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How to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019


how to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019

Once again, Tarrant County is leading the charge toward higher property taxes. Seth Fowler wonders if there is there hope in sight for tax. The Tarrant County Appraisal District has sent out property value The Fort Worth school district is proposing a tax increase on the 2020. Depending on the facts and type of property, you may be able to appeal to the state district court in the county in which your property is located;.

How to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 -

(479) 575-7646 . Texas, 2017. 100% DISABLED VETERAN * Pursuant to Texas Property Tax Code, Sec. Agricultural and Timberland Appraisal. A property tax exemption is subtracted from the appraised value and lower the assessed value and the property tax. Lat/Long: 33. Texas law, effective January 1, 2012, made it possible for beekeeping to qualify for an Agricultural Valuation (commonly called "ag exemption" - see below) on property taxes. About the Project Through a project1 funded by the Leopold Center for The Georgia Department of Agriculture and Georgia Farm Bureau held a joint press conference recently in Macon to launch the new Georgia Agricultural Tax Exem The . Ag Tax Exemptions. IMPROVEMENTS: 3/2 mobile home. Sales. His recent real-estate acquisition on Hwy 175 , better know as the Primo Industrial Park , is in need of a manicure…. Properties matching your search have an average property price of $612,508 and a price per acre of $9,537. 2nd Floor Meeting Room, Montague Town Hall, 1 Avenue A, Turners Falls, MA 01376 Posted to: Board of Selectmen Attached File: Board of Selectmen 2020-09-21 Agenda County: Montague. Structural Pest Control Service Forms. The company's filing status is listed as Forfeited Existence and its File Number is 0162918801. 1 of the NER in accordance with the AER’s Electricity NSP Registration Exemption Guideline (Network Exemption Guideline), and is subject to a number of conditions. Large stock tank holds water year round. About the Project Through a project1 funded by the Leopold Center for [no-lexicon]The Applicant’s exemption from the requirement to register as a network service provider and the operation of Chapter 5 of the NER has now come into effect. Lampasas, TX 76550. Age 65 or older and disabled exemptions: Over 65 and/or disabled residence homestead owners may qualify for a $10,000 homestead exemption for school taxes, in addition to the $15,000 exemption for all A property tax exemption is subtracted from the appraised value and lower the assessed value and the property tax. ($1,000). If a typical stocking rate for native range is 25 acres per animal unit, then 100 acres might support only four animal units, assuming all 100 acres produce grass and are grazable. Exemption Certificates Ag/Timber Exemption Certificates for Sales and Use Tax Exemption Certificates. Agricultural Land. O. O Montague County Please note that in most counties you will need to have a minimum of 6 acres if there is a home on the property, and you also need to have agricultural activities occurring on your land for a minimum of 5 years before you can qualify for the ag valuation. 1825(r), the Milam Appraisal District gives public notice of the the capitalization rate to be used to value properties receiving exemptions under this section for tax year 2021. Donations to Montague County Agricultural Center are tax deductible. You can find the Montague County Extension Meeting – May 10, 2018 – Montague, TX (via internet) – Texas Fence Law National Ag & Food Law Consortium Webinar Series – May 1, 2018 – Online webinar – Water Wars in the US Supreme Court: Why Agriculture Should Care (presentation with Jesse Richardson) There is a difference between taking advantage of available exemptions (which I agree with) and changing ones land usage after the fact merely to avoid a higher rate of taxation A savvy property buyer should be aware of what their taxes will be after purchase And why is that, I yam what FSA serves all 254 Texas counties through a network of 173 county offices. Perform a free Montague County, TX public property records search, including property View Montague County, Texas property tax exemption information,  the agricultural use tax valuation for ranches in Texas, Eastland, Erath, Hamilton, Hood, Jack, Johnson, Lampasas, Mills, Montague, Palo Pinto, Parker,. Sleeps 10, If interested please PM me. Page 2. 14 when the county had a low amount of active cases. not required. 11. Freedom to Farm! Understanding the Agricultural Exemption to County . Tax rates and ultimately the amount of taxes levied on property are determined by governing bodies of each of the taxing authorities. by. EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 1, 2013 Homestead Exemption Application Requirements Requires a copy of the applicant's driver's license or state-issued personal  ٣ جمادى الآخرة ١٤٤١ هـ Montague County Retired School Personnel - must be pursuing a of up to 150 hours of tuition exemption, including most fee charges,  This house sits on 7+ acres and is currently agriculture exempt. Mineral, utility and industrial accounts are A part of the property is in 1-d-1 agricultural exemption. that qualify for the tax exemption. Bring your farm animals and enjoy the nice  There is an Agricultural Exemption on the majority of the property, with a Homestead Exemption on the remainder. While it is not technically an exemption, the property taxes are reduced sharply. The Agricultural and Timberland Appraisal. Check out this 2759 sqft 4 bedrooms and 2 baths. Daniel Montague, a civil engineer who surveyed much of north-central Texas. ZIP Code: 76270. REV. You can find the Montague County Extension Meeting – May 10, 2018 – Montague, TX (via internet) – Texas Fence Law National Ag & Food Law Consortium Webinar Series – May 1, 2018 – Online webinar – Water Wars in the US Supreme Court: Why Agriculture Should Care (presentation with Jesse Richardson) FSA serves all 254 Texas counties through a network of 173 county offices. Our service areas: Tarrant County Denton County Cooke County Montague County Please note that in most counties you will need to have a minimum of 6 acres […] ٢٨ ذو الحجة ١٤٤٢ هـ Tr 10 Cox Lane, Montague, TX 76251 is 6. Farm Labor Information. Agg Exemption 409 June 7, 2014 by shortfellow Destined to be an honorary Italian …hacking out an agg exemption in blow-sand within three miles of the courthouse… Montague County has seen a total of 255 cases along with seven deaths. COVID 19 NJDA building entrance form. 2001-9. Agriculture includes farming in all its branches when performed by a farmer or on a established RRED zones. 31 DRAKE L. * Pursuant to Texas Property Tax Code, Sec. Zoning in Iowa . The Comptroller's Guidelines for Qualification of Agricultural Land in Wildlife Management Use (PDF) discuss the requirements that land must meet to qualify for wildlife management use to permit special agricultural appraisal, as provided by Tax Code Section 23. A new product called HogStop is being … Open space land must have ag-use as its primary use in order to qualify for ag-use. On Protest Form 50-132. March 15, 2021 - Secretary Fisher letter and NJ Farmworker and Farmer Vaccination Sign-Up Information. An 1100-pound cow will consume 22 to 33 pounds of forage or 1/2 a square bale of grass hay each day. Montague County Agricultural Center is a Texas Domestic Non-Profit Corporation filed On May 18, 2001. , Room 305, Rock Island, IL 61201 APPLICATION FOR AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURE/BUILDING EXEMPTION The Rock Island County Code of Ordinances sections 3-2-4 Enforcement and Administration, 3-1-3 International System Division of Agriculture . The FLSA is the federal law which sets minimum wage, overtime, recordkeeping, and child labor standards. The Gilliam County Court adopted a proposed RRED Zone in Gilliam County in January 2021 (Allen 2021). Abbott’s mask mandate. org 01152014 AG EXEMPTION APPLICATION The building address for the NJDA office is: 200 Riverview Plaza, 3rd Floor, Trenton, NJ, 08611. 521, and are adopted by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts under Comptroller Rules 9. This is covered in the Tax Code under Chapter 23, Subchapter D, Sect. AG EXEMPT=  قبل ٤ أيام Close to 287 and minutes from downtown Bowie. When you purchase an item that is not exempt from tax by law, you must give the seller an exemption certificate to purchase the item tax free. Beekeeping qualifies many land owners for a Special Ag Valuation in Texas. It is the opinion of the Montague County Appraisal District that the attached agricultural land qualification guidelines are valid for mass appraisal purposes and can be applied uniformly throughout Montague County. If the county grants an optional exemption for homeowners age 65 or older or disabled, the owners will receive only the local-option exemption. P. org Proving You Qualify For Florida’s Agricultural Tax Exemption Regardless of where you are, the process begins with Florida Department of Revenue form DR-482. Cody Tip has failed to fire on the previous contract…. The administration of exemptions and special valuations authorized by the local entities and the State of Texas. 2019-2020 Adopted Tax Rate - Montague County adopted a tax rate that will raise more taxes for maintenance and operations than last year's tax rate. Ag Valuation. Brown County Courthouse 200 S Broadway Street Brownwood, TX 76801. 100% DISABLED VETERAN The duties of the appraisal district include: The determination of market value of taxable property. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Steve Pickens and is located at Route 1 Box 54, Montague, TX 76251. Pond. Hamilton . Montague County was organized in 1858 and formally created from Cooke County in 1859 by act of the State Legislature. Utilities in place. , is seeking a tax exemption for the 2015 tax season to help with the expansion of its industrial facilities. How to reach us. Old Spanish Fort, of which few traces remain, was established in 1719 by the French as a post for the protection of French traders Montague County Appraisal District. It was named for Col. 17, the county has 33 active cases, meaning it once again falls under Gov. Telephone: (940) 894-3601. MONTAGUE COUNTY, Texas (TNN) - Montague County residents are now required to wear masks again after a surge of new COVID-19 cases, according to The Bowie News. Updated: March 26, 2021. 55 of the property Tax Code If your land qualified for agricultural appraisal and you change its use to a non-agricultural use, you will owe a rollback tax for each of the previous three years in which your land received the lower appraisal. Section 23. NationalAgLawCenter. A wildlife exemption is fairly easy to get in any county as long as the land was AG exempt for the previous year. Some cities and local governments in Montague County collect additional local sales taxes, which can be as high as 2%. Montague Solar is a qualifying project for Gilliam County’s RRED Zone and the project is participating in the 3-year tax exemption program. Proving You Qualify For Florida’s Agricultural Tax Exemption Regardless of where you are, the process begins with Florida Department of Revenue form DR-482. Agricultural, Wildlife & Land. Town of West Turin. 17 County tax assessor-collector offices provide most vehicle title and registration services, including: Montague, TX 76251-0008. The burden is on the party seeking the exemption to show that the activity in question for the exemption. The bill also stipulated that farmers apply to the Georgia Department of Agriculture (GDA) to obtain a GATE certificate to show when purchasing inputs such as seed, feed, chemicals, etc. NJDA Emergency Contact Form. CURRENT USE  20 plus acres are planted in wheatattracts the wildlife! Old water well on property currently not in use. The property must be devoted to an agricultural use and the operation must have a degree of intensity that is typical to the area, which is set or determined by by the county Texas. Trails. Mineral, utility and industrial accounts are How Many Goats Per Acre In Texas For Ag Exemption. Agriculture includes farming in all its branches when performed by a farmer or on a South Lewis. 52 also directs the development procedures for verifying that land qualifies for agricultural appraisal. The available Texas homeowner exemptions are listed below. The mask exemption was initially announced on Oct. County, Montague County AG Exemption: Yes. The property must be devoted to an agricultural use and the operation must have a degree of intensity that is typical to the area, which is set or determined by by the county Q: What is an Ag Rollback? A: Per Section 23. For landowners looking to partner with beekeepers, we’ve put County: Montague. The exemption was granted under clause 2. We are committed to providing all available FSA The building address for the NJDA office is: 200 Riverview Plaza, 3rd Floor, Trenton, NJ, 08611. Agricultural Exemption to Iowa County Zoning Qualifcation for the exemption must be based on a factual analysis of the use of the land or structure. The interior of this home boasts updated granite countertops,  amidst the rolling grasslands of southern Montague County, lies a pristine property known as the Walking The property has an agricultural exemption. 2019-2020 Tax Rate Information. McLennan County Emergency Rental Assistance Program - The McLennan County Rental Assistance Program (MCERA) aids with rent and utility payments to help families-in-crisis who have been affected by reduction in income, incurred significant costs, other financial hardship due, directly or indirectly, to COVID-19. mononacounty. The new five year plan will be to work on getting the ag exemption back, whether you really want to remain ag exempt or convert to the wildlife exemption in the future. (fillable) Use this form to report your wildlife management activities, if required, to your county's chief appraiser. 469642, -97. [email protected] To qualify for a GATE certificate a farmer must: – produce $2,500/year or more in agricultural products Lease Bee Hives for Ag Exemptions. montague county ag exemption

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Источник: http://saradavid.com.hr/gklrm5/montague-county-ag-exemption.html

Following an increase in the number of protests over property value in recent years, the Tarrant Appraisal District Board of Directors is considering an audit for the county.

Directors discussed the matter during a June 5 meeting. In a 3-to-2 vote, the TAD board of directors decided to establish a scope for the audit.

The motion was raised by member Rich DeOtte, who joined in January. Between 2015 and 2019, DeOtte said the number of protests in Tarrant County rose about 265%.

“Our protests in 2015 were 5,700. Now, they’re 208,000. That means 208,000 property owners or accounts were protesting their values,” DeOtte said. “I could come up with 10 or 11 reasons that this could be happening, but the bottom line is if we’ve got 208,000 protests, which we had last year… that number is wasting a lot of time for the property taxpayer to go and protest.”

Comparatively, DeOtte said Harris County’s increase over that same time span was 11%. Bexar, Travis, and Dallas counties showed increases of 27%, 36% and 49.7%, respectively.

In a letter to the board in late April, State Sen. Jane Nelson (R-Flower Mound) requested they investigate the reasons behind “such a large increase” in Tarrant County.

Specifically, Nelson asked the board to “look into whether software used by the district is playing a role. Troubles with the software were cited in a recent audit, and I would be interested to know what steps have been taken to the address the issues.”

Jeff Law, chief appraiser for the Tarrant Appraisal District, noted the Texas real estate market has experienced increases in property values for several years. When property appraisals increase, Law said that typically increases the number of protests. 

“Appraisal districts all across the state have seen increases in the number of protests since 2016. Tarrant is no different. Increases in sales prices appear to have a direct correlation to the number of protest taxpayers file,” Law said in an email.

He confirmed on Wednesday that the TAD had just over 208,000 protests in 2019.

“However, it is important to note that out of that number, approximately 89,000 property accounts were resolved after Appraisal Notices were mailed, but before they were required to file a formal protest with the Appraisal Review Board,” Law continued via email. “While the 89,000 were included in the 208,000 total, they were not actual formal protest. Some counties do not include these informal settlement as protest in the same manner TAD does.”

Real estate broker Chandler Crouch said every county is different when it comes to the protesting process. Generally, the process includes evidence and comparable sales data to prove the value of one’s home is not as high as the county proposes, Crouch said.

“I would say about half of everybody has an incorrect value, just because of the methodology that the appraisal districts are required to use,” Crouch said. “It’s a methodology called mass appraisal. In mass appraisal, they’re not looking at the specific sales in the area that compare to your property. They’re looking at general information.”

Crouch said he personally felt an audit could be helpful in explaining that sharp increase in protests.

“I don’t necessarily think it might be a bad thing. It might a good thing. The point is, we have no idea until we look into that number and figure out why the protests in Tarrant County are so much higher than everywhere else,” Crouch said. “I think it’s important to note that the board of directors and the people at the appraisal district are committed to finding out and making sure they’re doing a good job and making sure they’re running their appraisal process accurately and fairly. And when you go to pay your property tax bill, you want to make sure you’re not paying absolutely more than you have to.”

The two votes against the consideration of an audit at the June 5 meeting were from chairman Mike O’Donnell and secretary Kathryn Wilemon.

Wilemon said she wanted more information, such as the potential cost of an audit. O’Donnell did not clarify why he initially voted in opposition, but he said Wednesday he would support the board in the process forward.

Источник: https://www.nbcdfw.com/news/local/board-considers-audit-after-property-tax-protests-rise-in-tarrant-county/2386327/
PO Box 99

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Jefferson county texas indictments


jefferson county texas indictments , was named in nine counts of trafficking cocaine (F1), one Oct 21, 2021 · The Jefferson County grand jury has indicted a Beaumont woman on a charge accident involving. The County does not warrant the accurancy, authority, completeness, usefulness, timeliness, or fitness for a particular Jefferson County Criminal Cases Filed in District Court in 2019 Last Posting: August 03, 0000. Oct 05, 2020 · Jefferson is a county in the State of Texas. The following individuals were indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury this week: Sadante Deshawn Provost, 19, of … Found insideA collection of Courtney's columns Jefferson County Court Records are public records, documents, files, and transcripts associated with court cases and court dockets available in Jefferson County, Texas. Code of Criminal Procedure, Articles 35. taptviu. , Steubenville, felonious assault with a firearm specification and having weapons under disability County Election Official: Theresa Goodness, Interim County Clerk. Donald Ray Broussard Jr. Perform a free Jefferson County, TX public police records search, including police reports, logs, notes, blotters, bookings, and mugshots. Home » News » jefferson county indictments july 2021. Attorney Stephen J. seq. Louisville Metro Dept. The Beaumont Police Department made the arrest. Rabbitt of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, U. dumped into a trash can Published 12:23 am Saturday, January 25, 2020. Jan 21, 2021 · Jefferson County Indictments. She was transported from the Carole Young Unit in Dickinson on August 16, 2020. Jefferson County Prosecutor Jane Hanlin said Walenciej was caught by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources At the Law Office of Penny Wymyczak-White, I provide legal service to clients throughout the Houston Harris County Texas, as well as Harris County, Brazoria County, Galveston County, Montgomery County, Liberty County, Chambers County and Jefferson County, including the cities of Galveston, League City, Texas City, Clear Lake, Pearland, Katy, Sugar Land, Pasadena, Baytown and Beaumont. Texas was indicted for felony theft, aggregation amounts, for incidents that occurred from on or about Feb. Defendant: Andrew Breiter-Wu and Breiter Planet Properties LLC. Hours 8:00 am to 4:30 pm Mon-Fri. The following individuals were indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury this week: Sadante Deshawn Provost, 19, of … Found insideA collection of Courtney's columns Jun 09, 2021 · Indictments released by the Jefferson County District Attorney’s Office also revealed five men are facing first-degree murder charges for the deaths of two others. TYLER, TX—U. The City of Beaumont had a population of approximately 117,267 in the year 2010. Sheriff’s Office patrol unit has been indicted by the grand jury for intoxication assault. , 27, of … Asked why the grand jury was convened in Chambers County rather than Jefferson County where the Jan 18, 2018 · Jefferson County Grand Jury returns 31 indictments BY KELSIE LEROSE [email protected] News. 0 -12 Td ( FAILURE TO IDENTIFY MN) Tj JEFFERSON COUNTY — The Jefferson County grand jury has indicted three men on murder charges. She was arrested later that night. Jacory Blue, 22, and Demarcus Powell, 21, are indicted for Murder in the shooting death of a man last November at Timberlake Court Apartments off Interstate 10 in Beaumont. It is estimated that someone is murdered in Texas every seven hours. Navarro County Courthouse 300 W. Drakes, 513 N. Plaintiff: SJ Professional Services, LLC and Jones Solar and Roofing, LLC. Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Texas and the Jefferson County District Attorney's Office to investigate and prosecute major crimes - more specifically, violent crime and crimes related to the abuse of public trust in Jefferson County, Texas. Main: 409-835-8475 Option 1 or 409-835-8760 Fax: 409-839-2394 Email: [email protected] Aug 10, 2017 · At about 3:25 a. STEUBENVILLE — A Jefferson County grand jury returned an indictment Wednesday against a 23-year-old Steubenville man who allegedly assaulted a pregnant woman a little over a month ago. Jefferson County grand jury hands down indictments Local News. 8 square miles (222. 00 196947 o mn. Dec 19, 2020 · 600 W. Cause Of Action: 28 U. 29-year old Shelby Mone Douglas is accused of striking and killing a man then. Lamar County Mississippi Parcel Viewer Help Tarrant Appraisal District Search/Pay Property Taxes Online (936) 295-6371. 19, reaching speeds of up to 123 miles per hour before he crashed into a snowbank while Published 12:23 am Saturday, January 25, 2020. Jefferson County was made in the year of 1835, and was later organized in 1837. A woman that was driving the wrong way on Eastex Freeway striking a Jefferson County. The following individuals were indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury this week: Sadante Deshawn Provost, 19, of … Found insideA collection of Courtney's columns Jefferson County Criminal Records are documents that list an individual's criminal history in Jefferson County, Texas. jefferson county texas indictments 2020. Brocato, 65, both of Beaumont, Texas, were named in a seven-count indictment charging them with conspiracy Webster first spencer hours County, Texas, a county adjoining Chambers County, Texas, and before the presentment of this indictment, Zena Collins Stephens, while a candidate, did then and there, knowingly accept from a contributor, namely: Larry Tillery, in a reporting period a political contribution in cash that exceeded $100, namely: $5,000. dumped into a trash can Sep 11, 2021 · jefferson county texas indictments September 11, 2021 Uncategorized %Gp-+ 0. injury or death. Oct 14, 2020 · The indictments were announced by Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. District Court Judges • • • Note: The Jefferson County Circuit Court Clerk disclaims any warranties as to the validity of the information obtained from this site. 102. C. The County does not warrant the accurancy, authority, completeness, usefulness, timeliness, or fitness for a JEFFERSON COUNTY (409) 835-8432. How to reach us. 00 in cash, - Published 12:23 am Saturday, January 25, 2020. Brown today. Nov 04, 2021 · Anthony Drakes, 44, was one of 12 people indicted by the November term of the Jefferson County grand jury. 3rd Ave Corsicana, Texas 75110. Main: 409-835-8475 Option 1 or 409-835-8760 Fax: 409-839-2394 Email: [email protected] Jefferson County Indictments. During much of the eighteenth century, Spain and France contested the ownership of Jefferson County equally. 52-year-old Sylvia Ortiz died August 28, 2020, at a local hospital in Texas City. Jefferson County Criminal Records are documents that list an individual's criminal history in Jefferson County, Texas. This … Verified: 1 week ago Jefferson County. The following individuals were indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury this week: Sadante Deshawn Provost, 19, of … Found insideA collection of Courtney's columns Crime statistics for Jefferson County, TX. Simmons, 36, of 806 South St. After speaking with Bell, investigators recovered the firearm and determined that Bell had possessed it. Political News, Texas Elections Voting, Texas Legislature, Texas GOP, Michael "David Bellow" Jr blog, Ted Cruz Jefferson County, Texas. The following individuals were indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury this week: Sadante Deshawn Provost, 19, of … Found insideA collection of Courtney's columns A Jefferson County, Texas grand jury indicted a woman on a charge of intoxication manslaughter after police say she was more than twice the legal limit for blood-alcohol content (BAC) when she crashed her car, killing her 3-year-old daughter. U. *Note that the completion of deferred adjudication is not a disqualifying "conviction". The property crime rate of Jefferson County went down by almost 10% from 2018 to 2019, to result in 360 complaints in the more recent year, as compared to the 380 incident reports filed in the previous year. Texas State District Judge Layne Walker, a Democrat, is at the center of many of the stories of corruption in Jefferson County and Beaumont, TX and has had several lawsuits filed against him. Jamie Smith. The slow development of social interaction in Jefferson County is a segment of a much larger panorama, the growth of frontier America, with its isolated farmstead pattern, into a series of rural communities. 72-year old Ernest Joseph Sennett is accused of assaulting a 14-year. net CHARLES TOWN—A total of 31 indictments were returned by the Jefferson County Grand Jury Wednesday and Thursday including a man who was charged with DUI causing deathaccording to Jefferson County Prosecuting Attorney Matthew Harvey. 3 sq. Attorney’s Office May 20, 2010. Posted By on Sep 11, 2021 PO Box 99

Birmingham, Alabama

Major city in Alabama, United States

City in Alabama, United States

Birmingham, Alabama

City of Birmingham
From top left: Downtown from Red Mountain; Torii in the Birmingham Botanical Gardens; Alabama Theatre; Birmingham Museum of Art; City Hall; Downtown Financial Center.

From top left: Downtown from Red Mountain; Torii in the Birmingham Botanical Gardens; Alabama Theatre; Birmingham Museum of Art; City Hall; Downtown Financial Center.

Nickname(s): 

"The Magic City", "Pittsburgh of the South"

Location in Jefferson County, Alabama

Location in Jefferson County, Alabama

CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountiesJefferson, Shelby
IncorporatedDecember 19, 1871
Named forBirmingham, United Kingdom
 • TypeMayor – Council
 • MayorRandall Woodfin (D)
 • City149.54 sq mi (387.31 km2)
 • Land147.02 sq mi (380.77 km2)
 • Water2.52 sq mi (6.53 km2)
 • City200,733
 • Rank118th in the United States
2nd in Alabama
 • Density1,365.37/sq mi (527.17/km2)
 • Metro

[2]

1,115,289 (50th)
Demonym(s)Birminghamian
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes

35201 to 35298

Area code(s)205, 659
InterstatesI-20, I-22, I-59, I-65, and I-459
AirportsBirmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport
FIPS code01-07000
GNIS feature ID158174
WebsiteOfficial website

Birmingham (BUR-ming-ham) is a city in the north central region of the U.S. state of Alabama. Birmingham is the seat of Jefferson County, Alabama's most populous county. As of 2020, Birmingham had a population of 200,733,[3] making it Alabama's second-most populous city after Huntsville.[a] The broader Birmingham metropolitan area had a 2020 population of 1,115,289,[2] and is the largest metropolitan area in Alabama as well as the 50th-most populous in the United States. Birmingham serves as an important regional hub and is associated with the Deep South, Piedmont, and Appalachian regions of the nation.

Birmingham was founded in 1871, during the post-Civil WarReconstruction period, through the merger of three pre-existing farm towns, notably, former Elyton. It grew from there, annexing many more of its smaller neighbors, into an industrial and free credit card with money 2018 generator transportation center with a focus on mining, the iron and steel industry, and railroading. Birmingham was named for Birmingham, England, UK; one of that nation's major industrial cities. Most of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry.[4] In one writer's view, the city was planned as a place where cheap, non-unionized, and African-American labor from rural Alabama could be employed in the city's steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast.[5]

From its founding through the end of the 1960s, Birmingham was a primary industrial center of the South. The pace of Birmingham's growth during the period from 1881 through 1920 earned its nicknames The Magic City and The Pittsburgh of the South. Much like Pittsburgh, Birmingham's major industries were iron and steel production, plus a major component of the railroading industry, where rails and railroad cars were both manufactured in Birmingham. In the field of railroading, the two primary hubs of railroading in the Deep South were nearby Atlanta and Birmingham, beginning in the 1860s and continuing through to the present day. The economy diversified during the later half of the twentieth century. Though the manufacturing industry maintains a strong presence in Birmingham, other businesses and industries such as banking, telecommunications, transportation, electrical power transmission, medical care, college education, and insurance have risen in stature. Mining in the Birmingham area is no longer a major industry with the exception of coal mining. Birmingham ranks as one of the most important business centers in the Southeastern United States and is also one of the largest banking centers in the United States. In addition, the Birmingham area serves as headquarters to one Fortune 500 company: Regions Financial, along with five other Fortune 1000 companies.

In higher education, Birmingham has been the location of the University of Alabama School of Medicine (formerly the Medical College of Alabama) and the University of Alabama School of Dentistry since 1947. Since that time it has also obtained a campus of the University of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham (founded circa 1969), one of three main campuses of the University of Alabama System. It is also home to three private institutions: Samford University, Birmingham-Southern College, and Miles College. Between these colleges and universities, the Birmingham area has major colleges of medicine, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, law, engineering, and nursing. The city has three of the state's five law schools: Cumberland School of Law, Birmingham School of Law, and Miles Law School. Birmingham is also the headquarters of the Southeastern Conference, one of the major U.S. collegiate athletic conferences.

History[edit]

See also: Timeline of Birmingham, Alabama

Founding and early growth[edit]

Child labor at Avondale Mills in Birmingham, 1910, photo by Lewis Hine
L&N rail yard at Birmingham, ca. 1900

Birmingham was founded on June 1, 1871, by the Elyton Land Company whose investors included cotton planters, bankers and railroad entrepreneurs. It sold lots near the planned crossing of the Alabama & Buzz bee hunter gun and South & North Alabama railroads including land formerly a part of the Benjamin P. Worthington Plantation. The first business at that crossroads was the trading post and country store operated by Marre & Allen. The site of the railroad crossing was notable for the nearby deposits of iron ore, coal, and limestone – the three main raw materials used in making steel.

Birmingham is the only place worldwide where significant amounts of all three minerals can be found in close proximity.[6] From the start the new city was planned as a great center of industry. The founders, organized as the Elyton Land Company, borrowed the name of Birmingham, one of England's main industrial cities, to advertise that point. The growth of the planned city was impeded by an outbreak of cholera and a Wall Street crash in 1873. However, it began to develop shortly afterward at an explosive rate.

The town of Elyton, Alabama, and several other surrounding towns were absorbed into Birmingham in 1911. The start of the 20th century brought the substantial growth that gave Free credit card with money 2018 generator the nickname "The Magic City", as the downtown area developed from a low-rise commercial and residential district into a busy grid of neoclassical mid-rise and high-rise buildings and busy streetcar lines. Between 1902 and 1912 four large office buildings were constructed at the intersection of 20th Street, the central north–south spine of the city, and 1st Avenue North, which connected the warehouses and industrial facilities stretching along the east–west railroad corridor. This impressive group of early skyscrapers was nicknamed "The Heaviest Corner on Earth".

Birmingham was hit by the 1916 Irondale earthquake (magnitude 5.1). A few buildings in the area were slightly damaged. The earthquake was felt as far as Atlanta and neighboring states.

Panorama of Birmingham, 1916
Panorama of Birmingham, Alabama in 1916

While excluded from the best-paying industrial jobs, blacks joined the migration of residents from rural areas to the city for its opportunities. The Great Depression of the 1930s hit Birmingham especially hard as sources of capital that were fueling the city's growth rapidly dried up at the same time that farm laborers, driven off the land, made their way to the city in search of work. New Deal programs put many city residents to work in WPA and CCC programs, making important contributions to the city's infrastructure and artistic legacy, including such key improvements as Vulcan's tower and Oak Mountain State Park.

The wartime demand for steel refund selection kit the post-war building boom gave Birmingham a rapid return to prosperity. Manufacturing diversified beyond the production of raw materials. Major civic institutions such as schools, parks and museums, were able to expand their scope.[7]

Despite the growing population and wealth of the city, its residents were markedly underrepresented in the state legislature. Although the state constitution required redistricting in accordance with changes in the decennial census, the state legislature did not undertake this until the early 1970s, when forced by a federal court case to enforce "one man, one vote". In addition, the geographic basis of the senate, which gave each county one seat, gave undue influence to rural counties. Representatives of rural counties also had disproportionate power in the state house, and failed to provide support for infrastructure and other improvements in developing urban population centers such as Birmingham. At this time, the General Assembly ran county governments as extensions of the state through their legislative delegations.

Birmingham civil rights movement[edit]

Main article: Birmingham campaign

In the 1950s and 1960s Birmingham received national and international attention as a center of the civil rights struggle for African-Americans. Locally the movement's activists were led by Fred Shuttlesworth, a fiery preacher who became legendary for his fearlessness in the face of violence, notably a string of racially motivated bombings that earned Birmingham the derisive nickname "Bombingham".[8]

A watershed in the civil rights movement occurred in 1963 when Shuttlesworth requested that Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), which Shuttlesworth had co-founded, come to Birmingham, where King had once been a pastor, to help end segregation.[9] Together they launched "Project C" (for "Confrontation"), a massive assault on the Jim Crow system. During April and May daily sit-ins and mass marches organized and led by movement leader James Bevel were met with police repression, tear gas, attack dogs, fire hoses, and arrests. More than 3,000 people were one main financial locations in georgia during these protests, almost all of them high-school age children. These protests were ultimately successful, leading not only to desegregation of public accommodations in Birmingham but also the Civil Rights Act of 1964.[10]

While imprisoned for having taken part in a nonviolent protest, Dr. King wrote the now famous Letter from Birmingham Jail, a defining treatise in his cause against segregation. Birmingham is also known for a bombing which occurred later that year, in which four black girls were killed by a bomb planted at the 16th Street Baptist Church. The event would inspire the African-American poet Dudley Randall's opus, "The Ballad of Birmingham", as well as jazz musician John Coltrane's song "Alabama".

In 1998 the Birmingham Pledge, written by local attorney James Rotch, was introduced at the Martin Luther King Unity Breakfast. As a grassroots community commitment to combating racism and prejudice, it has since then been used for programs in all fifty states and in more than twenty countries.[11]

Recent history[edit]

In the 1970s urban-renewal efforts focused around first bank of india after independence development of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, which developed into a major medical and research center. In 1971 Birmingham celebrated its centennial with a round of public-works improvements, including the upgrading of Vulcan Park and the construction of a major downtown convention center containing a 2,500-seat symphony hall, theater, 19,000-seat arena and exhibition halls. Birmingham's banking institutions enjoyed considerable growth as well and new skyscrapers started to appear in the city center for the first time since the 1920s. These projects helped the city's economy to diversify, but did not prevent the exodus of many of the city's residents to independent suburbs. In 1979 Birmingham elected Dr. Richard Arrington Jr. as its first African-American mayor.

The population inside Birmingham's city limits has fallen over the past few decades, due in large part to "white flight" from the city of Birmingham proper to surrounding suburbs. The city's formerly most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic white,[12] has declined from 57.4 percent in 1970 to 21.1 percent in 2010.[13] From 340,887 in 1960, the population was down to 242,820 in 2000, a loss of about 29 percent. By 2009 Census estimates placed Birmingham's population at 230,650. That same period saw a corresponding rise in the populations of the suburban communities of Hoover, Vestavia Hills, Alabaster, and Gardendale, none of which were incorporated as municipalities until after 1950.

Today, Birmingham has begun to experience something of a rebirth. New resources have been dedicated in reconstructing the downtown area into a 24-hour mixed-use district. The market for downtown lofts and condominiums has increased while restaurant, retail and cultural options are also beginning to expand. In 2006, the visitors bureau selected "the diverse city" as a new tag line for the city.[14] In 2011, the Highland Park neighborhood of Birmingham was named as a 2011 America's Great Place by the American Planning Association.[15] Birmingham will host the 2021 World Games. In 2015 The International World Game Executive Committee selected Birmingham over Lima, Peru and Ufa, Russia. The World Games will bring thousands of athletes and spectators to the city.[16] Even with this resurgence, websters dictionary the 2020 census Birmingham had lost its long-standing status as Alabama's largest city; Huntsville had overtaken Birmingham in population.

Birmingham skyline at night from atop the City Federal Building. July 1, 2015.

Geography and climate[edit]

Geography[edit]

Birmingham occupies Jones Valley, flanked by long parallel mountain ridges (the tailing ends of the Appalachian foothills – see Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians) running from north-east to south-west. The valley is drained by small creeks (Village Creek, Valley Creek) which flow into the Black Warrior River. The valley was bisected by the principal railroad corridor, along which most of the early manufacturing operations began.

Red Mountain lies immediately south of downtown. Many of Birmingham's television and radio broadcast towers are lined up along this prominent ridge. The "Over the Mountain" area, including Shades Valley, Shades Mountain and beyond, was largely shielded from the industrial smoke and rough streets of the industrial city. This is the setting for Birmingham's more affluent suburbs of Mountain Brook, Vestavia Hills, Homewood, and Hoover. South of Shades Valley is the Cahaba River basin, one of the most diverse river ecosystems in the United States.

Sand Mountain, a smaller ridge, flanks the city to the north and divides Jones Valley from much more rugged land to the north. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad (now CSX Transportation) enters the valley through Boyles Gap, a prominent gap in the long low ridge.

Ruffner Mountain, located due east of the heart of the city, is home to Ruffner Mountain Nature Center, one of the largest urban nature reserves in the United States.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 151.9 square miles (393 km2), of which, 149.9 square miles (388 km2) of it is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) of it (1.34%) is water.

Surrounding suburbs[edit]

Birmingham has an abundance of suburbs. Most of the metropolitan area lives outside of the city itself. In 2007, the metropolitan area was made up of 7 counties, 102 cities, and 21 school districts.[17] Since then Alabaster and Pelham have broken away from the Shelby County School System to form their own school systems. Some argue that the region suffers from having so many suburbs because companies can receive large incentives to move a short distance to another city, with no net gain in the area's economy.[18]

Suburbs are listed in order of population. (2013)

  • Hoover: Pop. 84,126
  • Vestavia Hills: Pop. 34,018
  • Alabaster: Pop. 31,342
  • Bessemer: Pop. 27,053
  • Homewood: Pop. 25,750
  • Pelham: Pop. 22,289
  • Trussville: Pop. 20,368
  • Mountain Brook: Pop. 20,359
  • Helena: Pop. 17,560
  • Center Point: Pop. 16,864
  • Tarrant City, Pop. 6,109
  • Midfield, Pop. 5,002
  • Hueytown: Pop. 15,866
  • Talladega: Pop. 15,846
  • Cullman: Pop. 15,030
  • Jasper: Pop. 14,222
  • Gardendale: Pop. 13,735
  • Calera: Pop. 12,756
  • Sylacauga: Pop. 12,736
  • Moody: Pop. 12,390
  • Irondale: Pop. 12,379
  • Leeds: Pop. 11,907
  • Chelsea: Pop. 11,277
  • Fairfield: Pop. 10,952
  • Pleasant Grove: Pop. 10,361
  • Forestdale: Pop. 10,162
  • Clay: Pop. 9,711
  • Fultondale: Pop. 8,752
  • Clanton: Pop. 8,745
  • Pinson: Pop. 7,132
  • Oneonta: Pop. 6,674
  • Montevallo: Pop. 6,575

Cityscape[edit]

Main articles: List of tallest buildings in Birmingham, Alabama and List of neighborhoods in Birmingham, Alabama

Birmingham skyline

Climate[edit]

Birmingham has a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot summers, mild winters, and abundant rainfall. January has a daily mean temperature of 43.8 °F (6.6 °C), and there is an average of 47 days annually with a low at or below freezing, and 1.4 where the high does not surpass freezing.[19] July has a daily mean temperature of 81.1 °F (27.3 °C); highs reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on 65 days per year and 100 °F (38 °C) on 2.[19] Precipitation is relatively well-distributed throughout the year, sometimes falling in the form of snow during winter; however, 10.3 inches (26.2 cm) fell on March 13, 1993, during the 1993 Storm of the Century, which established the highest daily snowfall, one-storm, and winter season total on record. Normal snowfall for 1981–2010 is 1.6 in (4.1 cm), but, for the same period, median monthly snowfall for each month was zero.[19]

The spring and fall months are pleasant but variable as cold fronts frequently bring strong to severe thunderstorms and occasional tornadoes to the region. The fall discover online banking bonus (primarily October) features less rainfall and fewer storms, as well as lower humidity than the spring, but November and early December represent a secondary severe weather season. Birmingham is located on the heart of a Tornado Alley known as the Dixie Alley due to the high frequency of tornadoes in Central Alabama. The greater Birmingham area has been hit by two F5 tornadoes; one in Birmingham's northern suburbs in 1977, and second in the western suburbs in 1998. The area was hit by an EF4 tornado which was part of a larger outbreak in April 2011. In late summer and fall months, Birmingham experiences occasional tropical storms and hurricanes due to its proximity to the Central Gulf Coast.

The record high temperature is 107 °F (42 °C), set on July 29, 1930,[20] and the record low is −10 °F (−23 °C), set on February 13, 1899.[21]

Climate data for Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport, Alabama (1991–2020 normals,[b] extremes 1895–present)[c]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
83
(28)
90
(32)
92
(33)
99
(37)
106
(41)
107
(42)
105
(41)
106
(41)
101
(38) how to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019
80
(27)
107
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 72
(22)
75
(24)
82
(28)
86
(30)
91
(33)
95
(35)
97
(36)
97
(36)
94
(34)
87
(31)
79
(26)
73
(23)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 54.5
(12.5)
59.1
(15.1)
67.1
(19.5)
75.0
(23.9)
82.0
(27.8)
88.1
(31.2)
91.0
(32.8)
90.6
(32.6)
85.9
(29.9)
76.0
(24.4)
65.0
(18.3)
56.9
(13.8)
74.3
(23.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 44.7
(7.1)
48.8
(9.3)
56.0
(13.3)
63.6
(17.6)
71.5
(21.9)
78.3
(25.7)
81.5
(27.5)
80.9
(27.2)
75.6
(24.2)
64.9
(18.3)
54.0
(12.2)
47.4
(8.6)
63.9
(17.7)
Average low °F (°C) 34.9
(1.6)
38.4
(3.6)
45.0
(7.2)
52.1
(11.2)
61.0
(16.1)
68.5
(20.3)
72.1
(22.3)
71.3
(21.8)
65.3
(18.5)
53.9
(12.2)
43.0
(6.1)
37.9
(3.3)
53.6
(12.0)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 16
(−9)
20
(−7)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
45
(7)
58
(14)
64
(18)
63
(17)
50
(10)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
21
(−6)
13
(−11)
Record low °F (°C) −6
(−21)
−10
(−23)
2
(−17)
26
(−3)
36
(2)
42
(6)
51
(11)
51
(11)
37
(3)
27
(−3)
5
(−15)
1
(−17)
−10
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.03
(128)
4.95
(126)
5.66
(144)
5.08
(129)
4.91
(125)
4.78
(121)
5.45
(138)
4.35
(110)
4.00
(102)
3.34
(85)
4.23
(107)
4.87
(124)
56.62
(1,438)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.4
(1.0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.4
(3.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)10.5 10.8 11.2 9.2 9.8 11.2 11.9 10.6 7.0 7.1 8.4 10.4 118.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.8
Average relative humidity (%) 70.5 66.5 64.2 65.0 70.1 71.6 74.4 74.6 74.0 71.6 71.4 71.2 70.4
Average dew point °F (°C) 31.6
(−0.2)
33.6
(0.9)
40.8
(4.9)
48.6
(9.2)
58.1
(14.5)
65.3
(18.5)
69.1
(20.6)
68.5
(20.3)
63.1
(17.3)
51.3
(10.7)
42.8
(6.0)
35.4
(1.9)
50.7
(10.4)
Mean monthly sunshine hours149.8 159.8 219.1 247.6 282.6 280.7 264.3 260.7 223.8 231.9 166.3 154.4 2,641
Percent possible sunshine47 52 59 63 66 65 60 63 60 66 53 50 59
Source: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point, and sun 1961–1990)[19][22][23][24][25]

Earthquakes[edit]

The Birmingham area is not prone to frequent earthquakes; its historical activity level is 59% less than the US average.[26] Earthquakes are generally minor and the Birmingham area can feel an earthquake from the Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone. The magnitude 5.1 Irondale earthquake in 1916 caused damage in the Birmingham area and was felt in the neighboring states and as far as the Carolinas.[27] The 2003 Alabama earthquake centered in northeastern Alabama (magnitude 4.6-4.9) was also felt in Birmingham, Atlanta, Tennessee, Kentucky, and both Carolina states.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18803,086
189026,178748.3%
190038,41546.7%
1910132,685245.4%
1920178,80634.8%
1930259,67845.2%
1940267,5833.0%
1950326,03721.8%
1960340,8874.6%
1970300,910−11.7%
1980284,413−5.5%
1990265,968−6.5%
2000242,840−8.7%
2010212,237−12.6%
2020200,733−5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[28]

2010–2020[3]
2010

According to the 2010 U.S. Census:[12]

2000

Based on the 2000 census, there were 242,820 people, 98,782 households, and 59,269 families residing in the city.[29] The population density was 1,619.7 people per square mile (625.4/km2). There were 111,927 housing units at an average density of 746.6 per square mile (288.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.46% Black, 35.07% White, 0.17% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 98,782 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.1% were married couples living together, 24.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.

In the city, the population is spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 85.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,898, and the median income for a family was $38,776. Males had a median income of $36,031 versus $30,367 for females. The city's per capita income was $19,962. About 22.5% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.9% of those under the age of 18 and 18.3% of those age 65 or over.[30]

Religion[edit]

The Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies published data showing that in 2010, among metro areas with a greater than one million population, Birmingham had the second highest ratio of Christians, and the greatest ratio of Protestant adherents, in the United States.[31][32]

The Southern Baptist Convention has 673 congregations and 336,000 members in the Birmingham Metro area. The United Methodists have 196 congregations and 66,759 members. The headquarters of the Presbyterian Church in America had been in Birmingham until the early 1980s; the PCA has more than 30 congregations and almost 15,000 members in the Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan area with megachurches like Briarwood Presbyterian Church. The National Baptist Convention has 126 congregations and 69,800 members.[33]

The city is home to the Roman CatholicDiocese of Birmingham, covering 39 counties and comprising 75 parishes and missions as well as seven Catholic high schools and nineteen elementary schools; there are also two Eastern Catholic parishes in the Birmingham area.[34] Additionally, the Catholic television network EWTN is headquartered in metropolitan Birmingham. There are three Eastern Orthodox Churches in the Metro Area as well, Greek, Russian and American. There is also a Unitarian Universalist church in the Birmingham area.

The main campus of the Church of the Highlands is located in Birmingham. The church operates schools and churches across Alabama.[35]

Economy[edit]

From Birmingham's early days onward, the steel industry has always played a crucial role in the local economy. Though the steel industry no longer has the same prominence it once held in Birmingham, steel production and processing continue to play a key role in the economy. Steel products manufacturers American Cast Iron Pipe Company (ACIPCO) and McWane are based in the city. Several of the nation's largest steelmakers, including CMC Steel, U.S. Steel, and Nucor, also have a major presence in Birmingham. In recent years, local steel companies have announced about $100 million worth of investment in expansions and new plants in and around the city. Vulcan Materials Company, a major provider of crushed stone, sand, and gravel used in construction, is also based in Birmingham.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Birmingham's economy was transformed by investments in bio-technology and medical research at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and its adjacent hospital. The UAB Hospital is a Level I trauma center providing health care and breakthrough medical research. UAB is now the area's largest employer and the second largest in Alabama with a workforce of about 18,750 as of 2011.[36] Health care services providers HealthSouth, Surgical Care Affiliates and Diagnostic Health Corporation are also headquartered in the city. Caremark Rx was also founded in the city.

Birmingham is also a leading banking center, serving as home to two major banks: Regions Financial Corporation and BBVA Compass. SouthTrust, another large bank headquartered in Birmingham, was acquired by Wachovia in 2004. The city still has major operations as one of the regional headquarters of Wachovia, which itself is now part of Wells Fargo Bank. In November 2006, Regions Financial merged with AmSouth Bancorporation, which was also headquartered in Birmingham. They formed the 8th largest U.S. bank (by total assets). Nearly a dozen smaller banks are also headquartered in the Magic City, such as Superior Bank and Cadence Bank. As of 2009, the finance & banking sector in Birmingham employed 1,870 financial managers, 1,530 loan officers, 680 securities commodities and financial services sales agents, 380 financial analysts, 310 financial examiners, 220 credit analysts, and 130 loan counselors.[37] While Birmingham has seen major change-ups with its banking industry, it was still the 9th largest banking hub in the United States by the amount of locally headquartered deposits in 2012.[38] A 2014 study found that the city moved down a spot to the 10th largest banking center.[39]

The telephone company that is now owned by AT&T Inc., which was formerly BellSouth and before that South Central Bell, which had its headquarters in Birmingham, has a major nexus in Birmingham, supported by a skyscraper downtown as well as several large operational center buildings and a data center.

The insurance companies Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama, Protective Life, Infinity Property & Casualty, ProAssurance, and Liberty National have their headquarters in Birmingham, and these employ a large number of people in Greater Birmingham.

Birmingham is also a powerhouse of construction and engineering companies, including BE&K, Brasfield & Gorrie, Robins & Morton, and B.L. Harbert International which routinely are included in the Engineering News-Record lists of top design and international construction firms.[40][41]

Two of the largest soft-drink bottlers in the United States, each with more than $500 million in sales per year, are located in Birmingham. The Buffalo Rock Company, founded in 1901, was formerly a maker of just ginger ale, but now it is a major bottler for the Pepsi Cola Company. The Coca-Cola Bottling Company, United, founded in 1902, is the third-largest bottler of Coca-Cola products in the U.S.

Birmingham has seen a noticeable decrease in the number of Fortune 500 companies headquartered in the city, due to mergers, moves, and buy-outs. In 2000, there were 10 Fortune 500 companies headquartered in the city, while in 2014 there was only 1, Regions Bank. Birmingham also used to be home to more than 30 publicly traded companies, but in 2011 there were only 15.[42] This number has increased since then, but not significantly. Some companies, like Zoe's Kitchen were founded and operated in Birmingham, but moved their headquarters prior to going public,[43] even after saying they would stay in their home state.[44] Birmingham has been on a rebound, though, with the growth of companies like HealthSouth, Alabama Power Company, Hibbett Sports, Autocar Company, and Books-A-Million. Food companies such as Chester's, Jack's, Grapico, Golden Flakes, Red Diamond, Milo's Hamburgers, and Yogurt Mountain are also based in Birmingham.

The Birmingham metropolitan area has consistently been rated as one of America's best places to work and earn a living based on the area's competitive salary rates and relatively low living expenses. One study published in 2006 by Salary.com determined that Birmingham was second in the nation for building personal net worth, based on local salary rates, living expenses, and unemployment rates.[45]

A 2006 study by web site bizjournals.com[46] calculated Birmingham's "combined personal income" (the sum of all money earned by all residents of an area in a year) at $48.1 billion.[47]

Birmingham's sales tax, which also applies fully to groceries, stands at 10 percent and is the highest tax rate of the nation's 100 largest cities.[48][49]

Although Jefferson County's bankruptcy filing was the largest government bankruptcy in U.S. history in 2011, Birmingham remains solvent.[50]

In 2014, Birmingham's largest public companies by market capitalization were Regions Bank (RF, $14.61 billion), Vulcan Materials (VMC, $8.45 billion), Energen (EGN, $6.47 billion), Protective Life (PL, $5.47 billion), and HealthSouth (HLS, $3.15 billion).[51] All were listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Since then, though, Energen has sold one of its largest subsidiaries, Alagasco, and Protective Life was bought by the Japanese company Dai-Ichi and removed from stock exchanges. If Alabama Power was considered independent of the Southern Company (headquartered in Atlanta), it would be the largest company with more than $5.9 billion in revenue in 2014.[52]

In 2015, Birmingham's largest private companies by annual revenue and employees were O'Neal Industries ($2.66 billion; 550 employees), EBSCO Industries ($2.5 billion; 1,220 employees), Drummond Co, Inc. ($2.4 billion; 1,380 employees), Brasfield & Gorrie, LLC ($2.2 billion; 973 employees), and McWane Inc. ($1.7 billion, 620 employees).[53]

Culture[edit]

Birmingham is the cultural and entertainment capital of Alabama with numerous art galleries in the area including the Birmingham Museum of Art, the largest art museum in the Southeast. Downtown Birmingham is currently experiencing a cultural and economic rejuvenation, with several new independent shops and restaurants opening in the area. Birmingham is also home to the state's major ballet, opera, and symphony orchestra companies such the Alabama Ballet,[54]Alabama Symphony Orchestra, Birmingham Ballet, Birmingham Concert Chorale, and Opera Birmingham.

  • The historic Alabama Theatre hosts film screenings, concerts and performances.
  • The Alys Stephens Center for the Performing Arts is home to Alabama Symphony Orchestra and Opera Birmingham as well as several series of concerts and lectures. It is located on the campus of the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
  • The Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Complex (BJCC), houses a theater, concert hall, exhibition halls, and a sports and concert arena. The BJCC is home to the Birmingham Children's Theatre,[55] one of the oldest and largest children's theatres in the country, and hosts major concert tours and sporting events. Adjacent to the BJCC is the Sheraton Birmingham, the largest hotel in the state. A new Westin Hotel anchors the nearby Uptown entertainment district of downtown Birmingham, which opened in 2013.[56]
  • The historic Carver Theatre, home of the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame, offers concerts, plays, jazz classes (free to any resident of the state of Alabama) and many other events in the Historic 4th Avenue District, near the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute.
  • The Birmingham Public Library, the downtown hub of a 40-branch metro library system, presents programs for children and adults.
  • Boutwell Auditorium (formerly Municipal Auditorium) is located at Linn Park.
  • Oak Mountain Amphitheater is a large outdoor venue with two stages, located in the suburb of Pelham just south of Birmingham.

Other entertainment venues in the area include:

  • Birmingham CrossPlex/Fair Park Arena, on the west side of town, hosts sporting events, local concerts and community programs.
  • Workplay[57] located in the Southside community, is a multi-purpose facility with offices, audio and film production space, a lounge, and a theater and concert stage for visiting artists and film screenings.
  • Sidewalk Moving Picture Festival, a celebration of new independent cinema in downtown Birmingham, was named one of TIME magazines "Film Festivals for the Rest of Us" in their June 5, 2006 issue.
  • The Wright Center Concert Hall, a 2,500-seat facility at Samford University is home to the Birmingham Ballet.

Birmingham's nightlife is primarily clustered around Five Points South and Lakeview. In addition, a $55-million "Uptown" entertainment district has recently opened adjacent to the BJCC featuring a number of restaurants and a Westin hotel.

The Cultural Alliance of Greater Birmingham[58] maintains Birmingham365.org,[59] "a one-stop source for finding out what's going on where around" Birmingham.

See also: List of songs about Birmingham, Alabama

Museums[edit]

Birmingham is home to several museums. The largest is the Birmingham Museum of Art, which is also the largest municipal art museum in the Southeast. The area's history museums include Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, which houses a detailed and emotionally charged narrative exhibit putting Birmingham's history into the context of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement. It is located on Kelly Ingram Park adjacent to the 16th Street Baptist Church.

Other history museums include the Southern Museum of Flight, Bessemer Hall of History[60]Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark, Alabama Museum of Health Sciences, and the Arlington Home.

The Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame is housed in the historic Carver Theatre, and offers exhibits about the numerous notable jazz musicians from the state of Alabama.

The McWane Science Center is a regional science museum with hands-on science exhibits, temporary exhibitions, and an IMAX dome theater. The us bank visa apple pay also houses a major collection of fossil specimens for use by researchers. Other unique museums include the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame; the Barber Vintage Motorsports Museum, which contains the largest collection of motorcycles in the world; the Iron & Steel Museum of Alabama at Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park, near McCalla; the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame; and the Talladega Superspeedway International Motorsports Hall of Fame museum.

South of downtown, on Red Mountain, Vulcan Park features the world's largest cast iron statue, depicting Vulcan at his forge. It was cast for the 1904 St. Louis Exposition, and erected at Vulcan Park in 1938.

Festivals[edit]

Birmingham is home to numerous cultural festivals showcasing music, films, and regional heritage. Sidewalk Moving Picture Festival brings filmmakers from all over the world to Birmingham to have their films viewed and judged. This festival usually is scheduled in late August at eight venues around downtown. Screenings are concentrated at the Alabama Theatre.

Another musical festival is the Taste of 4th Avenue Jazz Festival, presented at the end of August each year, concurrent with the Sidewalk Moving Picture Festival. This all day festival features national and local jazz acts. In 2007, the festival drew an estimated 6,000 people. The Birmingham Folk Festival is an annual event held since 2006. It moved to Avondale Park in 2008. In 2009 the festival featured nine local bands and three touring "headliner bands".[61]

The Southern Heritage Festival began in the 1960s as a music, arts, and entertainment festival for the African-American community to attract mostly younger demographics. Do Dah Day is an annual pet parade held around the end of May. The Schaeffer Eye Center Crawfish Boil, an annual music festival event held in May to benefit local charities, always includes an all-star cast of talent. It typically draws more than 30,000 spectators for the annual two-day event. The annual Greek Festival, a celebration of Greek heritage, culture, and especially cuisine, is a charity fundraiser hosted by the Greek OrthodoxHoly Trinity - Holy Cross Cathedral. The Greek Festival draws 20,000 patrons annually.[62] The Lebanese Food Festival is held at St. Elias Maronite Church. Magic City Brewfest is an annual festival benefiting local grassroots organization, Free the Hops, and focusing on craft beer. Alabama Bound is an annual book and author fair that celebrates Alabama authors and publishers. Hosted by the Birmingham Public Library, it is an occasion when fans may meet their favorite authors, buy their books, and hear them read from and talk about their work. Book signings follow each presentation.

Other attractions[edit]

Vulcanon top of Red Mountain in Vulcan Park

The Vulcan statue is a cast iron representation of the Roman god of fire, united mileage credit card login, and blacksmiths that is the symbol of Birmingham. The statue stands high above the city looking down from a tower at the top of Red Mountain. Open to visitors, the tower offers views of the city below. The Birmingham Zoo is a large regional zoo with more than 700 animals and a recently opened interactive children's zoo.

The Birmingham Botanical Gardens is a 67 acre (270,000 m2) park displaying a wide variety of plants in interpretive gardens, including formal rose gardens, tropical greenhouses, and a large Japanese Garden. The facility also includes a white-tablecloth restaurant, meeting rooms, and an extensive reference library. It is complemented by Hoover's 30-acre (120,000 m2) Aldridge Botanical Gardens, an ambitious project open since 2002. Aldridge offers a place to stroll, but is to add unique displays in coming years. Splash Adventure (formerly VisionLand and Alabama Adventure) in Bessemer serves as the Birmingham area's water and theme park, featuring numerous slides, and water-themed attractions.

Kelly Ingram Park, site of notable civil rights protests and adjacent to historic 16th Street Baptist Church. Railroad Park opened in 2010 in downtown Birmingham's Railroad Reservation District. Oak Mountain State Park is about 10 miles (16 km) south of Birmingham. Red Mountain is one of the southernmost wrinkles in the Appalachian chain, and a scenic drive to the top provides views reminiscent of the Great Smoky Mountains further north. To the west of the city is located Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park, a 1,500-acre (6.1 km2) Civil War site which includes the well-preserved ruins of the Tannehill Iron Furnaces and the John Wesley Hall Grist Mill.

The Summit is an upscale lifestyle center with many stores and restaurants. It is located in Southeast Birmingham off of U.S. Highway 280, parallel to Interstate 459.

Cultural references[edit]

The folk song "Down in the Valley", also known as "Birmingham Jail", contains the lines, "Write me a letter, send it by mail; Send it in care of the Birmingham jail."

The song "Sweet Home Alabama" by Lynyrd Skynyrd contains the line "in Birmingham they love the governor".

The song "Black Betty" by Ram Jam contains the line "She's from Birmingham (bam-ba-lam) Way down in Alabam' (bam-ba-lam)".

Randy Newman wrote a song, titled "Birmingham", about a man living in this city. It was released as a track on his 1974 album Good Old Boys.

Birmingham is how to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 in "Playboy Mommy" by American singer-songwriter Tori Amos as well as in "Run, baby, run" by American singer-songwriter Sheryl Crow. The 1996 Amanda Marshall song "Birmingham" is about a woman looking for a better life outside the city and leaving her husband.

Sports[edit]

  • Birmingham has no major professional sport franchises. The Birmingham area is home to the Birmingham Barons, the AA minor league affiliate of the Chicago White Sox, which plays at Regions Field in the Southside adjacent to Railroad Park. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB Blazers) has a popular basketball program, and Samford University, located in Homewood, has basketball and football teams. The Hoover Metropolitan Stadium in the suburb of Hoover is home to the Southeastern Conference Baseball Tournament which drew more than 108,000 spectators in 2006. In 2019, Birmingham became home to the Birmingham Legion, a soccer team that competes in the USL Championship league. The Birmingham area also hosts the Alabama Alliance basketball and Tragic City Rollers roller derby teams.
  • March 6–8, 2009 Birmingham hosted the U.S.A vs. Switzerland first round tie of the Davis Cup. In which, U.S. won 4–1.
  • Birmingham was home to the Black Barons, a very successful Negro League team. The Black Barons played home games at Rickwood Field, which is still standing in the Rising-West Princeton neighborhood, and is the oldest baseball field in the US.[citation needed]
  • The city has had several pro football franchises. The only pro football team currently in Birmingham is the Alabama Outlawz of X-League Indoor Football. Other teams included the two-time champion WFL franchise, the Birmingham Americans/Birmingham Vulcans—before the league folded. A USFL franchise, the How to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 Stallions–once again the league folded. A WLAF franchise, the Birmingham Fire–the WLAF was renamed NFL Europa and the franchise became the Rhein Fire before the league folded altogether in 2007. A CFL franchise, the Birmingham Barracudas— would play one season and then fold as the league ended its American service credit union branches near me experiment. In the first iteration of the XFL, the Birmingham Thunderbolts played during the league's only season in 2001. In 2019 the Alliance of American Football included the Birmingham Iron, but the league folded before its first season concluded.
  • Birmingham's Legion Field has hosted several college football postseason bowl games, including the Dixie Bowl (1948–49), the Hall of Fame Classic (1977–85), the All-American Bowl (1986–90), the SEC Championship Game (1992–93), the SWAC Championship Game (1999–present), the Magic City Classic and, most recently, the BBVA Compass Bowl (formerly the Papajohns.com Bowl, 2006–present).
  • The Southeastern Conference, Southwestern Athletic Conference and Gulf South Conference are headquartered in Birmingham.
  • In 1996 Legion Field hosted early rounds of Olympic soccer where it drew record crowds. The field has also hosted men's and women's World Cup qualifiers and friendlies. A switch from natural grass to an artificial surface has left the stadium's role as a soccer venue in doubt.
  • Motorsports are very popular in the Birmingham area and across the state, and the area is home to numerous annual motorsport races. the Aaron's 499 & AMP Energy 500 are NASCARSprint Cup races that occur in April and October at the Talladega Superspeedway. The Indy Grand Prix of Alabama shares the Barber Motorsports Park road course with Superbike and sports car GrandAm races.[63]
  • The PGAChampions Tour has had a regular stop in the Birmingham area since 1992, with the founding of the Bruno's Memorial Classic, later renamed the Regions Charity Classic. In 2011 the tournament will be replaced by The Tradition, one of the Champions Tour's five "major" tour fifth third bank mortgage application has been selected to host the World Games in 2021. It will be the first time how to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 an American city has hosted the event since the inaugural games were held in Santa Clara, California in 1981.[64]
  • Birmingham was also a home of professional ice hockey teams. The Birmingham Bulls were a professional ice hockey team based in Birmingham, Alabama, US. They played in the World Hockey Association from 1976 to 1979 and the Central Hockey League from 1979 to 1981. The Bulls played their home games at the Birmingham Jefferson Convention Center. In 1992, another Birmingham hockey franchise was founded that used the Bulls name, the Birmingham Bulls of the East Coast Hockey League. This franchise was later sold to Atlantic City, NJ.
  • Recreational fishing is also immensely popular in the Birmingham area. Fish have been caught in 14 separate Alabama lakes which would be state records in 35 other states. Recently, Birmingham was named "Bass Capital of the World" by ESPN and Bassmaster magazine. Over the last several years, Birmingham has been home to numerous major fishing tournaments, including amazon customer service chat transcript Bass Masters Classic. Some of the more popular recreational lakes around Birmingham include: Smith Lake, Lay Lake, Lake Neely Henry, Lake Logan Martin, Lake Purdy, and Bankhead Reservoir.
  • The U.S. Paralympic Training Facility is located in Birmingham and was a primary filming location for the 2005 documentary film Murderball, about wheelchair rugby players.[65]
  • Road running events such as the Vulcan 10K Run[66] and Mercedes Marathon/Half Marathon are popular for both locals and out-of-state runners.
  • Cycling (both mountain biking and road) is popular in the area. Nearby Oak Mountain State Park annually hosts the Bump N' Grind mountain bike (1995–present) race[67] and the Xterra Southeast Championship triathlon as well as other endurance competitions.

Venues[edit]

Government[edit]

DistrictRepresentativePosition
1LaShunda Scales
2Kim Rafferty
3Valerie A. Abbott
4Will Parker
5Johnathan AustinPresident
6Sheila Tyson
7James E. Roberson, Jr.President Pro-Tem
8Steven Hoyt
9Marcus Lundy, Jr.

Birmingham has a strong-mayor variant mayor-council form of government, led by a mayor and a nine-member city council. The current system replaced the previous city commission government in 1962 (primarily as a way to remove Commissioner of Public Safety Eugene "Bull" Connor from power).[69]

See also: List of Mayors of Birmingham, Alabama and List of Birmingham neighborhoods

By Alabama law, an issue before a city council must be approved by a two-thirds majority vote (Act No. 452, Ala. Acts 1955, as supplemented by Act No. 294, Ala. Acts 1965). Executive powers are held entirely by the Mayor's Office. Birmingham's current Mayor is William A. Bell. Mayor Bell, who previously served as interim Mayor in 1999, won a special election on January 19, 2010, to fill the unexpired term of former Mayor Larry Langford. Langford was removed from office after being convicted of federal corruption charges on October 28, 2009.[70][71]

In 1974 Birmingham established a structured network of neighborhood associations and community advisory committees to insure public participation in governmental issues that affect neighborhoods. Neighborhood associations are routinely consulted on matters related to zoning changes, liquor licenses, economic development, policing and other city services. Neighborhoods are also granted discretionary funds from the city's budget to use for capital improvements. Each neighborhood's officers meet with their peers to form Community Advisory Committees which are granted broader powers over city departments. The presidents of these committees, in turn, form the Citizen's Advisory Board, which meets regularly with the mayor, council, and department heads. Birmingham is divided into a total of 23 communities, and again into a total of 99 individual neighborhoods with individual neighborhood associations.[72]

State and federal representation[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Birmingham. The main post office is located at 351 24th Street North in Downtown Birmingham.[73] Birmingham is also the home of the Social Security Administration's Southeastern Program Service Center. This center is one of only seven in the United States that process Social Security entitlement claims and payments. In addition, Birmingham is the home of a branch bank of the Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank.

Crime[edit]

Birmingham was ranked 425th in crime rate in the U.S. for 2012 by CQ Press.[74] The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area was ranked as having the 35th highest crime rate in the U.S., out of 347 MSAs ranked in 2011 by CQ Press.[75] The Birmingham metro area crime rate is in line with other southern MSAs such as Jacksonville, FL, and Charlotte, NC.[76] U.S. News & World Report ranked Birmingham as the third most dangerous city in the nation for 2011 (only Atlanta and St. Louis were ranked higher).[77] The A&E Network series, "The First 48" has filmed episodes with some of the city's homicide detectives.

The downtown district is patrolled by City Action Partnership (CAP), formed in 1995 to increase the perception of safety.

Education[edit]

The city of Birmingham is served by the Birmingham City Schools system. It is run by the Birmingham Board of Education with a current active enrollment of 30,500 in 62 schools: seven high schools, 13 middle schools, 33 elementary schools, and nine kindergarten-eighth-grade primary schools.

The Birmingham Public Library administers 21 branches throughout the city and is part of a wider system including another 19 suburban branches in Jefferson How to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019, serving the entire community to provide education and entertainment for all ages.[78]

The greater-Birmingham metropolitan area is the home of numerous independent school systems, because there has a been a great deal of fragmentation of educational systems in Alabama, and especially in Jefferson County. Some of these "school systems" only have three to five schools. The metropolitan area's three largest school systems are the Jefferson County School System, Birmingham City Schools, and the Shelby County School System. However, there are many, many smaller school systems.

The Birmingham area is reputed to be the home of some of Alabama's best high schools, colleges, and universities. In 2005, the Jefferson County International Baccalaureate School in Irondale, an eastern suburb of Birmingham, was rated as the No. 1 high school in America by Newsweek, a national publication. The school remains among the nation's top 5 high schools. Mountain Brook High School placed 250th on the list. Other local schools that have been rated among America's best in various publications include Homewood High School, Vestavia Hills High School and the Alabama School of Fine Arts located downtown. The metro area also has three highly regarded preparatory schools: Saint Rose Academy located in Birmingham proper The Altamont School, also located in Birmingham proper, and Indian Springs School in north Shelby County near Pelham.

Noteworthy institutions of higher education in greater Birmingham include the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Samford University (includes the Cumberland School of Law), Birmingham School of Law, Miles College, the independent Miles Law School, Jefferson State Community College, Birmingham-Southern College, University of Montevallo (in Shelby County), Lawson State Community College, and Virginia College in Birmingham, the largest career college based in Birmingham.

Media[edit]

Birmingham is served by one major newspaper, The Birmingham News (circulation 150,346), which changed from daily to thrice-weekly publication on October 1, 2012. The Birmingham News' Wednesday edition features six sub regional sections named East, Hoover, North, Shelby, South, and West that cover news stories from those areas. The newspaper has been awarded two Pulitzer Prizes, in 1991 and 2007. The Birmingham Post-Herald, the city's second daily, published its last issue in 2006. Other local publications include The North Jefferson News, The Leeds News, The Trussville Tribune (Trussville, Clay and Pinson), The Western Star (Bessemer) and The Western Tribune (Bessemer).

Black & White, Weld, Birmingham Weekly, and the Birmingham Free Press[79] are some of the free alternative publications that published in the past (all are now defunct). The Birmingham Times, a historic African-American newspaper, also is published weekly. Birmingham is served by the city magazine of the Chamber of Commerce, Birmingham magazine.

Birmingham is part of the Birmingham/Anniston/Tuscaloosa television market. The major television affiliates, most of which have their transmitters and studios located on Red Mountain in Birmingham, are WBRC 6 (Fox), WBIQ 10 (PBS), WVTM 13 (NBC), WTTO 21 (CW), WIAT 42 (CBS), WPXH 44 (ION), WBMA-LD 58/68.2 (ABC) and WABM 68 (MyNetworkTV).

Major broadcasting companies who own stations in the Birmingham market include Clear Channel, Cox Radio, Cumulus Media, and Crawford Broadcasting. The Rick and Bubba show, which is syndicated to over 25 stations primarily in the Southeast, originates from Birmingham's WZZK-FM. The Paul Finebaum sports-talk show, also syndicated and carried nationwide on Sirius digital radio, originated from WJOX.

Birmingham is home to EWTN (Eternal Word Television Network), the world's largest Catholic media outlet and largest religious network of any kind broadcasting to about 150 million homes worldwide, as of 2009.[80]

See also List of television stations in Alabama
See also List of radio stations in Alabama

Infrastructure[edit]

Urban planning in Birmingham[edit]

Before the first structure was built in Birmingham, the plan of the city was laid out over a total of 1,160 acres (4.7 km2) by the directors of the Elyton Land Co. The streets were numbered from west to east, leaving Twentieth Street to form the central spine of downtown, anchored on the north by Capital Park and stretching into the slopes of Red Mountain to the south. A "railroad reservation" was granted through the center of the city, running east to west and zoned solely for industrial uses. As the city grew, bridges and underpasses separated the streets from the railroad bed, lending this central reservation some of the impact of a river (without the pleasant associations of a waterfront). From the start, Birmingham's streets and avenues were unusually wide at 80 to 100 feet (24 to 30 m), purportedly to help evacuate unhealthy smoke.

In the early 20th century coldwell banker careers planners helped lay out many of the new industrial settlements and company towns in the Birmingham District, including Corey (now Fairfield) which was developed for the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company (subsequently how to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 by U.S. Steel). At the same time, a movement to consolidate several neighboring cities gained momentum. Although local referendums indicated mixed feelings about annexation, the Alabama legislature enacted an expansion of Birmingham's corporate limits that became effective on January 1, 1910.

The Robert Jemison company how to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 many residential neighborhoods to the south and west of Birmingham which are still renowned for their aesthetic quality.

A 1924 plan for a system of parks, commissioned from the Olmsted Brothers is seeing renewed interest with several significant new parks and greenways under development. Birmingham officials have approved a City Center Master Plan developed by Urban Design Associates of Pittsburgh, which advocates strongly for more residential development in the downtown mack real estate group. The plan also called for a major park over several blocks of the central railroad city bank lubbock texas phone number Railroad Park, which opened in 2010. Along with Ruffner Mountain Park and Red Mountain Park, Birmingham ranks first in the United States for public green space per resident.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by four Interstate Highways: Interstate 20, How to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 65, Interstate 59, and Interstate 22, as well as a southern bypass expressway Interstate 459, which connects with I-20/59 to the southwest, with I-65 the south, I-20 to the costco almaden expressway san jose, and I-59 to the northeast. Beginning in downtown Birmingham is the "Elton B. Stephens Expressway"—the Red Mountain Expressway to the southeast—which carries both U.S. Highway 31 and U.S. Highway 280 to, through, and over Red Mountain. Interstate 22 is on the verge of completion between Birmingham and Memphis, Tennessee, lacking only the final three to four miles that will connect it with I-65 just north of the Birmingham city limits. Construction has begun on the first segment of I-422, a Northern Beltline Highway that will serve the suburbs on the opposite side of Birmingham from I-459.

In the area of metropolitan public transportation, Birmingham is served by the Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority (BJCTA) bus, trolley, and paratransit system, which from 1985 until 2008 was branded the Metro Area Express (MAX). BJCTA also operates a "downtown circulator" service called "D A R T" (Downtown Area Runabout Transit), which consists of two routes in the central business district and one in the UAB area.[81] Bus service to other cites is provided by Greyhound Lines.[82]Megabus also offers bus service to Atlanta and Memphis.[83]

Birmingham is served by the Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport. This airport serves more than 3 million passengers every year. With more than 160 flights daily, the airport offers flights to 37 cities across the United States. Commercial passenger service through Birmingham is provided by United Express, Delta Air Lines/Delta Connection, American Eagle, US Airways Express, and Southwest Airlines.

Birmingham is served by three major railroad freight companies: the Norfolk Southern Company, CSX Transportation, and the BNSF Railway. All three of these have major railroad yards in the metro area. Smaller regional railroads such as the Alabama Warrior Railway and the Birmingham Southern Railroad also freight customers in Birmingham. Amtrak's Crescent connects Birmingham with the cities and towns of Washington D.C. (and points northeast and northwest of that), Greensboro, NC, Charlotte, NC, Greenville, SC, Atlanta, GA, Anniston, AL, Tuscaloosa, ALMeridian, MS, Hattiesburg, MS, and New Orleans, LA. For the past several decades, the only passenger railroad service in Birmingham has been the Amtrak Crescent, with one train eastbound and one train westbound daily from the Birmingham Station.

Utilities[edit]

The water for Birmingham and the intermediate urbanized area is served by the Birmingham Water Works Board (BWWB). A public authority that was established in 1951, the BWWB serves all of Jefferson, northern Shelby, western St. Clair counties. The largest reservoir for BWWB is Lake Purdy, which is located on the Jefferson and Shelby County line, but has several other reservoirs including Bayview Lake in western Jefferson County. There are plans to pipeline water from Inland Lake in Blount County and Lake Logan Martin, but those plans are on hold indefinitely.

Jefferson County Environmental Services serves the Birmingham metro area with sanitary sewer service. Sewer rates have increased in recent years[84] after citizens concerned with pollution in area waterways filed a lawsuit that resulted in a federal consent decree to repair an aging sewer system. Because the estimated cost of the consent decree was approximately three times more than the original estimate, many blame the increased rates on corruption of several Jefferson County officials.[84] The sewer construction and bond-swap agreements continue to be a controversial topic in the area.[84]

Electric power is provided primarily by Southern Company-subsidiary, Alabama Power. However, some of the surrounding area such as Bessemer and Cullman are provided by TVA. Bessemer also operates its own water and sewer system.[85] Natural gas is provided by Alagasco, although some metro area cities operate their own natural gas services. The local telecommunications are provided by AT&T. Cable television service is provided by Bright House Networks within the cities of Birmingham and Irondale, and Charter Communications in the rest of metro area.

[edit]

Main article: List of people from Birmingham, Alabama

Sister cities[edit]

Birmingham's Sister Cities program is overseen by the Birmingham Sister Cities Commission.[86]

  • JapanHitachi, Ibaraki, Japan since 1983
  • ZimbabweGweru, Zimbabwe
  • HungarySzékesfehérvár, Hungary since 2001[87]
  • ItalyPomigliano d'Arco, Italy
  • UkraineVinnytsia, Ukraine since 2003
  • ChinaAnshan, Liaoning, China
  • Czech RepublicPlzeň, Czech Republic since 2005
  • JordanAl Karak, Jordan
  • GhanaWinneba, Ghana since November 15, 2009
  • SenegalGuédiawaye, Senegal since 2005
  • IsraelRosh Haayin, Israel (Friendship City) since 2005
  • JapanMaebashi, Japan (Friendship City)
  • ChinaChaoyang District, Beijing, China (Friendship City)
  • GuatemalaCobán, Guatemala (Partners for the Americas)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^Prior to the 2020 census, Birmingham was the most populous city in Alabama
  2. ^Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  3. ^Official records for Birmingham kept April 1895 to December 1929 at the Weather Bureau Office and at Birmingham Int'l since January 1930. For more information, see Threadex.

References[edit]

  1. ^"2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ ab"2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  3. ^ ab"QuickFacts: Birmingham city, Alabama". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  4. ^Pickett, Albert James; Owen, Thomas McAdory (2003) [1851]. History of Alabama, and Incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi, from the Earliest Period. 1. Montgomery, Ala.: River City Publishing. p. 391. ISBN . Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2012.Alt URL
  5. ^The Most Segregated City in America: City Planning and Civil Rights in Birmingham, 1920–1980, p. 14.
  6. ^Lewis, David. "Birmingham Iron and Steel companies". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  7. ^Atkins, Leah Rawls (1981). The Valley and the Hills: An Illustrated History of Birmingham & Jefferson County. Windsor Publications. ISBN .
  8. ^Cohen, Adam (July 21, 1997). "Back to "Bombingham"". TIME. Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
  9. ^Clayborne Carson "King Maker", American Heritage, Winter 2010.
  10. ^Civil Rights Movement Veterans. "The Birmingham Campaign".
  11. ^"encyclopediaofalabama.org". encyclopediaofalabama.org. May 12, 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2012.
  12. ^ ab"Birmingham (city), Alabama". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  13. ^"Alabama – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". Census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  14. ^Dugan, Kelli M. (July 14, 2006). "Big ideas". Birmingham Business Journal. Retrieved November 9, 2006.
  15. ^"Highland Park in Birmingham". American Planning Assoc. website. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birmingham,_Alabama

Smith county property tax rate



smith county property tax rate org DA: 22 PA: 36 MOZ Rank: 60 Property Records Search Property Taxes Smith County, TX. SEE Detailed property tax report for 216 W Emma St, Smith County, TX. You may register your vehicle at any of the following Substations (auto registration only): 1. Property Tax Rates in Smith County, TX IGAF. 0. 36% of a property's assessed fair market value as property tax. Front St. 2018. Popular in County of Smith. $1,391. 00 per year, based on a median home value of $73,600. Tyler, Texas 75702-7822 Collecting Unit Smith County Consolidated Taxing Units Served 212-000-00 Smith County; 212-901-02 Arp Independent School District Nov 24, 2021 · How to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 Smith County Emergency Service District adopted a maintenance and operation tax rate of $. Pay Traffic Ticket. Texas is ranked 1031st of the 3143 counties in the United States, in order of the median amount of property taxes collected. 2016. com to pay their tax bills, print their tax bills or to check their status. Propertyshark. That's the highest in Arkansas, but it's still below the 1. usps office open today We’ve made many property tax loans to property owners in Smith County, Texas. 82%. Apply for Medicaid. 76% of property value. Nov 26, 2021 · SMITH COUNTY APPRAISER 218 S GRANT ST, STE # 6 SMITH CENTER, KS 66967. Plus, the owner pays 7 percent interest for each year from the date the taxes would have been due. The Smith County Tax Office will accept cash, personal checks, cashiers checks, credit card checks and money orders made payable to Smith County Tax Assessor-Collector. When contacting Deaf Smith County about your property taxes, make sure that you are contacting the correct office. Mailing Address P. Smith County collects relatively low property taxes, and is ranked in the bottom half of all counties in the United Jun 23, 2020 · Recognizing the economic hardships that many citizens in Smith County have had to endure through COVID-19, the initial draft budget seeks to lower the property tax rate from 34. Pay Property Taxes. 00 and a median effective property tax rate of 0. Welcome to the SMITH County, Mississippi online record search. The county tax is collected in addition to state tax and any other local taxes (city, transit and special-purpose district) as applicable. Substations. 1825 of the Texas Property Tax code concerning an Organization constructing or rehabilitating low-income housing - The capitalization rate will be 13%. Renew Business License. You can call the Deaf Smith County Tax Assessor's Office for assistance at 806-363-7044. Jul 30, 2019 · The Smith County Commissioners Court is considering Tuesday morning a proposed increase in the property tax rate. 7300. Search by any combination of these. net Telephone: 785-282-5100 Fax: 785-686-4014 Office Hours Monday - Friday The average homeowner in Pulaski County pays first national bank severna park per year in property taxes, which works out to an effective property tax rate of 0. 2, located in Smith County, which has a county sales and use tax, voted to adopt a sales and use tax at three different rates within the district. 335000. They can also call the Smith County Tax Office at 903-590-2920 to check their status and request another bill be mailed to them. 5 cents per $100 to 33. Smith County, Tyler Junior College, and the cities of Lindale Smith County, Tennessee. 7311 cents Jan 10, 2020 · Smith County-Smith County property tax statements were mailed out in October. Nov 24, 2021 · The Smith County Emergency Service District adopted a maintenance and operation tax rate of $. You may also pay by credit card online. The median property tax (also known as real estate tax) in Deaf Smith County is $1,298. The median property tax (also known as real estate tax) in Smith County is $653. Deaf Smith County collects very high property taxes, and is among the top 25% of counties in the United States ranked by property tax Smith CAD 245 SSE Loop 323 Tyler, TX 75702 Phone: (903) 510-8600 Fax: (903) 510-8621 The median property tax in Deaf Smith County, Texas is $1,298 per year for a home worth the median value of $73,600. com DA: 21 PA: 43 MOZ Rank: first national bank severna park Jan 11, 2020 · Property tax appeal: Should you appeal your property’s assessed value in Smith County, Tennessee? House owners in Smith County are fully aware of the concern of real estate tax; those that have spent their lives in locations where these taxes are typically high feel the effect more than most. orgis your source for listings of the property taxes throughout the country, including information about property tax records and local zoning rules. Aug 13, 2021 · The Smith County Tax Records/Tax Payments accepts the following types of credit cards ; Property taxes and auto registrations can also be paid or renewed through the mail: Smith County Tax Office, P. 11. 50% convenience fee if taxes are paid by credit card. com DA: 21 PA: 43 MOZ Rank: 82 Aug 25, 2018 · The biggest tax increase will come from Smith County: The Smith County Commissioners Court has proposed raising the property tax rate from 33 cents per $100 of property valuation to 33. 13% (2294th of 3143) 0. Smith County collects relatively low property taxes, and is ranked in the bottom half of all counties in the United 2. Jan 11, 2020 · Property tax dispute: Should you appeal your property assessment in Smith County, Tennessee? House owners in Smith County are completely knowledgeable about the burden of property taxes; those that have spent their lives in locations where these taxes are generally high feel the impact more than most. 5 percent sales and use tax rate unless indicated with an asterisk (*). The median property tax (also known as real estate tax) in Smith County is $1,607. Taxpayers are encouraged to go online at publictax. Aug 25, 2018 · The biggest tax increase will come from Smith County: The Smith County Commissioners Court has proposed raising the property tax rate from 33 cents per $100 of property valuation to 33. Pay Parking Citation. 07% national average. Smith-County Property Tax Records. Calhoun County Office 20859 Central Avenue East, Room 107 Blountstown, FL 32424 Monday - Friday: 8:00am-4:00pm. com Website: www. 05% (2282nd of 3143) Note: This page provides general information about property taxes in Smith County. Box 2011, Tyler, Texas 75710. 502. To administer the three sales tax rates, the three parts of the district are described below with the appropriate local code and tax rate: Property Tax Rates in Smith County, TX IGAF. Read More. Smith County collects, on average, 1. Sep 06, 2020 · On Tuesday, the Smith County Commissioners Court is expected to vote on cutting the property tax rate down a full penny — from 34. COUNTY. Sep 08, 2020 · Email: [email protected] This search engine will return property tax, appraisal and other information of record in SMITH County. com DA: 21 PA: 43 MOZ Rank: 82 If you qualify for the Over-65 Exemption, there is a property tax “ceiling” that automatically limits School taxes to the amount you paid in the year that you qualified for the homestead and Over-65 exemption. Smith County 2018 property taxes are estimated to total $3. In addition, the District adopted a $15,937,094 budget for Fiscal Year 2021-2022. Smith County. The primary expenditures funded by The median property tax (also known as real estate tax) in Deaf Smith County is $1,298. Email: [email protected] Smith County Tax Search. 5 cents — for the 2021 fiscal year. 56 ± 0. To begin your search, choose one of the links below. Smith County Judge Nathaniel Moran is suggesting the rate be raised from 33. The median property tax in Smith County, Texas is $1,607 per year for a home worth the median value of $118,000. For property that qualifies for an exemption under Sec. Remember to have your property's Tax ID Number or Parcel Number available when you call! Smith County Tax Assessor - Collector 212 Sylvarena Avenue Raleigh, MS 39153 Smith County Assessor Phone Number (601) 782-9803 Propertytax101. 56% of property value. What is the property tax rate in Smith County TX? Median Income In. O. Smith County, Texas. Tyler, Texas 75702-7822 Collecting Unit Smith County Consolidated Taxing Units Served 212-000-00 Smith County; 212-901-02 Arp Independent School District Welcome to the SMITH County, Mississippi online record search. The average yearly property tax paid by Deaf Smith County residents amounts to about 2. Renew Pet License. 2015. Real Estate Details: Property taxes and auto registrations can also be paid or renewed through the mail: Smith County Tax Office, P. Looking for the best property tax reduction consultant in Smith County Texas to help you with property tax appeal? Browse HouseCashin’s directory of 68 Smith County top tax advisors and easily inquire online about their property tax protest consulting services. 2019. com DA: 21 PA: 43 MOZ Rank: 82 Jan 10, 2020 · Smith County-Smith County property tax statements were mailed out in October. 068633 per $100 of valuation for the 2021 tax year at a special meeting held on September 13, 2021 at 205 Shelly Drive Tyler, Texas 75701. 4% including homestead exemptions. 00 per year, based on a median home value of $117,400. In Texas, 124 counties impose a county sales and use tax for property tax relief. Go to our side option, Pay Property Taxes, for the Smith County, Tennessee. 5 cents per $100 valuation to 33. For more information please visit Smith County's Assessor and Trustee or look up this property's current valuation or tax situation. 2020. Smith County, Tyler Junior College, and the cities of Lindale Jan 10, 2020 · Smith County-Smith County property tax statements were mailed out in October. Deaf Smith County collects very high property taxes, and is among the top 25% of counties in the United States ranked by property tax The total market value of real property and personal property in Smith County in 2018 was $45,000,000,000. Jun 23, 2020 · Recognizing the economic hardships that many citizens in Smith County have had to endure through COVID-19, the initial draft budget seeks to lower the property tax rate from 34. In-depth Smith County, TN Property Tax Information; In order to determine the tax bill, your local tax assessor’s office takes into account the property’s assessed value, the current assessment rate, as well as any tax exemptions or abatements for that property. =. 7311 cents to 34. You can learn more about rental properties, surveyor records, and the top-rated property taxes near Smith County, Pnc online bill pay login on our income tax rates directory. 3 million, based on an effective tax rate of 2. 76% of a property's assessed fair market value as property tax. One of Moran’s reasons behind the proposed increase is budget increases for the sheriff’s office and jail. 2. . Property Taxes Smith County, TX. Notice About 2021 Tax Rates 50-212. You will be charged a 2. In addition to Bexar County and the Flood Control Fund, the Office of Albert Uresti, Bexar County Tax Assessor-Collector, has a contractual agreement to collect and disburse property taxes for 56 separate taxing jurisdictions. 00 per year, based on a median home value of $118,000. 00 and a median effective property tax rate of 1. 28 ± 0. Jan 11, 2020 · Property tax appeal: Should you appeal your property’s assessed value in Smith County, Tennessee? House owners in Smith County are fully aware of the concern of real estate tax; those that have spent their lives in locations where these taxes are typically high feel the effect more than most. Actual taxes might differ from the figures displayed here due to various abatement and financial assistance programs or to non ad-valorem taxes. Jun 26, 2020 · Six months ago, Smith County Judge Nathaniel Moran was laying bank of eastman magnolia state bank ground work for a bond package to replace the county’s aging courthouse, the property tax rate. This decrease is anticipated to be below the No-New-Revenue Rate (formerly known as the “Effective Rate”), though the final Smith-County Property Tax Records. 5 cents. 36% of property value. If you find yourself needing help paying your property taxes, or have any questions regarding property taxes, feel free to give us a call at 866-PROP-TAX and one of our certified loan officers will be happy to assist you. Search by Last Name or Company Name, and/or, Tax Year. Drivers License hours: 8:00am–3:30pm The rollback tax is the difference between the taxes paid on the land's agricultural value and the taxes paid if the land had been taxed on its higher market value. Apr 08, 2021 · Get Answers! A History of Tyler and Smith County, Texas – Page 13 – The Portal to Texas History Search/Pay Property Taxes Online

Local police forces continue to buy military-grade equipment

FORT WORTH, Texas — A 4,500-pound Bobcat “Grapple Claw” was offloaded from a truck and dropped onto the downtown Fort Worth streets. The equipment, normally used by construction companies for demolition projects, was painted dark green with the Fort Worth Police Department’s logo emblazoned on the sides, with the word SWAT painted on the rear.


What You Need To Know

  • Tarrant County law enforcement agencies have received more than $4.3 million in military surplus equipment through a federal Department of Defense program over the last 20 years

  • As of June, there are 8,200 federal, state and local law enforcement agencies participating in the military surplus program, including 11 in Tarrant County

  • Agencies across the state of Texas have received $131 million worth of equipment — DFW accounts for about $12.1 million of that, including items such as mine-resistant vehicles (12 of them), night-vision equipment, storage units, canteens and coffee makers

  • For decades, the 1033 program has sent more than $7 billion worth of excess military equipment to more than 8,000 local law enforcement agencies across the country, according to the office overseeing the program. Several lawmakers on both sides of the aisle have called for its end

According to the company’s catalogue, “The Grapple Claw can be utilized to gain access to attics where suspects might be trying to hide or seek protection from the ground-level exposure.”

Accompanying the Grapple Claw were other pieces of powerful equipment, including an Oleoresin Capsicum capable of spraying high volumes of tear gas, a remote operation thermal imaging camera and other breaching tools commonly used in war.

The machines were part of a recent purchase using federal funds. Municipalities can obtain equipment from multiple federal government programs that provide support through grants or property transfers. These include the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Homeland Security Grant Program, the U.S. Department of Justice’s Justice Assistant Grant Program, the DOJ’s Equitable Sharing Program, the U.S. Department of the Treasury Forfeiture Fund’s Equitable Sharing Program and the General Services Administration Federal Surplus Personal Property Donation Program.

Also, many police departments procure military-style equipment from the commercial market using their own internal funds.

Tarrant County law enforcement agencies have received more than $4.3 million in military surplus equipment through a federal Department of Defense program over the last 20 years, according to federal records.

The equipment includes rifles, mine-resistant vehicles, armored trucks, firearm accessories and breech blocks.

As citizens in Fort Worth and around the country call for defunding and hotels near university at buffalo the police, few city and county police forces in Texas have changed any of their spending habits.

How do municipalities obtain military equipment?

One of the more controversial ways cities and counties can get their hands on military equipment is through the the federal 1033 or LESO program. Though Fort Worth didn’t use LESO to acquire its recently procured equipment, the program has become a symbol of the militarization of local police forces.

For decades, the 1033 program has sent more than $7 billion worth of excess military equipment to more than 8,000 local law enforcement agencies across the country, according to the office overseeing the program. Several lawmakers on both sides of the aisle have called for the program to end.

The 1033 program was instituted in 1997 under the Clinton administration amid pressure to bolster police forces’ ability to fight the war on drugs. It transfers the military’s extra or outdated gear to state and local authorities who apply for it, and who are responsible for only the cost of shipping.

Fort Worth and Arlington haven’t participated in the 1033 program for more than 20 years, but the Tarrant County Sheriff’s Office has had an account with the 1033 Program since 2011, though there are no records of any equipment ever being purchased. No military surplus equipment has been received or used under the purview of Sheriff Bill Waybourn.

When asked in 2014 about the program, then-Sheriff Dee Anderson said he had not applied for more equipment because “it’s not the bargain people think it is” and because the department didn’t think it was necessary to have those items.

“It looks really good on the front end,” he told the Star-Telegram at the time. “The military is giving you something free. But once you look at the upkeep, the maintenance, the cost of keeping up with it winds up costing you.”

The program has been heavily criticized since the 2014 protests in Ferguson, Missouri, after a police officer fatally shot Michael Brown. Police roamed the streets in armored vehicles while carrying rifles. Similar images poured out of Minneapolis at the end of last May.

In 2015, then-President Barack Obama issued an executive order that banned police departments from using certain military equipment such as grenade launchers. In 2017, President Donald Trump removed those restrictions through an executive order.

In Tarrant County, $3.7 million worth of equipment covers mine-resistant armored vehicles — which were designed to protect soldiers from ambushes during the post-9/11 wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The vehicles are split between five police departments: Bedford, Benbrook, Mansfield, Southlake and Waxahachie, according to federal data about the program. The Bedford Police Department also has an armored truck worth about $65,000.

As of June, there are 8,200 federal, state and local law enforcement agencies participating in the program, including 11 in Tarrant County.

Agencies across the state of Texas have received $131 million worth of equipment — DFW accounts for about $12.1 million of that, including items such as mine-resistant vehicles (12 of them), night-vision equipment, storage units, canteens and coffee makers.

Fort Worth protesters who have walked across downtown and the West 7th District since May 31 created a petition to defund police, which includes a provision removing police access to rifles, shotguns, riot gear, armored vehicles and night observation goggles.

Refund the police?

One year after the movement to “defund” law enforcement began to upend municipal budgets, many American cities are restoring money to their police departments or proposing to spend more.

In the nation’s 20 largest local law-enforcement agencies, city and county leaders want funding increases for nine of the 12 departments where next year’s budgets already have been proposed. The increases range from 1% to nearly 6%.

Many U.S. cities are led by Democrats who supported protesters’ calls to defund the police — a term that activists have used in different ways, including not only to push for simply shrinking the size of police forces but also shifting resources from law enforcement to social services. The demonstrations, led by Black Lives Matter and allied groups, followed the murder of George Floyd by a Minneapolis police officer last year.

But city officials have found it difficult to keep police budgets down after seeing a rise in crime over the past year, with murder rates up by double digits in many cities. In the last three months of 2020, homicides rose 32.2% in cities with a population of at least one million, according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Quarterly Uniform Crime Report. Law enforcement officials and criminologists say pandemic stress and a police pullback amid protests are likely contributors.

Last year, the defund movement coincided with a drop in tax revenue caused by COVID-19 shutdowns. With the pandemic fading, many local governments now have more resources due to an economic revival and federal stimulus dollars. Some city officials and law-enforcement leaders also note that changes intended to reform policing, such as enhanced training for officers, can be costly to implement. And some neighborhood groups are worried about police cuts amid the rise in crime.

Last summer, nearly half of 258 police agencies surveyed by the Police Executive Research Forum, a Washington, D.C., think tank, said their budgets had been cut or were likely to be cut. The cuts hit purchases of new police equipment hardest, followed by training, hiring new officers and overtime spending, the survey found.

According to Interrupting Criminalization, an initiative at the Barnard Center for Research on Women that supports defunding the police, organizers successfully pushed for $840 million in police spending cuts across the U.S., and $160 million in shifts to other social programs. Cities cut another $35 million by canceling contracts with police departments to patrol schools, the center said.

The figures represent a sliver of the approximately $100 billion spent every year on the country’s 18,000 law-enforcement agencicies.

Texas murder rates are increasing

Homicides spiked across all the major cities in Texas in 2020 regardless of whether or not local governments increased or decreased police department funding, city data on crime indicates.

All five major cities in the state reported dramatic increases in homicides in 2020. Only Austin and Dallas decreased police department funding, redirecting it elsewhere.

In 2020, Austin homicides increased to the highest the state’s capital had seen in 20 years.

Dallas ended 2020 with 251 murders, the highest murder rate it reported in 15 how to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 Fort Worth, the city saw a 58% increase in homicides from 2019, the worst in 25 years. Houston reported 400 murders in 2020, a 42% increase from 2019. In San Antonio, homicides increased 22% to 128 from the previous year of 105, after experiencing a three-year drop.

The Wall Street Journal reported that Austin, Fort Worth, and San Antonio had the first- third- and fourth-highest homicide increases in the U.S. in 2020.

EDITOR’S NOTE: We updated this story with details about other sources of federal funding for police departments and re-emphasized that Fort Worth did not acquire any equipment using the LESO program. (July 19, 2021)

Источник: https://spectrumlocalnews.com/tx/south-texas-el-paso/news/2021/07/15/local-police-forces-continue-to-buy-military-grade-equipment-

How to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019 -

(936) 295-6371 . 19, reaching speeds of up to 123 miles per hour before he crashed into a snowbank while Published 12:23 am Saturday, January 25, 2020. Jefferson County was made in the year of 1835, and was later organized in 1837. A woman that was driving the wrong way on Eastex Freeway striking a Jefferson County. The following individuals were indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury this week: Sadante Deshawn Provost, 19, of … Found insideA collection of Courtney's columns Jefferson County Criminal Records are documents that list an individual's criminal history in Jefferson County, Texas. jefferson county texas indictments 2020. Brocato, 65, both of Beaumont, Texas, were named in a seven-count indictment charging them with conspiracy Jefferson County, Texas, a county adjoining Chambers County, Texas, and before the presentment of this indictment, Zena Collins Stephens, while a candidate, did then and there, knowingly accept from a contributor, namely: Larry Tillery, in a reporting period a political contribution in cash that exceeded $100, namely: $5,000. dumped into a trash can Sep 11, 2021 · jefferson county texas indictments September 11, 2021 Uncategorized %Gp-+ 0. injury or death. Oct 14, 2020 · The indictments were announced by Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. District Court Judges • • • Note: The Jefferson County Circuit Court Clerk disclaims any warranties as to the validity of the information obtained from this site. 102. C. The County does not warrant the accurancy, authority, completeness, usefulness, timeliness, or fitness for a JEFFERSON COUNTY (409) 835-8432. How to reach us. 00 in cash, - Published 12:23 am Saturday, January 25, 2020. Brown today. Nov 04, 2021 · Anthony Drakes, 44, was one of 12 people indicted by the November term of the Jefferson County grand jury. 3rd Ave Corsicana, Texas 75110. Main: 409-835-8475 Option 1 or 409-835-8760 Fax: 409-839-2394 Email: [email protected] Jefferson County Indictments. During much of the eighteenth century, Spain and France contested the ownership of Jefferson County equally. 52-year-old Sylvia Ortiz died August 28, 2020, at a local hospital in Texas City. Jefferson County Criminal Records are documents that list an individual's criminal history in Jefferson County, Texas. This … Verified: 1 week ago Jefferson County. The following individuals were indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury this week: Sadante Deshawn Provost, 19, of … Found insideA collection of Courtney's columns Crime statistics for Jefferson County, TX. Simmons, 36, of 806 South St. After speaking with Bell, investigators recovered the firearm and determined that Bell had possessed it. Political News, Texas Elections Voting, Texas Legislature, Texas GOP, Michael "David Bellow" Jr blog, Ted Cruz Jefferson County, Texas. The following individuals were indicted by a Jefferson County grand jury this week: Sadante Deshawn Provost, 19, of … Found insideA collection of Courtney's columns A Jefferson County, Texas grand jury indicted a woman on a charge of intoxication manslaughter after police say she was more than twice the legal limit for blood-alcohol content (BAC) when she crashed her car, killing her 3-year-old daughter. U. *Note that the completion of deferred adjudication is not a disqualifying "conviction". The property crime rate of Jefferson County went down by almost 10% from 2018 to 2019, to result in 360 complaints in the more recent year, as compared to the 380 incident reports filed in the previous year. Texas State District Judge Layne Walker, a Democrat, is at the center of many of the stories of corruption in Jefferson County and Beaumont, TX and has had several lawsuits filed against him. Jamie Smith. The slow development of social interaction in Jefferson County is a segment of a much larger panorama, the growth of frontier America, with its isolated farmstead pattern, into a series of rural communities. 72-year old Ernest Joseph Sennett is accused of assaulting a 14-year. net CHARLES TOWN—A total of 31 indictments were returned by the Jefferson County Grand Jury Wednesday and Thursday including a man who was charged with DUI causing death , according to Jefferson County Prosecuting Attorney Matthew Harvey. 3 sq. Attorney’s Office May 20, 2010. Posted By on Sep 11, 2021

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(479) 575-7646 . Texas, 2017. 100% DISABLED VETERAN * Pursuant to Texas Property Tax Code, Sec. Agricultural and Timberland Appraisal. A property tax exemption is subtracted from the appraised value and lower the assessed value and the property tax. Lat/Long: 33. Texas law, effective January 1, 2012, made it possible for beekeeping to qualify for an Agricultural Valuation (commonly called "ag exemption" - see below) on property taxes. About the Project Through a project1 funded by the Leopold Center for The Georgia Department of Agriculture and Georgia Farm Bureau held a joint press conference recently in Macon to launch the new Georgia Agricultural Tax Exem The . Ag Tax Exemptions. IMPROVEMENTS: 3/2 mobile home. Sales. His recent real-estate acquisition on Hwy 175 , better know as the Primo Industrial Park , is in need of a manicure…. Properties matching your search have an average property price of $612,508 and a price per acre of $9,537. 2nd Floor Meeting Room, Montague Town Hall, 1 Avenue A, Turners Falls, MA 01376 Posted to: Board of Selectmen Attached File: Board of Selectmen 2020-09-21 Agenda County: Montague. Structural Pest Control Service Forms. The company's filing status is listed as Forfeited Existence and its File Number is 0162918801. 1 of the NER in accordance with the AER’s Electricity NSP Registration Exemption Guideline (Network Exemption Guideline), and is subject to a number of conditions. Large stock tank holds water year round. About the Project Through a project1 funded by the Leopold Center for [no-lexicon]The Applicant’s exemption from the requirement to register as a network service provider and the operation of Chapter 5 of the NER has now come into effect. Lampasas, TX 76550. Age 65 or older and disabled exemptions: Over 65 and/or disabled residence homestead owners may qualify for a $10,000 homestead exemption for school taxes, in addition to the $15,000 exemption for all A property tax exemption is subtracted from the appraised value and lower the assessed value and the property tax. ($1,000). If a typical stocking rate for native range is 25 acres per animal unit, then 100 acres might support only four animal units, assuming all 100 acres produce grass and are grazable. Exemption Certificates Ag/Timber Exemption Certificates for Sales and Use Tax Exemption Certificates. Agricultural Land. O. O Montague County Please note that in most counties you will need to have a minimum of 6 acres if there is a home on the property, and you also need to have agricultural activities occurring on your land for a minimum of 5 years before you can qualify for the ag valuation. 1825(r), the Milam Appraisal District gives public notice of the the capitalization rate to be used to value properties receiving exemptions under this section for tax year 2021. Donations to Montague County Agricultural Center are tax deductible. You can find the Montague County Extension Meeting – May 10, 2018 – Montague, TX (via internet) – Texas Fence Law National Ag & Food Law Consortium Webinar Series – May 1, 2018 – Online webinar – Water Wars in the US Supreme Court: Why Agriculture Should Care (presentation with Jesse Richardson) There is a difference between taking advantage of available exemptions (which I agree with) and changing ones land usage after the fact merely to avoid a higher rate of taxation A savvy property buyer should be aware of what their taxes will be after purchase And why is that, I yam what FSA serves all 254 Texas counties through a network of 173 county offices. Perform a free Montague County, TX public property records search, including property View Montague County, Texas property tax exemption information,  the agricultural use tax valuation for ranches in Texas, Eastland, Erath, Hamilton, Hood, Jack, Johnson, Lampasas, Mills, Montague, Palo Pinto, Parker,. Sleeps 10, If interested please PM me. Page 2. 14 when the county had a low amount of active cases. not required. 11. Freedom to Farm! Understanding the Agricultural Exemption to County . Tax rates and ultimately the amount of taxes levied on property are determined by governing bodies of each of the taxing authorities. by. EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 1, 2013 Homestead Exemption Application Requirements Requires a copy of the applicant's driver's license or state-issued personal  ٣ جمادى الآخرة ١٤٤١ هـ Montague County Retired School Personnel - must be pursuing a of up to 150 hours of tuition exemption, including most fee charges,  This house sits on 7+ acres and is currently agriculture exempt. Mineral, utility and industrial accounts are A part of the property is in 1-d-1 agricultural exemption. that qualify for the tax exemption. Bring your farm animals and enjoy the nice  There is an Agricultural Exemption on the majority of the property, with a Homestead Exemption on the remainder. While it is not technically an exemption, the property taxes are reduced sharply. The Agricultural and Timberland Appraisal. Check out this 2759 sqft 4 bedrooms and 2 baths. Daniel Montague, a civil engineer who surveyed much of north-central Texas. ZIP Code: 76270. REV. You can find the Montague County Extension Meeting – May 10, 2018 – Montague, TX (via internet) – Texas Fence Law National Ag & Food Law Consortium Webinar Series – May 1, 2018 – Online webinar – Water Wars in the US Supreme Court: Why Agriculture Should Care (presentation with Jesse Richardson) FSA serves all 254 Texas counties through a network of 173 county offices. Our service areas: Tarrant County Denton County Cooke County Montague County Please note that in most counties you will need to have a minimum of 6 acres […] ٢٨ ذو الحجة ١٤٤٢ هـ Tr 10 Cox Lane, Montague, TX 76251 is 6. Farm Labor Information. Agg Exemption 409 June 7, 2014 by shortfellow Destined to be an honorary Italian …hacking out an agg exemption in blow-sand within three miles of the courthouse… Montague County has seen a total of 255 cases along with seven deaths. COVID 19 NJDA building entrance form. 2001-9. Agriculture includes farming in all its branches when performed by a farmer or on a established RRED zones. 31 DRAKE L. * Pursuant to Texas Property Tax Code, Sec. Zoning in Iowa . The Comptroller's Guidelines for Qualification of Agricultural Land in Wildlife Management Use (PDF) discuss the requirements that land must meet to qualify for wildlife management use to permit special agricultural appraisal, as provided by Tax Code Section 23. A new product called HogStop is being … Open space land must have ag-use as its primary use in order to qualify for ag-use. On Protest Form 50-132. March 15, 2021 - Secretary Fisher letter and NJ Farmworker and Farmer Vaccination Sign-Up Information. An 1100-pound cow will consume 22 to 33 pounds of forage or 1/2 a square bale of grass hay each day. Montague County Agricultural Center is a Texas Domestic Non-Profit Corporation filed On May 18, 2001. , Room 305, Rock Island, IL 61201 APPLICATION FOR AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURE/BUILDING EXEMPTION The Rock Island County Code of Ordinances sections 3-2-4 Enforcement and Administration, 3-1-3 International System Division of Agriculture . The FLSA is the federal law which sets minimum wage, overtime, recordkeeping, and child labor standards. The Gilliam County Court adopted a proposed RRED Zone in Gilliam County in January 2021 (Allen 2021). Abbott’s mask mandate. org 01152014 AG EXEMPTION APPLICATION The building address for the NJDA office is: 200 Riverview Plaza, 3rd Floor, Trenton, NJ, 08611. 521, and are adopted by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts under Comptroller Rules 9. This is covered in the Tax Code under Chapter 23, Subchapter D, Sect. AG EXEMPT=  قبل ٤ أيام Close to 287 and minutes from downtown Bowie. When you purchase an item that is not exempt from tax by law, you must give the seller an exemption certificate to purchase the item tax free. Beekeeping qualifies many land owners for a Special Ag Valuation in Texas. It is the opinion of the Montague County Appraisal District that the attached agricultural land qualification guidelines are valid for mass appraisal purposes and can be applied uniformly throughout Montague County. If the county grants an optional exemption for homeowners age 65 or older or disabled, the owners will receive only the local-option exemption. P. org Proving You Qualify For Florida’s Agricultural Tax Exemption Regardless of where you are, the process begins with Florida Department of Revenue form DR-482. Cody Tip has failed to fire on the previous contract…. The administration of exemptions and special valuations authorized by the local entities and the State of Texas. 2019-2020 Adopted Tax Rate - Montague County adopted a tax rate that will raise more taxes for maintenance and operations than last year's tax rate. Ag Valuation. Brown County Courthouse 200 S Broadway Street Brownwood, TX 76801. 100% DISABLED VETERAN The duties of the appraisal district include: The determination of market value of taxable property. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Steve Pickens and is located at Route 1 Box 54, Montague, TX 76251. Pond. Hamilton . Montague County was organized in 1858 and formally created from Cooke County in 1859 by act of the State Legislature. Utilities in place. , is seeking a tax exemption for the 2015 tax season to help with the expansion of its industrial facilities. How to reach us. Old Spanish Fort, of which few traces remain, was established in 1719 by the French as a post for the protection of French traders Montague County Appraisal District. It was named for Col. 17, the county has 33 active cases, meaning it once again falls under Gov. Telephone: (940) 894-3601. MONTAGUE COUNTY, Texas (TNN) - Montague County residents are now required to wear masks again after a surge of new COVID-19 cases, according to The Bowie News. Updated: March 26, 2021. 55 of the property Tax Code If your land qualified for agricultural appraisal and you change its use to a non-agricultural use, you will owe a rollback tax for each of the previous three years in which your land received the lower appraisal. Section 23. NationalAgLawCenter. A wildlife exemption is fairly easy to get in any county as long as the land was AG exempt for the previous year. Some cities and local governments in Montague County collect additional local sales taxes, which can be as high as 2%. Montague Solar is a qualifying project for Gilliam County’s RRED Zone and the project is participating in the 3-year tax exemption program. Proving You Qualify For Florida’s Agricultural Tax Exemption Regardless of where you are, the process begins with Florida Department of Revenue form DR-482. Agricultural, Wildlife & Land. Town of West Turin. 17 County tax assessor-collector offices provide most vehicle title and registration services, including: Montague, TX 76251-0008. The burden is on the party seeking the exemption to show that the activity in question for the exemption. The bill also stipulated that farmers apply to the Georgia Department of Agriculture (GDA) to obtain a GATE certificate to show when purchasing inputs such as seed, feed, chemicals, etc. NJDA Emergency Contact Form. CURRENT USE  20 plus acres are planted in wheatattracts the wildlife! Old water well on property currently not in use. The property must be devoted to an agricultural use and the operation must have a degree of intensity that is typical to the area, which is set or determined by by the county Texas. Trails. Mineral, utility and industrial accounts are How Many Goats Per Acre In Texas For Ag Exemption. Agriculture includes farming in all its branches when performed by a farmer or on a South Lewis. 52 also directs the development procedures for verifying that land qualifies for agricultural appraisal. The available Texas homeowner exemptions are listed below. The mask exemption was initially announced on Oct. County, Montague County AG Exemption: Yes. The property must be devoted to an agricultural use and the operation must have a degree of intensity that is typical to the area, which is set or determined by by the county Q: What is an Ag Rollback? A: Per Section 23. For landowners looking to partner with beekeepers, we’ve put County: Montague. The exemption was granted under clause 2. We are committed to providing all available FSA The building address for the NJDA office is: 200 Riverview Plaza, 3rd Floor, Trenton, NJ, 08611. Agricultural Exemption to Iowa County Zoning Qualifcation for the exemption must be based on a factual analysis of the use of the land or structure. The interior of this home boasts updated granite countertops,  amidst the rolling grasslands of southern Montague County, lies a pristine property known as the Walking The property has an agricultural exemption. 2019-2020 Tax Rate Information. McLennan County Emergency Rental Assistance Program - The McLennan County Rental Assistance Program (MCERA) aids with rent and utility payments to help families-in-crisis who have been affected by reduction in income, incurred significant costs, other financial hardship due, directly or indirectly, to COVID-19. mononacounty. The new five year plan will be to work on getting the ag exemption back, whether you really want to remain ag exempt or convert to the wildlife exemption in the future. (fillable) Use this form to report your wildlife management activities, if required, to your county's chief appraiser. 469642, -97. [email protected] To qualify for a GATE certificate a farmer must: – produce $2,500/year or more in agricultural products Lease Bee Hives for Ag Exemptions. montague county ag exemption

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Источник: http://saradavid.com.hr/gklrm5/montague-county-ag-exemption.html
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Filing a Property Tax Protest in Tarrant County

Frequently Asked Questions

Why should I file a property tax protest this year?

Values continue to increase in Tarrant County. If you allow the margin between your Market Value and Appraised Value to grow, unchecked, you will be less likely in future property tax protests to be able to successfully reduce your tax liability. It is important to file a property tax protest every year and keep your Market Value and Appraised Value as close to the same amount as possible.

I saw something on Facebook about new property tax laws. Will they help me this year?

New laws affecting property taxes and property tax values were passed in the summer of 2019. Those laws went into effect January 1, 2020.

One of the most important laws that passed limits the Tarrant Appraisal District’s ability to raise the value of a property that was the subject of a successful property tax protest in the previous year in which the value was reduced. This is why you see some of your neighbors’ property values stay the same for two (2) years in a row, while other neighbors’ property values experience an increase every year. Protesting regularly and obtaining ARB-determined Orders for value reduction (which are more likely to roll to the next year) can help you for two (2) years, or more in some cases!

Essentially, this law raises TAD’s burden of proof and requires that it provide clear and convincing evidence that the value increase TAD is proposing is supported. This is a much higher standard than a regular protest and it’s much higher than past years. It’s big step in the right direction for preventing significant year-over-year value increases that eventually price people out of their homes.

I take almost every case to ARB hearings in order to obtain ARB-determined Orders for value reduction, not only because it gives my Clients a better chance at a 2-year return-on-investment, from a rolling value, but also because it is in my Clients’ best interest and it’s the right thing to do.

Settlement & Waivers do not hold the same weight as an ARB Order, and neither do Hearing Agreements (i.e. when the TAD Appraiser agrees to your proposed value at your hearing).

Why shouldn’t I do the Automated Market Review or walk into the TAD offices and settle with them outright?

First, there’s absolutely nothing wrong with attempting to settle with TAD outright – but don’t feel obligated or pressured to take the number the TAD appraiser gives you, especially if that number isn’t below your Appraised Value. As far as the Automated Market Review, it’s just like TAD’s mass appraisal system: it is not a person individually evaluating your property – it’s a computer system attempting to match “like” with “like” properties, which often results in an inaccurate property value.

Further, unless the Automated Market Review suggests a value that is acceptable to you and below your Appraised Value, you will not reduce your Tax Liability.

I see social media posts all the time, and hear numerous complaints from property owners calling the Firm for help, saying that they accepted an Automated Market Review value and were shocked to learn that it did nothing to affect their Tax Liability. This happens because the property owner accepted a value that was higher than their Appraised Value.

If you don’t know what to do, contact the Firm. I’m always happy to advise someone debating whether or not to take an Automated Market Review value or settlement offer. If I can help you help yourself through a quick call, text, or email, I’m happy to do it. #HappyProtesting

Why shouldn’t I use a free service, contingent fee service, or non-attorney service?

First things first: nothing is free. You are either paying with money or paying with your information. Facebook takes your information; that’s how you pay them, and in turn they make money advertising to you. You also pay with your information for free property tax protest services from real estate agents; you’re now in their database and they can advertise to you.

Further, from what I have learned about the free services offered here locally, most of them operate like the Automated Market Review, and several of them don’t take all of their clients’ cases to a hearing before the Appraisal Review Board (ARB). They aren’t incentivized to actually obtain meaningful reductions. They informally settle property tax protests with TAD appraisers, which does not hold the same weight as an ARB determination.

For the most part, ARB determinations have historically given property owners the benefit of at least 2 years at that ARB determined value. Of course, there are outliers where a value has been raised in a year subsequent to an ARB determination, but it’s not common.

Insofar as contingent fee and non-attorney services, there’s nothing wrong with using them. In fact, several have stellar reputations. But, none that I know of can represent clients in a legal capacity (and if they do, without a license through the State Bar of Texas, that’s breaking all sorts of Unauthorized Practice of Law laws).

Further, most of these services do not limit their markets to become experts in one county. They file property tax protests in numerous counties all over the state.

It’s practically impossible to become a market expert in every county in the State of Texas. I am exclusive to Tarrant County, and can represent you as your attorney on all matters relating to your Property Tax Protest, from initial Property Tax Protests and hearings all the way through appeals, arbitration, or court proceedings (separate fees apply to appeal procedures – contact the Firm for pricing).

Ready to Begin Your Protest?

Click here to begin your protest now … 100% online. It’s easy to get started.

This is not intended to be legal advice or a substitute for legal advice, nor is it intended to deter you from contacting the Firm with your questions. If you have questions, do not hesitate to reach out!

Other Articles in This Series

Источник: https://thegallagherfirm.com/filing/
how to protest property taxes in tarrant county 2019

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