaths.
Fighting under brutal conditions, World War I battles on both land and at sea saw mass carnage, but few decisive victories, with some conflicts waging on for months on end. Below is a timeline of the war's most significant battles.
Battle of Mons: August 23, 1914
The first European clash since 1815’s Battle of Waterloo, the Battle of Mons takes place in Mons, Belgium, with a British Expeditionary Force that numbers about 75,000 fighting an estimated 150,000 Germans in an attempt to hold the Mons-Conde Canal. The final of four “Battles of the Frontier” held in the first weeks of World War I, the British forces are overpowered and forced to retreat, handing the Germans a strategic victory. Some 1,600 British and 5,000 Germans casualties are reported.
READ MORE: Battle of Mons
Battle of Tannenberg: August 26-August 30, 1914
Dubbed the Battle of Tannenberg by the victorious Germans in revenge for the 1410 conflict in which the Poles crushed the Teutonic Knights, this would be the country’s biggest win against Russia along the Eastern Front. The battle begins with Russian armies attacking German troops in German East Prussia (now Poland) from the south and the east, which, at first, works. But after intercepting unencrypted radio messages from the Russians, the Germans are able to reorganize their strategy, forcing the Russians into retreat. The Germans pursue the Russians, essentially annihilating the armies with 30,000 casualties and more than 90,000 taken prisoner.
READ MORE: Battle of Tannenberg
First Battle of the Marne: September 6-12, 1914
The First Battle of the Marne marks an Allied victory about 30 miles northeast of Paris, where the French army and British Expeditionary Force stop Germany’s swift advance into France. With an exhausted and weakened German force that had sent nearly a dozen divisions to fight in East Prussia and Belgium, the German First Army faces a counterattack and is forced to retreat to the Lower Aisne River, where the first trench warfare of the conflict begins.
READ MORE: First Battle of the Marne
First Battle of Ypres: October 19 to November 22, 1914
In what would become known as the “Race to the Sea,” the First Battle of Ypres begins, the first of three battles to control the ancient Flemish city on Belgium’s north coast that allows access to English Channel ports and the North Sea. The massive conflict—involving an estimated 600,000 Germans and 420,000 Allies—continues for three weeks until brutal winter weather brings it to an end. Typical of so many World War I battles, both sides engage in trench warfare and suffer massive casualties, but neither makes significant gains.
READ MORE: Germans Capture Langemarck During First Battle of Ypres
Battle of Dogger Bank: January 24, 1915
After decoding intercepted German messages, the British Grand Fleet attacks the German Kaiserliche Marine in the North Sea, sparking the Battle of Dogger Bank. The smaller German squadron retreats, but can’t outrun the British. A long-range gunfire ensues but while the German SMS Blücher cruiser is sunk, the British HMS Lion is severely damaged.
Battle of Verdun: February 21 to December 18, 1916
The Battle of Verdun becomes World War I’s longest single battle. It lasts nearly a year as the French Army fends off a surprise German offensive that causes mass losses on both sides, with more than 600,000 total casualties.
In an attempt to cripple France’s part in the war and cause a massive blow to its army’s morale, the Germans choose to attack the fort of Verdun, along the banks of the Meuse River. The Germans make advances in the bloody conflict until July, when their offensive is called off. The French then begin retaking stronghold and, as winter sets in and the first Battle of the Somme rages, the Verdun fighting finally comes to an end.
READ MORE: 10 Things You May Not Know About the Battle of Verdun
Battle of Gallipoli: February 19, 1915 to January 9, 1916
WATCH: Battle of Gallipoli
In modern warfare’s first major beach landing, the Gallipoli Campaign sees British and French troops invading the Ottoman Empire at the peninsula of Gallipoli in the Dardanelles Straits (now western Turkey). The invasion is an effort to control the sea route and seize Constantinople. With Western Front fighting stalled, the Ally forces intend the attack to be a swift victory, but ultimately withdraw, suffering some 180,000 casualties, including more than 28,000 Australian soldiers.
READ MORE: Battle of Gallipoli
Battle of Jutland: May 31 to June 1, 1916
World War I’s biggest naval conflict, the Battle of Jutland off the coast of Denmark marks the first and only showdown between German and British battleships. After German forces attack the Royal Navy, 250 ships and 100,000 men take part in the bloody fight, with both sides losing thousands of lives and several ships. Although there is no clear victor, Britain is able to secure North Sea shipping lanes and continue a blockade of German ports. This blockade proves pivotal to the Allies eventually winning the war.
READ MORE: Battle of Jutland
Battle of the Somme: July 1 to November 13, 1916
During one of history's bloodiest battles, on the first day alone of the first Battle of the Somme, British forces suffer more than 57,000 casualties, including 20,000 deaths, as they attempt to overrun German trenches and are easily gunned down.
The Allies soon change tactics in their attempt to fight back the Germans on the Western Front along the Somme River in France, but make minimal breakthroughs over a nearly five-month period. Notable for the firsts use of tanks, the battle finally ends with more than a million casualties.
READ MORE: Why Was the Battle of the Somme So Deadly?
Battles of the Isonzo: June 23, 1915 to October 24, 1917
The 12 battles held along the Italian Front at the Isonzo River at the Adriatic Sea (now part of Slovenia), see the Italians repeatedly attacking the Austrians to gain control of the area and entry to Vienna. After Italy makes some progress after multiple failed attempts, Germany eventually joins the Austrian troops, forcing Italy into retreat.
Third Battle of Ypres: July 31 to November 6, 1917
Also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, the Battle of Passchendaele takes place in Ypres, Belgium, as British forces, with help from the French and the use of tanks, launch an attack to wrest control of Ypres from the Germans. Attacks and counterattacks ensue for four months in the rain and mud, with Canadian forces brought in to help relieve the troops but little ground being won. In the end, it is considered a victory for the Allies, with but one that costs both sides more than 550,000 casualties.
READ MORE: British victory at Passchendaele
Battle of Vimy Ridge: April 9-Apr 12, 1917
In its first attack as a unified force, the Canadian Corps, consisting of the four Canadian divisions, launches an Easter Sunday offensive at Vimy Ridge in northern France, claiming a quick and decisive victory over the Germans in three days. Part of the Allied Battle of Arras, the well-planned battle uses new artillery tactics and marks the corps as an elite force.
June Offensive: July 1-July 4, 1917
In an attack by Russian forces against the Austro-Hungarians and Germans in Galicia, the June Offensive (also called the Kerensky Offensive and the July Offensive) operation takes place, ordered by Russian Minister of War Alexander Kerensky against the nation's popular calls for peace. Despite early gains, Russian troops suffer mass casualties and soon revolt. They are quickly overtaken by an Austro-German counterattack and the Russian army essentially disintegrates.
Battle of Caporetto: October 24 to December 19, 1917
Immortalized by Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms, the Battle of Caporetto, also called the 12th Battle of the Isonzo, is waged on the Italian Front near Kobarid (now part of Slovenia). German and Austro-Hungarian forces soundly defeat the Italian front line, resulting in nearly 700,000 Italian casualties and seriously diminishing morale.
READ MORE: Battle of Caporetto
Battle of Cambrai: November 20 to December 5, 1917
In World War I's first large-scale tank offensive, the Battle of Cambrai near Cambrai, France, ultimately gains little ground, but changes the course of modern warfare with the use of tank brigades and new artillery methods.
On November 20, British forces engage in a surprise attack, gaining some new territory over the next several days. But on November 30, a massive German counterattack results in most of that ground being recovered.
Second Battle of the Somme: March 21 to April 5, 1918
Fought along the Somme River basin in France, the Second Battle of the Somme is launched by the Germans, hoping to capitalize on the Russian army's collapse and attacking British trenches with gas and artillery fire. The British are forced into retreat and the Germans win their biggest single territorial gain along the Western Front since the war's onset. But within a week the Allies regroup and the German offensive begins to lose steam and is eventually halted.
READ MORE: Second Battle of the Somme ends
Ludendorff Offensive March 21 to July 18, 1918
Also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, the 1918 Spring Offensive begins with the Germans launching a string of attacks along the Western Front in hopes of winning the war before U.S. troops can join the Allies. Despite making successful advances in four attacks, the territory they retake or newly control doesn’t lead to strategic gains. With the American forces arriving in July, a counteroffensive and exhausted soldiers, the Germans, while claiming victory, are badly weakened.
Second Battle of the Marne: July 15-18, 1918
In their last offensive attack of the war, the Germans strike Ally troops near the Marne River in France's Champagne region in a diversionary attempt to lure them from a separate planned attack in Flanders. But fooled by a set of false trenches implemented by the French, the Germans are met by heavy fire and a counterattack by French and American troops as they approach the actual front lines and are forced to retreat.
READ MORE: Second Battle of the Marne begins with final German offensive
Battle of Amiens: August 8-11, 1918
The opening attack of what would be come to be called the Hundred Days Offensive, the Battle of Amiens sees one of the most successful advances of World War I, with Allied troops securing more than eight miles in the conflict’s first fog-covered day, later called "the black day of the German Army" by General Erich Ludendorff. Catching the Germans by surprise, the Allies attack with the help of 2,000 guns, 1,900 planes and 500 tanks, causing large-scale German casualties and a fatal blow to morale.
READ MORE: Battle of Amiens
Battles of the Meuse-Argonne: September 26 to November 11, 1918
More than 1 million Americans soldiers take part in the Battles of the Meuse-Argonne in France's dense Forest of Argonne and along the Meuse River, making it the American Expeditionary Forces' biggest World War I operation. It would leave 26,000 Americans dead, with 120,000-plus casualties—the deadliest battle in U.S. history. Joined by the French and aided by tanks and U.S. Air Service planes, the Allies capture tens of thousands of German prisoners and, after four months, Germany finally cedes, beginning its last retreat.
READ MORE: U.S. soldier Alvin York displays heroics at Argonne
Battle of Cambrai: September 27 to October 11, 1918
Part of the Hundred Days Offensive, British and Canadian Corps forces strike a decisive victory in Cambrai in northern France, which had been held by Germany since 1914. Surrounded, exhausted and with a disintegrating morale, the Germans face the certainty that the war has been lost.
Battle of Mons: November 11, 1918
Fought on World War I's final day, the Canadian Corps captures Mons, Belgium, held by the Germans since 1914, in the Battle of Mons. The early morning offensive happens hours before troops learn that Germany has agreed to an armistice at 11 a.m. It also marks the final death of an Allied soldier, a Canadian shot by a sniper minutes before the gunfire ends.
READ MORE: Why World War I Ended With an Armistice Instead of a Surrender
WATCH: How a Wrong Turn Started World War I
Similar videoPaulus's 6th Army ORDER OF BATTLE - Before Stalingrad
The 1st U.S. Infantry Division in Mons
Mons, the capital of Hainaut province, owed its rapid liberation principally to the men of the 3rd Armored Division (“Spearhead”). However, curiously, it was the men of the 1st Infantry Division of the United States that would be long commemorated in monumental memory.
Admittedly, the contribution of the 1st Infantry Division to the destruction of the German forces in the “Poche de Mons” was effective, but 1st infantry division ww2 order of battle more or less than that of their comrades from the “Spearhead”… or the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF)… Moreover, it is certain that the first American soldiers to have reached the limits of Mons, on 2 September 1944, at around 6:25 p.m., belonged to the 3rd Armored Division. But the memory policy of the “Big Red One” proved to be more effective. As soon as the war ended, its veterans took steps to erect, at different symbolic sites, imposing obelisks dedicated to the memory of the division’s soldiers who died during the conflict.
The monument in question, first erected in Goegnies-Chaussée, on the road from Maubeuge to Mons, where the fighting had been most intense, was later moved to Boulevard Dolez in 1994, near the historic heart of the city. Although the 3rd Armored Division had not been forgotten by history, for many years they lacked how to activate walmart prepaid debit card monument to mark their role in the liberation of Mons. This omission has recently been rectified: a “Sherman” tank, intended to represent those of the “Spearhead” was installed on a pedestal on the same boulevard Dolez in August 2019, thanks to the initiative of various local heritage groups. By a happy coincidence (but was it a coincidence?), it is located in front of the “Mons Memorial Museum”, which focuses on local history and, in particular, the impact of the two world wars on the city.
With the help of Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles and in partnership with CEGE-SOMA.
Charlie Company is ordered out of their bunks to gather gear and receive ammunition.
Nine helicopters — the first "element" — leave landing zone Dottie. This includes the 1st Platoon led by Lieutenant Calley and the 2nd Platoon led by Lieutenant Stephen Brooks.
While flying toward the western part of the hamlet, troops from Delta Company (from the 6th and 11th Artillery Battalion) shoot into Son My, the focus of the operation, for three to five minutes. The purpose of this artillery fire was to clear the landing zone, but instead it sends villagers running back into the village in fear instead of to the market.
The first element of helicopters lands in the paddy fields outside the village. Troops receive conflicting reports as to whether the landing zone is "cold" (no incoming fire) or "hot" (receiving fire).
A second lift of men takes off from landing zone Dottie and heads toward My Lai. This lift includes the rest of the 2nd Platoon, Lieutenant Jeffrey LaCross' 3rd Platoon, and Sergeant Ron Haeberle, an army photographer assigned to Charlie Company for the day.
Lieutenant Calley moves his men into a defensive position along the western edge of the village, securing the landing zone for the next lift. Lieutenant Brooks moves his men to the northwest edge of the village for the same purposes.
While Calley and Brooks are moving their men, several villagers attempt to leave their hiding places and are shot.
Warrant Officer Thompson, flying around the village in his "shark" scouting position, chases several armed Vietcong in black pajamas. Although the door gunners fire, they are unable to confirm the Vietcong had been hit.
The second element of helicopters arrives at the landing zone outside the village. When these helicopters take off again, they report receiving fire from a hamlet. The landing zone is declared "hot."
During this second lift, the sharks circling the village spot and kill four armed Vietcong on trails outside the village.
The two lead platoons from the first helicopter element begin moving through the village. Sergeant David Mitchell leads the first squad, followed by Lieutenant Calley and a squad of about 24 GI’s, then Sergeant L.G. Bacon's 1st infantry division ww2 order of battle and finally Sergeant Isaiah Cowan. As they move into My Lai the men shoot many fleeing Vietnamese and bayonet others. They throw hand grenades into houses and bunkers and destroy livestock and crops.
The two platoons in the village begin rounding up approximately 20-50 civilians (mostly women, children and old men,) pushing them along trails to a dirt road south of the village, and placing them under guard. Another group of 70 civilians are moved to the east of the village.
Soldiers begin killing the civilians without pretext. Men are stabbed with bayonets or shot in the head. One GI pushes a man down a well and throws an M26 grenade in after him. Over a dozen women and children praying by a temple are shot in the head by passing soldiers.
Captain Medina radios the operations center and reports 15 Vietcong have been killed.
It is reported that 300-500 Vietnamese civilians are fleeing southwest towards Quang Ngai City. A squadron led by Lieutenant LaCross opens fire on this group, and kills between three and 15 civilians.
Lieutenant Calley's platoon enters Son My from the south. In a hut, one soldier finds three children and a wounded woman and old man. The soldier shoots the man in the head, later claiming it was an act of mercy.
Two soldiers come across a woman carrying an infant and walking with a toddler; they fire at her. An elderly woman is spotted running down a path with an unexploded M79 grenade lodged in her stomach. One soldier forces a woman around the age of 20 to perform oral sex on him while holding a gun to a four-year-old child's head.
Captain Medina reports to Lieutenant Colonel Barker that 84 enemy have been killed. Barker radios this information to the tactical operations center. Medina directs Lieutenant Brooks to recover weapons from two Vietcong killed by the sharks while running from the small settlement of Binh Tay, north of Son My.
The group of civilians that had been herded to the south of the village are all shot by the soldiers guarding them. These soldiers then round up more civilians from inside the village and move them to a ditch. A fire squad is left guarding the people in the ditch, a number that has grown to about 50. The squads led by Closest bank of america nearest me Mitchell and Sergeant Bacon move east of the ditch and set up a defensive perimeter, further entrapping the people in the ditch.
Lieutenant Brooks' 2nd platoon fans out across the western part of the village. As they move through the village, they shoot down fleeing civilians, keeping no detainees. During this pass, approximately 50 to 100 civilians are killed, and at least two rapes are committed.
The Third Platoon moves into Son My and begins to burn and destroy homes, kill the remaining livestock, and destroy crops and foodstuffs. They shoot and kill a group of seven to 12 women and children.
On his way back to landing zone Dottie to refuel, Warrant Officer Thompson spots a group of wounded Vietnamese citizens south of My Lai. He marks their positions with smoke grenades and radios soldiers on the ground to provide medical assistance. According to Lieutenant Colonel Barker, however, the message he gets is "eight or nine dinks with web gear" have been wounded south of My Lai, and he directs Captain Medina to recover the equipment.
Lieutenant Calley reaches the drainage ditch into which the civilians had been herded and gives the order to start killing them. Within ten minutes, all are shot down by members of the 1st Platoon. Witnesses to the shooting report anywhere between 75 and 150 Vietnamese killed. None of the Vietnamese is armed.
Coming back from his refueling stop, Warrant Officer Thompson sees that the people whom he noticed previously as being injured are now shot dead.
Thompson's helicopter moves to the eastern side of the village, where he can see dozens of bodies in the irrigation ditch, some still visibly alive and moving. Thompson decides to intervene. In an unsanctioned maneuver, Thompson lands the helicopter 1st infantry division ww2 order of battle the east ditch and confronts a sergeant, but the officer says the only way he could help the people was to put them out of their misery.
After seeing the destruction to both property and civilians inside of the village, Captain Medina radios Lieutenant Brooks of the 2nd Platoon to stop the killing. This ceasefire order is never given to the 1st and 3rd Platoons, who continue killing for the next hour.
Medina's Charlie Company group moves into the village from the south, and interrogates an old man. The old man tells them that 30-40 Vietcong had stayed in My Lai overnight but had left the area before the assault began.
Minutes 1st infantry division ww2 order of battle Warrant Officer Thompson takes flight from the east ditch of Son My, his crew witnesses a sergeant shooting people in a ditch.
South of the village, the crew of Thompson's observation helicopter watches as a small group of soldiers approach a young woman lying wounded on the ground. Thompson had previously marked this woman with smoke. A captain walks up to the woman, prods her with his foot, and shoots her in the head. (This captain is later identified as Medina.)
Thompson flies to the northeast corner of the village where a small group of about 12-15 women and children are seeking refuge in a homemade bomb shelter. They are pursued by members of Charlie Company’s 2nd Platoon who are on their way back from Binh Tay. Thompson lands his craft between Charlie Company and the civilians and radios the gunships that he needs help. His crew members point their guns at the men of Charlie Company, and Thompson tells them to fire if the GI's begin shooting at the civilians.
Jumping out of his helicopter, Thompson confronts Lieutenant Stephen Brooks, who offers no assistance while Thompson coaxes the civilians out of the bunker and onto the shark.
Thompson begs the other gunships to land and help rescue more civilians. Medevac pilots Dan Millians and Brian Livingston land their sharks and fly nine or 10 civilians four miles away towards Quang Ngai City.
Lieutenant Jeffrey LaCross' 3rd Platoon continues killing. They gather a group of 10 women and children, and a few soldiers begin to sexually abuse a 15-year-old Vietnamese girl. Just after army photographer Sergeant Ron Capital one can t log in takes a picture of the group, they are shot down and killed.
Captain Medina and Lieutenant LaCross meet at the edge of the village. During the conversation, some command group members stray off and kill several wounded Vietnamese.
Reports indicate that Private Herbert Carter shoots himself in the foot while trying to clear his pistol.
Private Carter is med-evacuated by Barker's command helicopter and flown back to landing zone Dottie.
Captain Medina and his command group enter My Lai and walk through the village. After they reach the edge, Medina orders a lunch break for the entire company. The platoon leaders give him an estimate of enemy casualties: 90 killed. Medina reports this number to Task Force Barker. Later investigations will reveal estimates between 347 to 507 civilian casualties.
Thompson's aircraft arrives back at landing zone Dottie. Thompson tells his section leader, Captain Barry Lloyd, what he had seen. Thompson confronts the company commander, Major Fred Watke in the aviation section's operations van. Major Watke passes the information on to Lieutenant Colonel Barker, who radios Major Charles Calhoun to find out what is happening on the ground and put an end to it.
Still in the field, Charlie Company passes through My Lai 5 on their way to join Bravo Company. In My Lai 5, Charlie Company rounds up a large group of civilians and takes eight to ten young Vietnamese men with them for interrogation.
Colonel Henderson receives a second report of civilian casualties and directs a company back through Son My village to get an exact count. However, Major General Joster, the commander of the Americal Division, radios that no further examination is necessary and countermands the order.
Charlie Company arrives at its night defensive position, where Captain Eugene Kotouc, an intelligence officer for Task Force Barker, interrogates and kills at least two of the 10 Vietnamese suspects that both Bravo and Charlie Companies had gathered together during the afternoon.
Back at landing zone Dottie, Major Watke reports the allegations of Warrant Officer Thompson and other soldiers to Lieutenant Colonel John L. Holladay.
March 17, 1968
Bravo and Charlie Companies are ordered to search the area for the 48th Vietcong Local Battalion. Moving south along the Song Tra Khuc River, Charlie Company continues its destructive path, burning buildings and mistreating Vietnamese civilians.