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Fake malaysia phone number for verification


fake malaysia phone number for verification

For online verification via the recorded voice call messages, please call to selected free phone number with 'Voice' labale and speak the message when call. Receive SMS Online with disposable phone numbers. Real SIM (Non-VoIP) temporary numbers for accounts verification and QA tests. Keep your real number clean and secure. OKSMS provides temporary, anonymous, free, disposable phone numbers for you to receive verification codes online.

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How to register for the WhatsApp Business app

Requirements

  • You can only register a mobile phone or a landline (fixed) number that you own.
  • You must be able to receive phone calls or SMS with the phone number you're trying to register.
  • You must have all call-blocking settings, apps, and task-killers disabled.
  • If you're registering through your mobile phone, you must have a working internet connection through mobile data or Wi-Fi. If you're roaming or have a bad connection, registration may not work. Try opening https://www.whatsapp.com/business/ on your mobile phone’s internet browser to see if you're connected to the internet.
  • If you're registering through a landline, tap Call me to request a phone call to receive your registration code.

How to register

  1. Enter your phone number:
    • Choose your country from the drop-down list. This will automatically fill in your country code in the box on the left.
    • Enter your phone number in the box on the right. Don't put a 0 before your phone number.
  2. Tap Next to receive a registration code. If prompted, you can also tap Call me to receive the code through a phone call.
  3. Enter the 6-digit registration code you receive via SMS or phone call.

    • Note: If you have iCloud Keychain enabled and have registered this number before, you may be automatically registered without receiving a new SMS code.

Using extension numbers for landline

Landline extension numbers can't be used to complete the registration process. Please use a landline number without an extension to register your phone number. For security purposes, we can only send the six-digit registration code to the landline number that you intend to use for your business account.

If you don't receive the six-digit code through SMS

  • Wait for the progress bar to finish and retry. The wait time may take up to 10 minutes.
  • Don't guess the code or you'll be locked out for a period of time.
  • If the timer runs out before you receive the registration code, an option will appear to request a phone call. Choose the Call me option to request the call. When you answer the call, an automated voice will tell you the six-digit registration code. Enter this code into the WhatsApp Business app.

    • Note: Depending on your carrier, you may receive charges for SMS and phone calls.

Troubleshooting steps

If you're having issues registering, try the following:

  1. Turn your phone off, wait 30 seconds, and turn it back on.
  2. Delete and reinstall the latest version of WhatsApp Business here.
  3. Check your reception by sending a test SMS message from any mobile phone to the mobile phone number you're trying to register. Enter the mobile phone number exactly as you entered it in the WhatsApp Business app, including the country code.

    • Note: We can't send your verification code through other methods due to security reasons.
Источник: https://faq.whatsapp.com/general/verification/how-to-verify-your-whatsapp-business-number/?lang=en

Check IMEI Number to get to know
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IMEI Number - what can I check by imei number?

By using this unique IMEI Number you may get to know such data as: the network and country from which your device originally comes from, warranty informationdate of purchase,carrier information, system version,device specification and more details information. When it is recommended to check the IMEI Information? You should use IMEI checker before buying used or new device. As a result, you will see if the device is valid and original. What’s more, you can also check if the specification is consistent with the selling offer. We also encourage you to use the IMEI Information just to know your phone better and read important information about the device. The IMEI.info offers also some advanced services (it is available for some manufacturers) for example: Find My iPhone Status, iCloud Status, Blacklist Status, Seller Information, Network & Simlock checks, Phone Blacklist, Carrier Check, Unlocking Simlock, Warranty Checks. Let's check IMEI and make sure that your phone is unlocked.

Источник: https://www.imei.info/

Phishing

Act of attempting to acquire sensitive information by posing as a trustworthy entity

Not to be confused with Fishing or Pishing.

An example of a phishing email, disguised as an official emailfrom a (fictional) bank. The sender is attempting to trick the recipient into revealing confidential information by "confirming" it at the phisher's website. Note the misspelling of the words receivedand discrepancyas recievedand discrepency, respectively.

Phishing is a type of social engineering where an attacker sends a fraudulent (e.g., spoofed, fake, or otherwise deceptive) message designed to trick a human victim into revealing sensitive information to the attacker or to deploy malicious software on the victim's infrastructure like ransomware. Phishing attacks have become increasingly sophisticated and often transparently mirror the site being targeted, allowing the attacker to observe everything while the victim is navigating the site, and transverse any additional security boundaries with the victim.[1] As of 2020, phishing is by far the most common attack performed by cybercriminals, with the FBI's Internet Crime Complaint Centre recording over twice as many incidents of phishing than any other type of computer crime.[2]

The first recorded use of the term "phishing" was in the cracking toolkit AOHell created by Koceilah Rekouche in 1995, however it is possible that the term was used before this in a print edition of the hacker magazine 2600.[3][4] The word is a leetspeak variant of fishing (ph is a common replacement for f ), probably influenced by phreaking, and alludes to the use of increasingly sophisticated lures to "fish" for users' sensitive information.[4][5][6]

Attempts to prevent or mitigate the impact of phishing incidents include legislation, user training, public awareness, and technical security measures.[7] Phishing awareness is becoming essential at home and at the work place. For instance, from 2017 to 2020, phishing attacks have increased from 72 to 86% among businesses.[8]

Types[edit]

Email phishing[edit]

Most phishing messages are delivered by email, and are not personalized or targeted to a specific individual or company–this is termed "bulk" phishing.[9] The content of a bulk phishing message varies widely depending on the goal of the attacker–common targets for impersonation include banks and financial services, email and cloud productivity providers, and streaming services.[10] Attackers may use the credentials obtained to directly steal money from a victim, although compromised accounts are often used instead as a jumping-off point to perform other attacks, such as the theft of proprietary information, the installation of malware, or the spear phishing of other people within the target's organization.[4] Compromised streaming service accounts are usually sold directly to consumers on darknet markets.[11]

Spear phishing[edit]

Spear phishing involves an attacker directly targeting a specific organization or person with tailored phishing communications.[12] This is essentially the creation and sending of emails to a particular person to make the person think the email is legitimate. In contrast to bulk phishing, spear phishing attackers often gather and use personal information about their target to increase their probability of success of the attack.[13][14][15][16] Spear phishing typically targets executives or those that work in financial departments that have access to the organization's sensitive financial data and services. A 2019 study showed that accountancy and audit firms are frequent targets for spear phishing owing to their employees' access to information that could be valuable to criminals.[17]

Threat Group-4127 (Fancy Bear) used spear phishing tactics to target email accounts linked to Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign. They attacked more than 1,800 Google accounts and implemented the accounts-google.com domain to threaten targeted users.[18][19]

A recent study tested the susceptibility of certain age groups against spear fishing. In total, 100 young and 58 older users received, without their knowledge, daily simulated phishing emails over 21 days. A browser plugin recorded their clicking on links in the emails as an indicator of their susceptibility. Forty-three percent of users fell for the simulated phishing emails, with older women showing the highest susceptibility. While susceptibility in young users declined across the study, susceptibility in older users remained stable.[20]

Whaling and CEO fraud[edit]

Whaling refers to spear phishing attacks directed specifically at senior executives and other high-profile targets.[21] The content will be likely crafted to be of interest to the person or role targeted - such as a subpoena or customer complaint.[22]

CEO fraud is effectively the opposite of whaling; it involves the crafting of spoofed emails purportedly from senior executives with the intention of getting other employees at an organization to perform a specific action, usually the wiring of money to an offshore account.[23] While CEO fraud has a reasonably low success rate, criminals can gain very large sums of money from the few attempts that do succeed. There have been multiple instances of organizations losing tens of millions of dollars to such attacks.[24]

Clone phishing[edit]

Clone phishing is a type of phishing attack whereby a legitimate, and previously delivered email containing an attachment or link has had its content and recipient address(es) taken and used to create an almost identical or cloned email. The attachment or link within the email is replaced with a malicious version and then sent from an email address spoofed to appear to come from the original sender. It may claim to be a resend of the original or an updated version to the original. Typically this requires either the sender or recipient to have been previously hacked for the malicious third party to obtain the legitimate email.[25][26]

Voice phishing[edit]

Main article: Voice phishing

Voice phishing, or vishing,[27] is the use of telephony (often Voice over IP telephony) to conduct phishing attacks. Attackers will dial a large quantity of telephone numbers and play automated recordings - often made using text to speech synthesizers - that make false claims of fraudulent activity on the victim's bank accounts or credit cards. The calling phone number will be spoofed to show the real number of the bank or institution impersonated. The victim is then directed to call a number controlled by the attackers, which will either automatically prompt them to enter sensitive information in order to "resolve" the supposed fraud, or connect them to a live person who will attempt to use social engineering to obtain information.[27] Voice phishing capitalizes on the lower awareness among the general public of techniques such as caller ID spoofing and automated dialing, compared to the equivalents for email phishing, and thereby the inherent trust that many people have in voice telephony.[28]

SMS phishing[edit]

SMS phishing[29] or smishing[30] is conceptually similar to email phishing, except attackers use cell phone text messages to deliver the "bait".[31] Smishing attacks typically invite the user to click a link, call a phone number, or contact an email address provided by the attacker via SMS message. The victim is then invited to provide their private data; often, credentials to other websites or services. Furthermore, due to the nature of mobile browsers, URLs may not be fully displayed; this may make it more difficult to identify an illegitimate logon page.[32] As the mobile phone market is now saturated with smartphones which all have fast internet connectivity, a malicious link sent via SMS can yield the same result as it would if sent via email. Smishing messages may come from telephone numbers that are in a strange or unexpected format.[33]

Page hijacking[edit]

Page hijacking involves compromising legitimate web pages in order to redirect users to a malicious website or an exploit kit via cross site scripting. A hacker may compromise a website and insert an exploit kit such as MPack in order to compromise legitimate users who visit the now compromised web server. One of the simplest forms of page hijacking involves altering a webpage to contain a malicious inline frame which can allow an exploit kit to load. Page hijacking is frequently used in tandem with a watering hole attack on corporate entities in order to compromise targets.[citation needed]

Calendar phishing[edit]

Calendar phishing is when phishing links are delivered via calendar invitations. Calendar invitations are sent, which by default, are automatically added to many calendars. These invitations often take the form of RSVP and other common event requests.[34] Former Google click fraud czar Shuman Ghosemajumder believes this form of fraud is increasing, and recommends changing calendar settings to not automatically add new invitations.[35]

Techniques[edit]

Link manipulation[edit]

Most types of phishing use some form of technical deception designed to make a link in an email appear to belong to the organization the attackers are impersonating.[36]Misspelled URLs or the use of subdomains are common tricks used by phishers. In the following example URL, , it can appear to the untrained eye as though the URL will take the user to the example section of the yourbank website; actually this URL points to the "yourbank" (i.e. phishing) section of the example website. Another common trick is to make the displayed text for a link suggest a reliable destination, when the link actually goes to the phishers' site. Many desktop email clients and web browsers will show a link's target URL in the status bar while hovering the mouse over it. This behavior, however, may in some circumstances be overridden by the phisher.[37] Equivalent mobile apps generally do not have this preview feature.[citation needed]

Internationalized domain names (IDNs) can be exploited via IDN spoofing[38] or homograph attacks,[39] to create web addresses visually identical to a legitimate site, that lead instead to malicious version. Phishers have taken advantage of a similar risk, using open URL redirectors on the websites of trusted organizations to disguise malicious URLs with a trusted domain.[40][41][42] Even digital certificates do not solve this problem because it is quite possible for a phisher to purchase a valid certificate and subsequently change content to spoof a genuine website, or, to host the phish site without SSL at all.[43]

Filter evasion[edit]

Phishers have sometimes used images instead of text to make it harder for anti-phishing filters to detect the text commonly used in phishing emails.[44] In response, more sophisticated anti-phishing filters are able to recover hidden text in images using optical character recognition (OCR).[45]

Social engineering[edit]

Most types of phishing involve some kind of social engineering, in which users are psychologically manipulated into performing an action such as clicking a link, opening an attachment, or divulging confidential information. In addition to the obvious impersonation of a trusted entity, most phishing involves the creation of a sense of urgency - attackers claim that accounts will be shut down or seized unless the victim takes an action.[46] This occurs most often with victims bank or insurance accounts.[47]

An alternative technique to impersonation-based phishing is the use of fake news articles designed to provoke outrage, causing the victim to click a link without properly considering where it could lead. These links are designed to take you to a professional looking website that looks exactly like the legitimate organization's website.[48] Once on the attacker's website, victims can be presented with imitation "virus" notifications or redirected to pages that attempt to exploit web browser vulnerabilities to install malware.[49]

History[edit]

1980s[edit]

A phishing technique was described in detail in a paper and presentation delivered to the 1987 International HP Users Group, Interex.[50]

1990s[edit]

The term "phishing" is said to have been coined by the well known spammer and hacker in the mid-90s, Khan C. Smith.[51] The first recorded mention of the term is found in the hacking tool AOHell (according to its creator), which included a function for attempting to steal the passwords or financial details of America Online users.[52][53]

Early AOL phishing[edit]

Phishing on AOL was closely associated with the warez community that exchanged unlicensed software and the black hat hacking scene that perpetrated credit card fraud and other online crimes. AOL enforcement would detect words used in AOL chat rooms to suspend the accounts of individuals involved in counterfeiting software and trading stolen accounts. The term was used because "<><" is the single most common tag of HTML that was found in all chat transcripts naturally, and as such could not be detected or filtered by AOL staff. The symbol <>< was replaced for any wording that referred to stolen credit cards, accounts, or illegal activity. Since the symbol looked like a fish, and due to the popularity of phreaking it was adapted as "Phishing". AOHell, released in early 1995, was a program designed to hack AOL users by allowing the attacker to pose as an AOL staff member, and send an instant message to a potential victim, asking him to reveal his password.[54] In order to lure the victim into giving up sensitive information, the message might include imperatives such as "verify your account" or "confirm billing information".[citation needed]

Once the victim had revealed the password, the attacker could access and use the victim's account for fraudulent purposes. Both phishing and warezing on AOL generally required custom-written programs, such as AOHell. Phishing became so prevalent on AOL that they added a line on all instant messages stating: "no one working at AOL will ask for your password or billing information". A user using both an AIM account and an AOL account from an ISP simultaneously could phish AOL members with relative impunity as internet AIM accounts could be used by non-AOL internet members and could not be actioned (i.e., reported to AOL TOS department for disciplinary action).[55][tone]. In late 1995, AOL crackers resorted to phishing for legitimate accounts after AOL brought in measures in late 1995 to prevent using fake, algorithmically generated credit card numbers to open accounts.[56] Eventually, AOL's policy enforcement forced copyright infringement off AOL servers, and AOL promptly deactivates accounts involved in phishing, often before the victims could respond. The shutting down of the warez scene on AOL caused most phishers to leave the service.[57]

2000s[edit]

  • 2001
  • 2003
    • The first known phishing attack against a retail bank was reported by The Banker in September 2003.[59]
  • 2004
    • It is estimated that between May 2004 and May 2005, approximately 1.2 million computer users in the United States suffered losses caused by phishing, totaling approximately US$929 million. United States businesses lose an estimated US$2 billion per year as their clients become victims.[60]
    • Phishing is recognized as a fully organized part of the black market. Specializations emerged on a global scale that provided phishing software for payment (thereby outsourcing risk), which were assembled and implemented into phishing campaigns by organized gangs.[61][62]
  • 2005
    • In the United Kingdom losses from web banking fraud—mostly from phishing—almost doubled to GB£23.2m in 2005, from GB£12.2m in 2004,[63] while 1 in 20 computer users claimed to have lost out to phishing in 2005.[64]
  • 2006
    • Almost half of phishing thefts in 2006 were committed by groups operating through the Russian Business Network based in St. Petersburg.[65]
    • Banks dispute with customers over phishing losses. The stance adopted by the UK banking body APACS is that "customers must also take sensible precautions ... so that they are not vulnerable to the criminal."[66] Similarly, when the first spate of phishing attacks hit the Irish Republic's banking sector in September 2006, the Bank of Ireland initially refused to cover losses suffered by its customers,[67] although losses to the tune of €113,000 were made good.[68]
    • Phishers are targeting the customers of banks and online payment services. Emails, supposedly from the Internal Revenue Service, have been used to glean sensitive data from U.S. taxpayers.[69] While the first such examples were sent indiscriminately in the expectation that some would be received by customers of a given bank or service, recent research has shown that phishers may in principle be able to determine which banks potential victims use, and target bogus emails accordingly.[70]
    • Social networking sites are a prime target of phishing, since the personal details in such sites can be used in identity theft;[71] in late 2006 a computer worm took over pages on MySpace and altered links to direct surfers to websites designed to steal login details.[72]
  • 2007
    • 3.6 million adults lost US$3.2 billion in the 12 months ending in August 2007.[73] Microsoft claims these estimates are grossly exaggerated and puts the annual phishing loss in the US at US$60 million.[74]
    • Attackers who broke into TD Ameritrade's database and took 6.3 million email addresses (though they were not able to obtain social security numbers, account numbers, names, addresses, dates of birth, phone numbers and trading activity) also wanted the account usernames and passwords, so they launched a follow-up spear phishing attack.[75]
  • 2008
    • The RapidShare file sharing site has been targeted by phishing to obtain a premium account, which removes speed caps on downloads, auto-removal of uploads, waits on downloads, and cool down times between uploads.[76]
    • Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin facilitate the sale of malicious software, making transactions secure and anonymous.[citation needed]
  • 2009
    • In January 2009, a phishing attack resulted in unauthorized wire transfers of US$1.9 million through Experi-Metal's online banking accounts.
    • In the third quarter of 2009, the Anti-Phishing Working Group reported receiving 115,370 phishing email reports from consumers with US and China hosting more than 25% of the phishing pages each.[77]

2010s[edit]

Year Campaigns
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
  • 2011
    • In March 2011, Internal RSA staff were successfully phished,[79] leading to the master keys for all RSA SecureID security tokens being stolen, then subsequently used to break into US defense suppliers.[80]
    • Chinese phishing campaigns targeted Gmail accounts of highly ranked officials of the United States and South Korean governments and militaries, as well as Chinese political activists.[81][82]
  • 2012
    • According to Ghosh, there were "445,004 attacks in 2012 as compared to 258,461 in 2011 and 187,203 in 2010”.
  • 2013
    • In August 2013, advertising service Outbrain suffered a spear-phishing attack and SEA placed redirects into the websites of The Washington Post, Time, and CNN.[83]
    • In October 2013, emails purporting to be from American Express were sent to an unknown number of recipients.[84]
    • In November 2013, 110 million customer and credit card records were stolen from Target customers, through a phished subcontractor account.[85] CEO and IT security staff subsequently fired.[86]
    • By December 2013, Cryptolocker ransomware had infected 250,000 computers. According to Dell SecureWorks, 0.4% or more of those infected likely agreed to the ransom demand.[87]
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • In February, Austrian aerospace firm FACC AG was defrauded of 42 million euros ($47 million) through a BEC attack - and subsequently fired both the CFO and CEO.[105]
  • 2017
    • In 2017, 76% of organizations experienced phishing attacks. Nearly half of information security professionals surveyed said that the rate of attacks increased from 2016.
    • In the first half of 2017 businesses and residents of Qatar were hit with more than 93,570 phishing events in a three-month span.[119]
    • A phishing email to Google and Facebook users successfully induced employees into wiring money – to the extent of US$100 million – to overseas bank accounts under the control of a hacker. He has since been arrested by the US Department of Justice.[120]
    • In August 2017, customers of Amazon faced the Amazon Prime Day phishing attack, when hackers sent out seemingly legitimate deals to customers of Amazon. When Amazon's customers attempted to make purchases using the "deals", the transaction would not be completed, prompting the retailer's customers to input data that could be compromised and stolen.[121]
  • 2018
    • In 2018, the company block.one, which developed the EOS.IO blockchain, was attacked by a phishing group who sent phishing emails to all customers, aimed at intercepting the user's cryptocurrency wallet key; and a later attack targeted airdrop tokens.[122]

2020s[edit]

  • 2020
    • On July 15, 2020, Twitter suffered a breach that combined elements of Social engineering (security) and phishing. A 17-year old hacker and accomplices setup a fake website resembling Twitter's internal VPN provider used by employees working from home. Individuals posing as helpdesk staff called multiple Twitter employees, directing them to submit their credentials to the fake VPN website. [123] Using the details supplied by the unknowing employees, they were then able to seize control of several high profile user accounts, including Barack Obama, Elon Musk, Joe Biden and Apple Inc.'s company account. The hackers sent messages to Twitter followers soliciting Bitcoin promising double the transaction value in return, collecting some $117,000 in the first 3 hours of the ruse.[citation needed]
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
2005 12,845 13,468 12,883 14,411 14,987 15,050 14,135 13,776 13,562 15,820 16,882 15,244 173,063
2006 17,877 17,163 18,480 17,490 20,109 28,571 23,670 26,150 22,136 26,877 25,816 23,787 268,126
2007 29,930 23,610 24,853 23,656 23,415 28,888 23,917 25,624 38,514 31,650 28,074 25,683 327,814
2008 29,284 30,716 25,630 24,924 23,762 28,151 24,007 33,928 33,261 34,758 24,357 23,187 335,965
2009 34,588 31,298 30,125 35,287 37,165 35,918 34,683 40,621 40,066 33,254 30,490 28,897 412,392
2010 29,499 26,909 30,577 24,664 26,781 33,617 26,353 25,273 22,188 23,619 23,017 21,020 313,517
2011 23,535 25,018 26,402 20,908 22,195 22,273 24,129 23,327 18,388 19,606 25,685 32,979 284,445
2012 25,444 30,237 29,762 25,850 33,464 24,811 30,955 21,751 21,684 23,365 24,563 28,195 320,081
2013 28,850 25,385 19,892 20,086 18,297 38,100 61,453 61,792 56,767 55,241 53,047 52,489 491,399
2014 53,984 56,883 60,925 57,733 60,809 53,259 55,282 54,390 53,661 68,270 66,217 62,765 704,178
2015 49,608 55,795 115,808 142,099 149,616 125,757 142,155 146,439 106,421 194,499 105,233 80,548 1,413,978
2016 99,384 229,315 229,265 121,028 96,490 98,006 93,160 66,166 69,925 51,153 64,324 95,555 1,313,771
2017 96,148 100,932 121,860 87,453 93,285 92,657 99,024 99,172 98,012 61,322 86,547 85,744 1,122,156
2018 89,250 89,010 84,444 91,054 82,547 90,882 93,078 89,323 88,156 87,619 64,905 87,386 1,040,654
2019 34,630 35,364 42,399 37,054 40,177 34,932 35,530 40,457 42,273 45,057 42,424 45,072 475,369

"APWG Phishing Attack Trends Reports". Retrieved May 5, 2019.

Anti-phishing[edit]

There are anti-phishing websites which publish exact messages that have been recently circulating the internet, such as FraudWatch International and Millersmiles. Such sites often provide specific details about the particular messages.[124][125]

As recently as 2007, the adoption of anti-phishing strategies by businesses needing to protect personal and financial information was low.[126] Now there are several different techniques to combat phishing, including legislation and technology created specifically to protect against phishing. These techniques include steps that can be taken by individuals, as well as by organizations. Phone, web site, and email phishing can now be reported to authorities, as described below.

User training[edit]

Frame of an animation by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission intended to educate citizens about phishing tactics.

People can be trained to recognize phishing attempts, and to deal with them through a variety of approaches. Such education can be effective, especially where training emphasizes conceptual knowledge[127] and provides direct feedback.[128][129] Therefore, an essential part of any organization or institutions anti-phishing strategy is to actively educate its users so that they can identify phishing scams without hesitation and act accordingly.[130] Although there is currently a lack of data and recorded history that shows educational guidance and other information-based interventions successfully reduce susceptibility to phishing, large amounts of information regarding the phishing threat are available on the Internet.[47]

Many organizations run regular simulated phishing campaigns targeting their staff to measure the effectiveness of their training. For example, this often occurs in the healthcare industry due to the fact that healthcare data has significant value as a potential target for hackers. In a recent study done by the National Library of Medicine an assessment was performed as part of cybersecurity activity during a designated test period using multiple credential harvesting approaches through staff email. During the 1-month testing period, the organization received 858 200 emails: 139 400 (16%) marketing, 18 871 (2%) identified as potential threats. This is just one example of the many steps being taken to combat phishing within healthcare.[131]

People can take steps to avoid phishing attempts by slightly modifying their browsing habits.[132] When contacted about an account needing to be "verified" (or any other topic used by phishers), it is a sensible precaution to contact the company from which the email apparently originates to check that the email is legitimate. Alternatively, the address that the individual knows is the company's genuine website can be typed into the address bar of the browser, rather than trusting any hyperlinks in the suspected phishing message.[133]

Nearly all legitimate e-mail messages from companies to their customers contain an item of information that is not readily available to phishers. Some companies, for example PayPal, always address their customers by their username in emails, so if an email addresses the recipient in a generic fashion ("Dear PayPal customer") it is likely to be an attempt at phishing.[134] Furthermore, PayPal offers various methods to determine spoof emails and advises users to forward suspicious emails to their [email protected] domain to investigate and warn other customers. However it is unsafe to assume that the presence of personal information alone guarantees that a message is legitimate,[135] and some studies have shown that the presence of personal information does not significantly affect the success rate of phishing attacks;[136] which suggests that most people do not pay attention to such details.

Emails from banks and credit card companies often include partial account numbers. However, recent research[137] has shown that the public do not typically distinguish between the first few digits and the last few digits of an account number—a significant problem since the first few digits are often the same for all clients of a financial institution.

The Anti-Phishing Working Group, who's one of the largest anti-phishing organizations in the world, produces regular report on trends in phishing attacks.[138]

Google posted a video demonstrating how to identify and protect yourself from Phishing scams.[139]

Technical approaches[edit]

A wide range of technical approaches are available to prevent phishing attacks reaching users or to prevent them from successfully capturing sensitive information.

Filtering out phishing mail[edit]

Specialized spam filters can reduce the number of phishing emails that reach their addressees' inboxes. These filters use a number of techniques including machine learning[140] and natural language processing approaches to classify phishing emails,[141][142] and reject email with forged addresses.[143]

Browsers alerting users to fraudulent websites[edit]

Screenshot of Firefox 2.0.0.1 Phishing suspicious site warning

Another popular approach to fighting phishing is to maintain a list of known phishing sites and to check websites against the list. One such service is the Safe Browsing service.[144] Web browsers such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer 7, Mozilla Firefox 2.0, Safari 3.2, and Opera all contain this type of anti-phishing measure.[145][146][147][148][149]Firefox 2 used Google anti-phishing software. Opera 9.1 uses live blacklists from Phishtank, cyscon and GeoTrust, as well as live whitelists from GeoTrust. Some implementations of this approach send the visited URLs to a central service to be checked, which has raised concerns about privacy.[150] According to a report by Mozilla in late 2006, Firefox 2 was found to be more effective than Internet Explorer 7 at detecting fraudulent sites in a study by an independent software testing company.[151]

An approach introduced in mid-2006 involves switching to a special DNS service that filters out known phishing domains: this will work with any browser,[152] and is similar in principle to using a hosts file to block web adverts.

To mitigate the problem of phishing sites impersonating a victim site by embedding its images (such as logos), several site owners have altered the images to send a message to the visitor that a site may be fraudulent. The image may be moved to a new filename and the original permanently replaced, or a server can detect that the image was not requested as part of normal browsing, and instead send a warning image.[153][154]

Augmenting password logins[edit]

The Bank of America website[155][156] is one of several that asks users to select a personal image (marketed as SiteKey) and displays this user-selected image with any forms that request a password. Users of the bank's online services are instructed to enter a password only when they see the image they selected. However, several studies suggest that few users refrain from entering their passwords when images are absent.[157][158] In addition, this feature (like other forms of two-factor authentication) is susceptible to other attacks, such as those suffered by Scandinavian bank Nordea in late 2005,[159] and Citibank in 2006.[160]

A similar system, in which an automatically generated "Identity Cue" consisting of a colored word within a colored box is displayed to each website user, is in use at other financial institutions.[161]

Security skins[162][163] are a related technique that involves overlaying a user-selected image onto the login form as a visual cue that the form is legitimate. Unlike the website-based image schemes, however, the image itself is shared only between the user and the browser, and not between the user and the website. The scheme also relies on a mutual authentication protocol, which makes it less vulnerable to attacks that affect user-only authentication schemes.

Still another technique relies on a dynamic grid of images that is different for each login attempt. The user must identify the pictures that fit their pre-chosen categories (such as dogs, cars and flowers). Only after they have correctly identified the pictures that fit their categories are they allowed to enter their alphanumeric password to complete the login. Unlike the static images used on the Bank of America website, a dynamic image-based authentication method creates a one-time passcode for the login, requires active participation from the user, and is very difficult for a phishing website to correctly replicate because it would need to display a different grid of randomly generated images that includes the user's secret categories.[164]

Monitoring and takedown[edit]

Several companies offer banks and other organizations likely to suffer from phishing scams round-the-clock services to monitor, analyze and assist in shutting down phishing websites.[165] Automated detection of phishing content is still below accepted levels for direct action, with content-based analysis reaching between 80 and 90% of success[166] so most of the tools include manual steps to certify the detection and authorize the response.[167] Individuals can contribute by reporting phishing to both volunteer and industry groups,[168] such as cyscon or PhishTank.[169] Phishing web pages and emails can be reported to Google.[170][171]

Transaction verification and signing[edit]

Solutions have also emerged using the mobile phone[172] (smartphone) as a second channel for verification and authorization of banking transactions.

Multi-factor authentication[edit]

Organizations can implement two factor or multi-factor authentication (MFA), which requires a user to use at least 2 factors when logging in. (For example, a user must both present a smart card and a password). This mitigates some risk, in the event of a successful phishing attack, the stolen password on its own cannot be reused to further breach the protected system. However, there are several attack methods which can defeat many of the typical systems.[173] MFA schemes such as WebAuthn address this issue by design.

Email content redaction[edit]

Organizations that prioritize security over convenience can require users of its computers to use an email client that redacts URLs from email messages, thus making it impossible for the reader of the email to click on a link, or even copy a URL. While this may result in an inconvenience, it does almost completely eliminate email phishing attacks.

Limitations of technical responses[edit]

An article in Forbes in August 2014 argues that the reason phishing problems persist even after a decade of anti-phishing technologies being sold is that phishing is "a technological medium to exploit human weaknesses" and that technology cannot fully compensate for human weaknesses.[174]

Legal responses[edit]

On January 26, 2004, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission filed the first lawsuit against a suspected phisher. The defendant, a Californian teenager, allegedly created a webpage designed to look like the America Online website, and used it to steal credit card information.[175] Other countries have followed this lead by tracing and arresting phishers. A phishing kingpin, Valdir Paulo de Almeida, was arrested in Brazil for leading one of the largest phishing crime rings, which in two years stole between US$18 million and US$37 million.[176] UK authorities jailed two men in June 2005 for their role in a phishing scam,[177] in a case connected to the U.S. Secret Service Operation Firewall, which targeted notorious "carder" websites.[178] In 2006 eight people were arrested by Japanese police on suspicion of phishing fraud by creating bogus Yahoo Japan Web sites, netting themselves ¥100 million (US$870,000).[179] The arrests continued in 2006 with the FBI Operation Cardkeeper detaining a gang of sixteen in the U.S. and Europe.[180]

In the United States, SenatorPatrick Leahy introduced the Anti-Phishing Act of 2005 in Congress on March 1, 2005. This bill, if it had been enacted into law, would have subjected criminals who created fake web sites and sent bogus emails in order to defraud consumers to fines of up to US$250,000 and prison terms of up to five years.[181] The UK strengthened its legal arsenal against phishing with the Fraud Act 2006,[182] which introduces a general offence of fraud that can carry up to a ten-year prison sentence, and prohibits the development or possession of phishing kits with intent to commit fraud.[183]

Companies have also joined the effort to crack down on phishing. On March 31, 2005, Microsoft filed 117 federal lawsuits in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington. The lawsuits accuse "John Doe" defendants of obtaining passwords and confidential information. March 2005 also saw a partnership between Microsoft and the Australian government teaching law enforcement officials how to combat various cyber crimes, including phishing.[184] Microsoft announced a planned further 100 lawsuits outside the U.S. in March 2006,[185] followed by the commencement, as of November 2006, of 129 lawsuits mixing criminal and civil actions.[186]AOL reinforced its efforts against phishing[187] in early 2006 with three lawsuits[188] seeking a total of US$18 million under the 2005 amendments to the Virginia Computer Crimes Act,[189][190] and Earthlink has joined in by helping to identify six men subsequently charged with phishing fraud in Connecticut.[191]

In January 2007, Jeffrey Brett Goodin of California became the first defendant convicted by a jury under the provisions of the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003. He was found guilty of sending thousands of emails to America Online users, while posing as AOL's billing department, which prompted customers to submit personal and credit card information. Facing a possible 101 years in prison for the CAN-SPAM violation and ten other counts including wire fraud, the unauthorized use of credit cards, and the misuse of AOL's trademark, he was sentenced to serve 70 months. Goodin had been in custody since failing to appear for an earlier court hearing and began serving his prison term immediately.[192][193][194][195]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Ramzan, Zulfikar (2010). "Phishing attacks and countermeasures". In Stamp, Mark; Stavroulakis, Peter (eds.). Handbook of Information and Communication Security. Springer. ISBN .
  2. ^"Internet Crime Report 2020"(PDF). FBI Internet Crime Complaint Centre. U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  3. ^Ollmann, Gunter. "The Phishing Guide: Understanding and Preventing Phishing Attacks". Technical Info. Archived from the original on 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2006-07-10.
  4. ^ abcWright, A; Aaron, S; Bates, DW (October 2016). "The Big Phish: Cyberattacks Against U.S. Healthcare Systems". Journal of General Internal Medicine. 31 (10): 1115–8. doi:10.1007/s11606-016-3741-z. PMC 5023604. PMID 27177913.
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  8. ^Lin, Tian; Capecci, Daniel E.; Ellis, Donovan M.; Rocha, Harold A.; Dommaraju, Sandeep; Oliveira, Daniela S.; Ebner, Natalie C. (September 2019). "Susceptibility to Spear-Phishing Emails: Effects of Internet User Demographics and Email Content". ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 26 (5): 32. doi:10.1145/3336141. ISSN 1073-0516. PMC 7274040. PMID 32508486.
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  19. ^Nakashima, Ellen; Harris, Shane (July 13, 2018). "How the Russians hacked the DNC and passed its emails to WikiLeaks". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  20. ^Alkhalil, Z (2021). "Phishing attacks: A recent comprehensive study and a new anatomy". Frontiers in Computer Science. 3. doi:10.3389/fcomp.2021.563060.
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  23. ^Junger, Marianne; Wang, Victoria; Schlömer, Marleen (December 2020). "Fraud against businesses both online and offline: crime scripts, business characteristics, efforts, and benefits". Crime Science. 9 (1): 13. doi:10.1186/s40163-020-00119-4.
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  28. ^Wang, Xinyuan; Zhang, Ruishan; Yang, Xiaohui; Jiang, Xuxian; Wijesekera, Duminda (2008). "Voice pharming attack and the trust of VoIP". Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Security and Privacy in Communication Netowrks - SecureComm '08: 1. doi:10.1145/1460877.1460908. ISBN . S2CID 7874236.
  29. ^"Phishing, Smishing, and Vishing: What's the Difference?"(PDF). belvoircreditunion.org. August 1, 2008. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2015-04-01.
  30. ^Vishing and smishing: The rise of social engineering fraudArchived 2021-03-21 at the Wayback Machine, BBC, Marie Keyworth, 2016-01-01
  31. ^"SMS phishing article at ConsumerAffairs.com". 8 November 2006. Archived from the original on 2021-03-21. Retrieved 2020-07-29.
  32. ^Mishra, Sandhya; Soni, Devpriya (August 2019). "SMS Phishing and Mitigation Approaches". 2019 Twelfth International Conference on Contemporary Computing (IC3). IEEE: 1–5. doi:10.1109/ic3.2019.8844920. ISBN . S2CID 202700726.
  33. ^"What is Smishing?". Symantec Corporation. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  34. ^Newman, Lily Hay. "Tricky Scam Plants Phishing Links in Your Google Calendar". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2021-11-11.
  35. ^By (2019-08-27). "Scammers are targeting your calendar—here's how to stop them". Popular Science. Retrieved 2021-11-11.
  36. ^"Get smart on Phishing! Learn to read links!". Archived from the original on December 11, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
  37. ^Cimpanu, Catalin (June 15, 2016). "Hidden JavaScript Redirect Makes Phishing Pages Harder to Detect". Softpedia News Center. Softpedia. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  38. ^Johanson, Eric. "The State of Homograph Attacks Rev1.1". The Shmoo Group. Archived from the original on August 23, 2005. Retrieved August 11, 2005.
  39. ^Evgeniy Gabrilovich & Alex Gontmakher (February 2002). "The Homograph Attack"(PDF). Communications of the ACM. 45 (2): 128. doi:10.1145/503124.503156. S2CID 73840.
  40. ^Leyden, John (August 15, 2006). "Barclays scripting SNAFU exploited by phishers". The Register. Archived from the original on June 13, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  41. ^Levine, Jason. "Goin' phishing with eBay". Q Daily News. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved December 14, 2006.
  42. ^Leyden, John (December 12, 2007). "Cybercrooks lurk in shadows of big-name websites". The Register. Archived from the original on June 23, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  43. ^"Black Hat DC 2009". May 15, 2011. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  44. ^Mutton, Paul. "Fraudsters seek to make phishing sites undetectable by content filters". Netcraft. Archived from the original on January 31, 2011.
  45. ^"The use of Optical Character Recognition OCR software in spam filtering". PowerShow. Archived from the original on 2021-03-21. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  46. ^Cui, Xinyue; Ge, Yan; Qu, Weina; Zhang, Kan (2020). "Effects of Recipient Information and Urgency Cues on Phishing Detection". HCI International 2020 - Posters. Communications in Computer and Information Science. 1226: 520–525. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-50732-9_67. ISBN . S2CID 220523895.
  47. ^ abWilliams, Emma J; Joinson, Adam N (2020-01-01). "Developing a measure of information seeking about phishing". Journal of Cybersecurity. 6 (1). doi:10.1093/cybsec/tyaa001. ISSN 2057-2085.
  48. ^Lin, Tian; Capecci, Daniel E.; Ellis, Donovan M.; Rocha, Harold A.; Dommaraju, Sandeep; Oliveira, Daniela S.; Ebner, Natalie C. (September 2019). "Susceptibility to Spear-Phishing Emails: Effects of Internet User Demographics and Email Content". ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 26 (5). doi:10.1145/3336141. ISSN 1073-0516. PMC 7274040. PMID 32508486.
  49. ^Tomlinson, Kerry (27 January 2017). "Fake news can poison your computer as well as your mind". archersecuritygroup.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  50. ^Felix, Jerry & Hauck, Chris (September 1987). "System Security: A Hacker's Perspective". 1987 Interex Proceedings. 8: 6.
  51. ^"EarthLink wins $25 million lawsuit against junk e-mailer". Archived from the original on 2019-03-22. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  52. ^Langberg, Mike (September 8, 1995). "AOL Acts to Thwart Hackers". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on April 29, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  53. ^Rekouche, Koceilah (2011). "Early Phishing". arXiv:1106.4692 [cs.CR].
  54. ^Stutz, Michael (January 29, 1998). "AOL: A Cracker's Momma!". Wired News. Archived from the original on December 14, 2005.
  55. ^"Phishing | History of Phishing". phishing.org. Archived from the original on 2018-09-09. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  56. ^"Phishing". Word Spy. Archived from the original on October 15, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2006.
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  58. ^"GP4.3 – Growth and Fraud — Case #3 – Phishing". Financial Cryptography. December 30, 2005. Archived from the original on January 22, 2019. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
  59. ^Sangani, Kris (September 2003). "The Battle Against Identity Theft". The Banker. 70 (9): 53–54.
  60. ^Kerstein, Paul (July 19, 2005). "How Can We Stop Phishing and Pharming Scams?". CSO. Archived from the original on March 24, 2008.
  61. ^"In 2005, Organized Crime Will Back Phishers". IT Management. December 23, 2004. Archived from the original on January 31, 2011.
  62. ^Abad, Christopher (September 2005). "The economy of phishing: A survey of the operations of the phishing market". First Monday. Archived from the original on 2011-11-21. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
  63. ^"UK phishing fraud losses double". Finextra. March 7, 2006. Archived from the original on January 19, 2009. Retrieved May 20, 2006.
  64. ^Richardson, Tim (May 3, 2005). "Brits fall prey to phishing". The Register. Archived from the original on June 10, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phishing

What should I do if I didn't receive a call from AWS to verify my new account?

Verify the following:

  • You've entered your telephone number and selected your country code correctly during the sign-up process.
  • If you're using a mobile phone, then be sure that you have a cellular signal to receive SMS messages or calls.
  • The information that you entered for your payment method is correct. A valid payment method is required to complete the account activation.

Retry the phone verification.

If you still didn't receive an SMS or call to complete the phone verification process, then AWS Support can help you to activate your account manually:

  1. Be sure that you can be reached at the telephone number that you provided for your AWS account.
  2. Open the AWS Support console, and then choose Create case.
  3. Choose Account and billing support.
  4. For Type, select Account.
  5. For Category, select Activation.
  6. In the Description section, provide a date and time when you can be reached.
  7. In the Contact options section, select Chat for Contact methods.
  8. Choose Submit.
    Note:
    You can create a case with AWS Support even if your account isn't yet activated.

Источник: https://aws.amazon.com/premiumsupport/knowledge-center/phone-verify-no-call/

Number Deactivation and the Recycled Phone Number Dilemma

As industry leaders and cybersecurity experts call on people everywhere to take steps to improve their online security, newer, more user-friendly account verification techniques, such as phone verification and two-factor authentication (2FA), are increasing in adoption. These features enable websites and mobile apps to verify a unique identity for each legitimate end-user through their valid phone number. Through this phone number, provided by the end-user, businesses can prevent fraud and protect account access through 2FA – where the device tied to that number serves as the “second factor.”  Phone numbers are now often considered the “trust anchor” for end-user accounts. In some cases, a user's valid phone number is their user name. But what happens when the very phone numbers that are used to verify and keep end-users secure are given up, recycled and assigned to a new person?

What Is Phone Number Deactivation?

Phone number deactivation is an industry term that refers to the event when a user disconnects their phone number completely. This could be because they moved to a new city, want to prevent specific people from reaching them, or just feel like changing things up. Whatever the reason may be, they are no longer reachable at this phone number.

What Is Phone Number Recycling?

Phone number recycling is the industry term that refers to the event when that deactivated/disconnected number gets reassigned to someone else. Typically, it takes at least 90 days for this reassignment to take place but it can be faster in high-demand area codes (212, 310, etc.).

Why Is This a Problem?

Recent news has risen that shows what can happen when phone–based 2FA and recycled phone numbers collide.  Even though this a rare occurrence (a study by the FCC found that in the US only 4.93% of users recycle their phone number each year), if users are not diligent in updating their account information and companies are not aware of numbers being recycled, it can lead to increased risks for the integrity of the account. In the most basic scenario, the new owner of a phone number is now tied to the account that the former owner linked to that same number—providing access to someone else's account. Alternatively, this can also lead to the true user being locked out and account notifications, security codes, password resets and other messages and alerts are not reaching the end-user.

What Can Be Done?

The good news is there are ways for companies to stay on top of this dilemma and help protect their users.The tricky nature of keeping up with recycled numbers is the sheer amount of data, which can prove overwhelming for most companies. This is where TeleSign comes in. As a registered mobile operator, and thanks to our numerous telco partnerships, TeleSign is able to provide our customers with valuable data attributes across the number lifecycle for virtually any number in the world, to help deliver assurance and prevent fraudulent activity.One of our products, TeleSign PhoneID, provides a variety of phone-based risk indicators that companies can integrate into their systems to better asses the risk of a user based on their phone number. One such indicator is Number Deactivation, which helps customers determine when a phone number has been truly deactivated-- based on carriers' phone number data and our proprietary analysis. This empowers companies to update account details and avoid accidentally leaking user data before a number is moved over to a new user.With experts estimating we won't reach “number exhaustion” for 10-digit phone numbers until roughly 2040, the dilemma around recycled phone numbers will continue to persist. It is up to end-users to stay vigilant with their own data and online security and companies to take steps to help protect their users however they can. TeleSign is here to help, so reach out to our sales team today to see how we can best protect you and your users."

Источник: https://www.telesign.com/blog/number-deactivation-and-the-recycled-phone-number-dilemma
fake malaysia phone number for verification
fake malaysia phone number for verification

Phishing

Act of attempting to acquire sensitive information by posing as a trustworthy entity

Not to be confused with Fishing or Pishing.

An example of a phishing email, disguised as an official emailfrom a (fictional) bank. The sender is attempting to trick the recipient into revealing confidential information by "confirming" it at the phisher's website. Note the misspelling of the words receivedand discrepancyas recievedand discrepency, respectively.

Phishing is a type of social engineering where an attacker sends a fraudulent (e.g., spoofed, fake, or otherwise deceptive) message designed to trick a human victim into revealing sensitive information to the attacker or to deploy malicious software on the victim's infrastructure like ransomware. Phishing attacks have become increasingly sophisticated and often transparently mirror the site being targeted, allowing the attacker to observe everything while the victim is navigating the site, and transverse any additional security boundaries with the victim.[1] As of 2020, phishing is by far the most common attack performed by cybercriminals, with the FBI's Internet Crime Complaint Centre recording over twice as many incidents of phishing than any other type of computer crime.[2]

The first recorded use of the term "phishing" was in the cracking toolkit AOHell created by Koceilah Rekouche in 1995, however it is possible that the term was used before this in a print edition of the hacker magazine 2600.[3][4] The word is a leetspeak variant of fishing (ph is a common replacement for f ), probably influenced by phreaking, and alludes to the use of increasingly sophisticated lures to "fish" for users' sensitive information.[4][5][6]

Attempts to prevent or mitigate the impact of phishing incidents include legislation, user training, public awareness, and technical security measures.[7] Phishing awareness is becoming essential at home and at the work place. For instance, from 2017 to 2020, phishing attacks have increased from 72 to 86% among businesses.[8]

Types[edit]

Email phishing[edit]

Most phishing messages are delivered by email, and are not personalized or targeted to a specific individual or company–this is termed "bulk" phishing.[9] The content of a bulk phishing message varies widely depending on the goal of the attacker–common targets for impersonation include banks and financial services, email and cloud productivity providers, and streaming services.[10] Attackers may use the credentials obtained to directly steal money from a victim, although compromised accounts are often used instead as a jumping-off point to perform other attacks, such as the theft of proprietary information, the installation of malware, or the spear phishing of other people within the target's organization.[4] Compromised streaming service accounts are usually sold directly to consumers on darknet markets.[11]

Spear phishing[edit]

Spear phishing involves an attacker directly targeting a specific organization or person with tailored phishing communications.[12] This is essentially the creation and sending of emails to a particular person to make the person think the email is legitimate. In contrast to bulk phishing, spear phishing attackers often gather and use personal information about their target to increase their probability of success of the attack.[13][14][15][16] Spear phishing typically targets executives or those that work in financial departments that have access to the organization's sensitive financial data and services. A 2019 study showed that accountancy and audit firms are frequent targets for spear phishing owing to their employees' access to information that could be valuable to criminals.[17]

Threat Group-4127 (Fancy Bear) used spear phishing tactics to target email accounts linked to Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign. They attacked more than 1,800 Google accounts and implemented the accounts-google.com domain to threaten targeted users.[18][19]

A recent study tested the susceptibility of certain age groups against spear fishing. In total, 100 young and 58 older users received, without their knowledge, daily simulated phishing emails over 21 days. A browser plugin recorded their clicking on links in the emails as an indicator of their susceptibility. Forty-three percent of users fell for the simulated phishing emails, with older women showing the highest susceptibility. While susceptibility in young users declined across the study, susceptibility in older users remained stable.[20]

Whaling and CEO fraud[edit]

Whaling refers to spear phishing attacks directed specifically at senior executives and other high-profile targets.[21] The content will be likely crafted to be of interest to the person or role targeted - such as a subpoena or customer complaint.[22]

CEO fraud is effectively the opposite of whaling; it involves the crafting of spoofed emails purportedly from senior executives with the intention of getting other employees at an organization to perform a specific action, usually the wiring of money to an offshore account.[23] While CEO fraud has a reasonably low success rate, criminals can mankato craigslist free stuff very large sums of money from the few attempts that do succeed. There have been multiple instances of organizations losing tens of millions of dollars to such attacks.[24]

Clone phishing[edit]

Clone phishing is a type of phishing attack whereby a legitimate, and previously delivered email containing an attachment or link has had its content and recipient address(es) taken and used to create an almost identical or cloned email. The attachment or link within the email is replaced with a malicious version and then sent from an email address spoofed to appear to come from the original sender. It may claim to be a resend of the original or an updated version to the original. Typically this requires either the sender or recipient to have been previously hacked for the malicious third party to obtain the legitimate email.[25][26]

Voice phishing[edit]

Main article: Voice phishing

Voice phishing, or vishing,[27] is the use of telephony (often Voice over IP telephony) to conduct phishing attacks. Attackers will dial a large quantity of telephone numbers and play automated recordings - often made using text to speech synthesizers - that make false claims of fraudulent activity on the victim's bank accounts or credit cards. The calling phone number will be spoofed to show the real number of the bank or institution impersonated. The victim is then directed to call a number controlled by the attackers, which will either automatically prompt them to enter sensitive information in order to "resolve" the supposed fraud, or connect them to a live person who will attempt to use social engineering to obtain information.[27] Voice phishing capitalizes on the lower awareness among the general public of fake malaysia phone number for verification such as caller ID spoofing and automated dialing, compared to the equivalents for email phishing, and thereby the inherent trust that many people have in voice telephony.[28]

SMS phishing[edit]

SMS phishing[29] or smishing[30] is conceptually similar to email phishing, except attackers use cell fake malaysia phone number for verification text messages to deliver the "bait".[31] Smishing attacks typically invite the user to click a link, call a phone number, or contact an email address provided by the attacker via SMS message. The victim is then invited to provide their private data; often, credentials to other websites or services. Furthermore, due to the nature of mobile browsers, URLs may not be fully displayed; this may make it more difficult to identify an illegitimate logon page.[32] As the mobile phone market is now saturated with smartphones which all have fast internet connectivity, a malicious link sent via SMS can yield the same result as it would if sent via email. Smishing messages may come from telephone numbers that are in a strange or unexpected format.[33]

Page hijacking[edit]

Page hijacking involves compromising legitimate web pages in order to redirect users to a malicious website or an exploit kit via cross site scripting. A hacker may compromise a website and insert an exploit kit such as MPack in order to compromise legitimate users who visit the now compromised web server. One of the simplest forms of page hijacking involves altering a webpage to contain a malicious inline frame which can allow an exploit kit to load. Page hijacking is frequently used in tandem with a watering hole attack on corporate entities in order to compromise targets.[citation needed]

Calendar phishing[edit]

Calendar phishing is when phishing links are delivered via calendar invitations. Calendar invitations are sent, which by default, are automatically added to many calendars. These invitations often take the form of RSVP and other common event requests.[34] Former Google click fraud czar Shuman Ghosemajumder believes this form of fraud is increasing, and recommends changing calendar settings to not automatically add new invitations.[35]

Techniques[edit]

Link manipulation[edit]

Most types of phishing use some form of technical deception designed to make a link in an email appear to belong to the organization the attackers are impersonating.[36]Misspelled URLs or the use of subdomains are common tricks used by phishers. In the bible fear not for i am with you example URL,it can appear to the untrained eye as though the URL will take the user to the example section of the yourbank website; actually this URL points to the "yourbank" (i.e. phishing) section of the example website. Another common trick www cashplus usbank com to make the displayed text for a link suggest a reliable destination, when the link actually goes to the phishers' site. Many desktop email clients and web browsers will show a link's target URL in the status bar while hovering the mouse over it. This behavior, however, may in some circumstances be overridden by the phisher.[37] Equivalent mobile apps generally do not have this preview feature.[citation needed]

Internationalized domain names (IDNs) can be exploited via IDN spoofing[38] or homograph attacks,[39] to create web addresses visually identical to a legitimate site, that lead instead to malicious version. Phishers have taken advantage of a similar risk, using open URL redirectors on the websites of trusted organizations to disguise malicious URLs with a trusted domain.[40][41][42] Even digital certificates do not solve this problem because it is quite possible for a phisher to purchase a valid certificate and subsequently change content to spoof a genuine website, or, to host the phish site without SSL at all.[43]

Filter evasion[edit]

Phishers have sometimes used images instead of text to make it harder for anti-phishing filters to detect the text commonly used in phishing emails.[44] In response, more sophisticated anti-phishing filters are able to recover hidden text in images using optical character recognition (OCR).[45]

Social engineering[edit]

Most types of phishing involve some kind of social engineering, in which users are psychologically manipulated into performing an action such as clicking a link, opening an attachment, or divulging confidential information. In addition to the obvious impersonation of a trusted entity, most phishing involves the creation of a sense of urgency - attackers claim that accounts will be shut down or seized unless the victim takes an action.[46] This occurs most often with victims bank or insurance accounts.[47]

An alternative technique to impersonation-based phishing is the use of fake news articles designed to provoke outrage, causing the victim to click a link without properly considering where it could lead. These links are designed to take you to a professional looking website that looks exactly like the legitimate organization's website.[48] Once on the attacker's website, victims can be presented with imitation "virus" notifications or redirected to pages that attempt to exploit web browser vulnerabilities to install malware.[49]

History[edit]

1980s[edit]

A phishing technique was described in detail in a paper and presentation delivered to the 1987 International HP Users Group, Interex.[50]

1990s[edit]

The term "phishing" is said to have been coined by the well known spammer and hacker in the mid-90s, Khan C. Smith.[51] The first recorded mention of the term is found in the hacking tool AOHell (according to its creator), which included a function for attempting to steal the passwords or financial details of America Online users.[52][53]

Early AOL phishing[edit]

Phishing on AOL was closely associated with the warez community that exchanged unlicensed software and the black hat hacking scene that perpetrated credit card fraud and other online crimes. AOL enforcement would detect words used in AOL chat rooms to suspend the accounts of individuals involved in counterfeiting software and trading stolen accounts. The term was used because "<><" is the single most common tag of HTML that was found in all chat transcripts naturally, and as such could not be detected or filtered by AOL staff. The symbol <>< was replaced for any wording that referred to stolen credit cards, accounts, or illegal activity. Since the symbol looked like a fish, and due to the popularity of phreaking it was adapted as "Phishing". AOHell, released in early 1995, was a program designed to hack AOL users by allowing the attacker to pose as an AOL staff member, and send an instant message to a potential victim, asking him to reveal his password.[54] In order to lure the victim into giving up sensitive information, the message might include imperatives such as "verify your account" or "confirm billing information".[citation needed]

Once the victim had revealed the password, the attacker could access and use the victim's account for fraudulent purposes. Both phishing and warezing on AOL generally required custom-written programs, such as AOHell. Phishing became so prevalent on AOL that they added a line on all instant messages stating: "no one working at AOL will ask for your password or billing information". A user using both an AIM account and an AOL account from an ISP simultaneously could phish AOL members with relative impunity as internet AIM accounts could be used by non-AOL internet members and could not be actioned (i.e., reported to AOL TOS department myprovident com sign in disciplinary action).[55][tone]. In late 1995, AOL crackers resorted to phishing for legitimate accounts after AOL brought in measures in late 1995 to prevent using fake, algorithmically generated credit card numbers to open accounts.[56] Eventually, AOL's policy enforcement forced copyright infringement off AOL servers, and AOL promptly deactivates accounts involved in phishing, often before the victims could respond. The shutting down of the warez scene on AOL caused most phishers to leave the fake malaysia phone number for verification first known phishing attack against a retail bank was reported by The Banker in September 2003.[59]

  • 2004
    • It is estimated that between May 2004 and May 2005, approximately 1.2 million computer users in the United States suffered losses caused by phishing, totaling approximately US$929 million. United States businesses lose an estimated US$2 billion per year as their clients become victims.[60]
    • Phishing is recognized as a fully organized part of the black market. Specializations emerged on a global scale that provided phishing software for payment (thereby outsourcing risk), which were assembled and implemented into phishing campaigns by organized gangs.[61][62]
  • 2005
    • In the United Kingdom losses from web banking fraud—mostly from phishing—almost doubled to GB£23.2m in 2005, from GB£12.2m in 2004,[63] while 1 in 20 computer users claimed to have lost out to phishing in 2005.[64]
  • 2006
    • Almost half of phishing thefts in 2006 were committed by groups operating through the Russian Business Network based in St. Petersburg.[65]
    • Banks dispute with customers over phishing losses. The stance adopted by the UK banking body APACS is that "customers must also take sensible precautions . so that they are not vulnerable to the criminal."[66] Similarly, when the first spate of phishing attacks hit the Irish Republic's banking sector in September 2006, the Bank of Ireland initially refused to cover losses suffered by its customers,[67] although losses to the tune of €113,000 were made good.[68]
    • Phishers are targeting the customers of banks and online payment services. Emails, supposedly from the Internal Revenue Service, have been used to glean sensitive data from U.S. taxpayers.[69] While the first such examples were sent indiscriminately in the expectation that some would be received by customers of a given bank or service, recent research has shown that phishers may in principle be able to determine which banks potential victims use, and target bogus emails accordingly.[70]
    • Social networking sites are a prime target of phishing, since the personal details in such sites can be used in identity theft;[71] in late 2006 a computer worm took over pages on MySpace and altered links to direct surfers to websites designed to steal login details.[72]
  • 2007
    • 3.6 million adults lost US$3.2 billion in the 12 months ending in August 2007.[73] Microsoft claims these estimates are grossly exaggerated and puts the annual phishing loss in the US at US$60 million.[74]
    • Attackers who broke into TD Ameritrade's database and took 6.3 million email addresses (though they were not able to obtain social security numbers, account numbers, names, addresses, dates of birth, phone numbers and trading activity) also wanted the account usernames and passwords, so they launched a follow-up spear phishing attack.[75]
  • 2008
    • The RapidShare file sharing site has been targeted by phishing to obtain a premium account, which removes speed caps on downloads, auto-removal of uploads, waits on downloads, and cool down times between uploads.[76]
    • Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin facilitate the sale of malicious software, making transactions secure and anonymous.[citation needed]
  • 2009
    • In January 2009, a phishing attack resulted in unauthorized wire transfers of US$1.9 million through Experi-Metal's online banking accounts.
    • In the third quarter of 2009, the Anti-Phishing Working Group reported receiving 115,370 phishing email reports from consumers with US and China hosting more than 25% of the phishing pages each.[77]
  • 2010s[edit]

    Year Campaigns
    2005
    2006
    2007
    2008
    2009
    2010
    2011
    2012
    2013
    2014
    2015
    • 2011
      • In March 2011, Internal RSA staff were successfully phished,[79] leading to the master keys for all RSA SecureID security tokens being stolen, then subsequently used to break into US defense suppliers.[80]
      • Chinese phishing campaigns targeted Gmail accounts of highly ranked officials of the United States and South Korean governments and militaries, as well as Chinese political activists.[81][82]
    • 2012
      • According to Ghosh, there were "445,004 attacks in 2012 as compared to 258,461 in 2011 and 187,203 in 2010”.
    • 2013
      • In August 2013, advertising service Outbrain suffered a spear-phishing attack and SEA placed redirects into the websites of The Washington Post, Time, and CNN.[83]
      • In October 2013, emails purporting to be from American Express were sent to an unknown number of recipients.[84]
      • In November 2013, 110 million customer and credit card records were stolen from Target customers, through a phished subcontractor account.[85] CEO and IT security staff subsequently fired.[86]
      • By December 2013, Cryptolocker ransomware had infected 250,000 computers. According to Dell SecureWorks, 0.4% or more of those infected likely agreed to the ransom demand.[87]
    • 2014
    • 2015
    • 2016
    • In February, Austrian aerospace firm FACC AG was defrauded of 42 million euros ($47 million) through a BEC attack - and subsequently fired both the CFO and CEO.[105]
    • 2017
      • In 2017, 76% of organizations experienced phishing attacks. Nearly half of information security professionals surveyed said that the rate of attacks increased from 2016.
      • In the first half of 2017 businesses and residents of Qatar were hit with more than 93,570 phishing events in a three-month span.[119]
      • A phishing email to Google and Facebook users successfully induced employees into wiring money – to the extent of US$100 million – to overseas bank accounts under the how to protest property taxes online in tarrant county of a hacker. He has since been arrested by the US Department of Justice.[120]
      • In August 2017, customers of Amazon faced the Amazon Prime Day phishing attack, when hackers sent out seemingly legitimate deals to customers of Amazon. When Amazon's customers attempted to make purchases using the "deals", the transaction would not be completed, prompting the retailer's customers to input data that could be compromised and stolen.[121]
    • 2018
      • In 2018, the company block.one, which developed the EOS.IO blockchain, was attacked by a phishing group who sent phishing emails to all customers, aimed at intercepting the user's cryptocurrency wallet key; and a later attack targeted airdrop tokens.[122]

    2020s[edit]

    • 2020
      • On July 15, 2020, Twitter suffered a breach that combined pnc temporary debit card of Social engineering (security) and phishing. A 17-year old hacker and accomplices setup a fake website resembling Twitter's internal VPN provider used by employees working from home. Individuals posing as helpdesk staff called multiple Twitter employees, directing them to submit their credentials to the fake VPN website. [123] Using the details supplied by the unknowing employees, they were then able to seize control of several high profile user accounts, including Barack Obama, Elon Musk, Joe Biden and Apple Inc.'s company account. The hackers sent messages to Twitter followers soliciting Bitcoin promising double the transaction value in return, collecting some $117,000 in the first 3 hours of the ruse.[citation needed]
    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
    2005 12,845 13,468 12,883 14,411 14,987 15,050 14,135 13,776 13,562 15,820 16,882 15,244 173,063
    2006 17,877 17,163 18,480 17,490 20,109 28,571 23,670 26,150 22,136 26,877 25,816 23,787 268,126
    2007 29,930 23,610 24,853 23,656 23,415 28,888 23,917 25,624 38,514 31,650 28,074 25,683 327,814
    2008 29,284 30,716 25,630 24,924 23,762 28,151 24,007 33,928 33,261 34,758 24,357 23,187 335,965
    2009 34,588 31,298 30,125 35,287 37,165 35,918 34,683 40,621 40,066 33,254 30,490 28,897 412,392
    2010 29,499 26,909 30,577 24,664 26,781 33,617 26,353 25,273 22,188 23,619 23,017 21,020 313,517
    2011 23,535 25,018 26,402 20,908 22,195 22,273 24,129 23,327 18,388 19,606 25,685 32,979 284,445
    2012 25,444 30,237 29,762 25,850 33,464 24,811 30,955 21,751 21,684 23,365 24,563 28,195 320,081
    2013 28,850 25,385 19,892 20,086 18,297 38,100 61,453 61,792 56,767 55,241 53,047 52,489 491,399
    2014 53,984 56,883 60,925 57,733 60,809 53,259 55,282 54,390 53,661 68,270 66,217 62,765 704,178
    2015 49,608 55,795 115,808 142,099 149,616 125,757 142,155 146,439 106,421 194,499 105,233 80,548 1,413,978
    2016 99,384 229,315 229,265 121,028 96,490 98,006 93,160 66,166 69,925 51,153 64,324 95,555 1,313,771
    2017 96,148 100,932 121,860 87,453 93,285 92,657 99,024 99,172 98,012 61,322 86,547 85,744 1,122,156
    2018 89,250 89,010 84,444 91,054 82,547 90,882 93,078 89,323 88,156 87,619 64,905 87,386 1,040,654
    2019 34,630 35,364 42,399 37,054 40,177 34,932 35,530 40,457 42,273 45,057 42,424 45,072 475,369

    "APWG Phishing Attack Trends Reports". Retrieved May 5, 2019.

    Anti-phishing[edit]

    There are anti-phishing websites which publish exact messages that have been recently circulating the internet, such as FraudWatch International and Millersmiles. Such sites often provide specific details about the particular messages.[124][125]

    As recently as 2007, the adoption of anti-phishing strategies by businesses needing to protect personal and financial information was low.[126] Now there are several different techniques to combat phishing, including legislation and technology created specifically to protect against phishing. These techniques include steps that can be taken by individuals, as well as by organizations. Phone, web site, and email phishing can now be reported to authorities, as described below.

    User training[edit]

    Frame of an animation by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission intended to educate citizens about phishing tactics.

    People can be trained to recognize phishing attempts, and to deal with them through a variety of approaches. Such education can be effective, especially where training emphasizes conceptual knowledge[127] and provides direct feedback.[128][129] Therefore, an essential part of any organization or institutions anti-phishing strategy is to actively educate its users so that they can identify phishing scams without hesitation and act accordingly.[130] Although there is currently a lack of data and recorded history that shows educational guidance and other information-based interventions successfully reduce susceptibility to phishing, large amounts of information regarding the phishing threat are available on the Internet.[47]

    Many organizations run regular simulated phishing campaigns targeting their staff to measure the effectiveness of their training. For example, this often occurs in the healthcare industry due to the fact that healthcare data has significant value as a potential target for hackers. In a recent study done by the National Library of Medicine an assessment was performed as part of cybersecurity activity during a designated test period using multiple credential harvesting approaches through staff email. During the 1-month testing period, the organization received 858 200 emails: 139 400 (16%) marketing, 18 871 (2%) identified as potential threats. This is just one example of the many steps being taken to combat phishing within healthcare.[131]

    People can take steps to avoid phishing attempts by slightly modifying their browsing habits.[132] When contacted about an account needing to be "verified" (or any other topic used by phishers), it is a sensible precaution to contact the company from which the email apparently originates to check that the email is legitimate. Alternatively, the address that the individual knows is the company's genuine website can be typed into the address bar of the browser, rather than trusting any hyperlinks in the suspected phishing message.[133]

    Nearly all legitimate e-mail messages from companies to their customers contain an item of information that is not readily available to phishers. Some companies, for example PayPal, always address their customers by their username in emails, so if an email addresses the recipient in a generic fashion ("Dear PayPal customer") it is likely to be an attempt at phishing.[134] Furthermore, PayPal offers various methods to determine spoof emails and advises users to forward suspicious emails to their [email protected] domain to investigate and warn other customers. However it is unsafe to assume that the presence of personal information alone guarantees that a message is legitimate,[135] and some studies have shown that the presence of personal information does not significantly affect the success rate of phishing attacks;[136] which suggests that most people do not pay attention to such details.

    Emails from banks and credit card companies often include partial account numbers. However, recent research[137] has shown that the public do not typically distinguish between the first few digits and the last few digits of an account number—a significant problem since the first few digits are often the same for all clients of a financial institution.

    The Anti-Phishing Working Group, who's one of the largest anti-phishing organizations in the world, produces regular report on trends in phishing attacks.[138]

    Google posted a video demonstrating how to identify and protect yourself from Phishing scams.[139]

    Technical approaches[edit]

    A wide range of technical approaches are available to prevent phishing attacks reaching users or to prevent them from successfully capturing sensitive information.

    Filtering out phishing mail[edit]

    Specialized spam filters can reduce the number of phishing emails that reach their addressees' inboxes. These filters use a number of techniques including machine learning[140] and natural language processing approaches to classify phishing emails,[141][142] and reject email with forged addresses.[143]

    Browsers alerting users to fraudulent websites[edit]

    Screenshot of Firefox 2.0.0.1 Phishing suspicious site warning

    Another popular approach to fighting phishing is to maintain a list of known phishing sites and to check websites against the list. One such service is the Safe Browsing service.[144] Web browsers such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer 7, Mozilla Firefox 2.0, Safari 3.2, and Opera all contain this type of anti-phishing fake malaysia phone number for verification 2 used Google anti-phishing software. Opera 9.1 uses live blacklists from Phishtank, cyscon and GeoTrust, as well as live whitelists from GeoTrust. Some implementations of this approach send the visited URLs to a central service to be checked, which has raised concerns about privacy.[150] According to a report by Mozilla in late 2006, Firefox 2 was found to be more effective than Internet Explorer 7 at detecting fraudulent sites in a study by an independent software testing company.[151]

    An approach introduced in mid-2006 involves switching to a special DNS service that filters out known phishing domains: this will work with any browser,[152] and is similar in principle to using a hosts file to block web adverts.

    To mitigate the problem of phishing sites impersonating a victim site by embedding its images (such as logos), several site owners have altered the images to send a message to the visitor that a site may be fraudulent. The image may be moved to a new filename and the original permanently replaced, or a server can detect that the image was not requested as part of normal browsing, and instead send a warning image.[153][154]

    Augmenting password logins[edit]

    The Bank of America website[155][156] is one of several that asks users to select a personal image (marketed as SiteKey) and displays this user-selected image with any forms that request a password. Users of the bank's online services are instructed to enter a password only when they see the image they selected. However, several studies suggest that few users refrain from entering their passwords when images are absent.[157][158] In addition, this feature (like other forms of two-factor authentication) is susceptible to other attacks, such as those suffered by Scandinavian bank Nordea in late 2005,[159] and Citibank in 2006.[160]

    A similar system, in which an automatically generated "Identity Cue" consisting of a colored word within a colored box is displayed to each website user, is in use at other financial institutions.[161]

    Security skins[162][163] are a related technique that involves overlaying a user-selected image onto the login form as a visual cue that the form is legitimate. Unlike the website-based image schemes, however, the image itself is shared only between fake malaysia phone number for verification user and the browser, and not between the user and the website. The scheme also relies on a mutual authentication protocol, which makes it less vulnerable to attacks that affect user-only authentication schemes.

    Still another technique relies on a dynamic grid of images that is different for each login attempt. The user must identify the pictures that fit their pre-chosen categories (such as dogs, cars and flowers). Only after they have correctly identified the pictures that fit their categories are they allowed to enter their alphanumeric password to complete the login. Unlike the static images used on the Bank of America website, a dynamic image-based authentication method creates a one-time passcode for the login, requires active participation from the user, and is very difficult for a phishing website to correctly replicate because it would need to display a different grid of randomly generated images that includes the user's secret categories.[164]

    Monitoring and takedown[edit]

    Several companies offer banks and other organizations likely to suffer from phishing scams round-the-clock services to monitor, analyze and assist in shutting down phishing websites.[165] Automated detection of phishing content is still below accepted levels for direct action, with content-based analysis reaching between 80 and 90% of success[166] so most of the tools include manual steps to certify the detection and authorize the response.[167] Individuals can contribute by reporting phishing to both volunteer and industry groups,[168] such as cyscon or PhishTank.[169] Phishing web pages and emails can be reported to Google.[170][171]

    Transaction verification and signing[edit]

    Solutions have also emerged using the mobile phone[172] (smartphone) as a second channel for verification and authorization of banking transactions.

    Multi-factor authentication[edit]

    Organizations can implement two factor or multi-factor authentication (MFA), which requires a user to use at least 2 factors when logging in. (For example, a user must both present a smart card and a password). This mitigates some risk, in the event of a successful phishing attack, the stolen password on its own cannot be reused to further breach the protected system. However, there are several attack methods which can defeat many of the typical systems.[173] MFA schemes such as WebAuthn address this issue by design.

    Email content redaction[edit]

    Organizations that prioritize security over convenience can require users of its computers to use an email client that redacts URLs from email messages, thus making it impossible for the reader of the email to click on a link, or even copy a URL. While this may result in an inconvenience, it does almost completely eliminate email phishing attacks.

    Limitations of technical responses[edit]

    An article in Forbes in August 2014 argues that the reason phishing problems persist even after a decade of anti-phishing technologies being pnc 24 hour customer service is that phishing is "a technological medium to exploit human weaknesses" and that technology cannot fully compensate for human weaknesses.[174]

    Legal responses[edit]

    On January 26, 2004, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission filed the first lawsuit against a suspected phisher. The defendant, a Californian teenager, allegedly created a webpage designed to look like the America Online website, and used it to steal credit card information.[175] Other countries have followed this lead by tracing and arresting phishers. A phishing kingpin, Valdir Paulo de Almeida, was arrested in Brazil for leading one of the largest phishing crime rings, which in two years stole between US$18 million and US$37 million.[176] UK authorities jailed two men in June 2005 for their role in a phishing scam,[177] in a case connected to the U.S. Secret Service Operation Firewall, which targeted notorious "carder" websites.[178] In 2006 eight people were arrested by Japanese police on suspicion of fake malaysia phone number for verification fraud by creating bogus Yahoo Japan Web sites, netting themselves ¥100 million (US$870,000).[179] The arrests continued in 2006 with the FBI Operation Cardkeeper detaining a gang of sixteen in the U.S. and Europe.[180]

    In the United States, SenatorPatrick Leahy introduced the Anti-Phishing Act of 2005 in Congress on March 1, 2005. This bill, if it had been enacted into law, would have subjected criminals who created fake web sites and sent bogus emails in order to defraud consumers to fines of up to US$250,000 and prison terms of up to five years.[181] The UK strengthened its legal arsenal against phishing with the Fraud Act 2006,[182] which introduces a general offence of fraud that can carry up to a ten-year prison sentence, and prohibits the development or possession of phishing kits with intent to commit fraud.[183]

    Companies have also joined the effort to crack down on phishing. On March 31, 2005, Microsoft filed 117 federal lawsuits in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington. The lawsuits accuse "John Doe" defendants of obtaining passwords and confidential information. March 2005 also saw a partnership between Microsoft and the Australian government teaching law enforcement officials how to combat various cyber crimes, including phishing.[184] Microsoft announced a planned further 100 lawsuits outside the U.S. in March 2006,[185] followed by the commencement, as of November 2006, of 129 lawsuits mixing criminal and civil actions.[186]AOL reinforced its efforts against phishing[187] in early 2006 with three lawsuits[188] seeking a total of US$18 million under the 2005 amendments to the Virginia Computer Crimes Act,[189][190] and Earthlink has joined in by helping to identify six men subsequently charged with phishing fraud in Connecticut.[191]

    In January 2007, Jeffrey Brett Goodin of California became the first defendant convicted by a jury under the provisions of the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003. He was found guilty of sending thousands of emails to America Online users, while posing as AOL's billing department, which prompted customers to submit personal and credit card information. Facing a possible 101 years in prison for the CAN-SPAM violation and ten other counts including wire fraud, the unauthorized use of credit cards, and the misuse of AOL's trademark, he was sentenced to serve 70 months. Goodin had been in custody since failing to appear for an earlier court hearing and began serving his prison term immediately.[192][193][194][195]

    See also[edit]

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    29. ^"Phishing, Smishing, and Vishing: What's the Difference?"(PDF). belvoircreditunion.org. August 1, 2008. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2015-04-01.
    30. ^Vishing and smishing: The rise of social engineering fraudArchived 2021-03-21 at the Wayback Machine, BBC, Marie Keyworth, 2016-01-01
    31. ^"SMS phishing article at ConsumerAffairs.com". 8 November 2006. Archived from the original on 2021-03-21. Retrieved 2020-07-29.
    32. ^Mishra, Sandhya; Soni, Devpriya (August 2019). "SMS Phishing and Mitigation Approaches". 2019 Twelfth International Conference on Contemporary Computing (IC3). IEEE: 1–5. doi:10.1109/ic3.2019.8844920. ISBN . S2CID 202700726.
    33. ^"What fake malaysia phone number for verification Smishing?". Symantec Corporation. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
    34. ^Newman, Lily Hay. "Tricky Scam Plants Phishing Links in Your Google Calendar". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2021-11-11.
    35. ^By (2019-08-27). "Scammers are targeting your calendar—here's how to stop them". Popular Science. Retrieved 2021-11-11.
    36. ^"Get smart on Phishing! Learn to read links!". Archived from the original on December 11, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
    37. ^Cimpanu, Catalin (June 15, 2016). "Hidden JavaScript Redirect Makes Phishing Pages Harder to Detect". Softpedia News Center. Softpedia. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
    38. ^Johanson, Eric. "The State of Homograph Attacks Rev1.1". The Shmoo Group. Archived from the original on August 23, 2005. Retrieved August 11, 2005.
    39. ^Evgeniy Gabrilovich & Alex Gontmakher (February 2002). "The Homograph Attack"(PDF). Communications of the ACM. is cvs in target open today (2): 128. doi:10.1145/503124.503156. S2CID 73840.
    40. ^Leyden, John thank you for your order zyia 15, 2006). "Barclays scripting SNAFU exploited by phishers". The Register. Archived from the original on June 13, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
    41. ^Levine, Jason. "Goin' phishing with eBay". Q Daily News. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved December 14, 2006.
    42. ^Leyden, John (December 12, 2007). "Cybercrooks lurk in shadows of big-name websites". The Register. Archived from the original on June 23, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
    43. ^"Black Hat DC 2009". May 15, 2011. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
    44. ^Mutton, Paul. "Fraudsters seek to make phishing sites undetectable by content filters". Netcraft. Archived from the original on January 31, 2011.
    45. ^"The use of Optical Character Recognition OCR software in spam filtering". PowerShow. Archived from the original on 2021-03-21. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
    46. ^Cui, Xinyue; Ge, Yan; Qu, Weina; Zhang, Kan (2020). "Effects of Recipient Information and Urgency Cues on Phishing Detection". HCI International 2020 - Posters. Communications in Computer and Information Science. 1226: 520–525. fake malaysia phone number for verification. ISBN . S2CID 220523895.
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    Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phishing

    Malaysia Fake SMS Generator - try SMSCodes.io today for FREE!

    Are you searching for Fake SMS Generator for Malaysia?

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    Check IMEI Number to get to know
    YOUR PHONE BETTER

    IMEI Number - what can I check by imei number?

    By using this unique IMEI Number you may get to know such data as: the network and country from which your device originally comes from, warranty informationdate of purchase,carrier information, system version,device specification and more details information. When it is recommended to check the IMEI Information? You should use IMEI checker before buying used or new device. As a result, you will see if the device is valid and original. What’s more, you can also check if the specification is consistent with the selling offer. We also encourage you to use the IMEI Information just to know your phone better and read important information about the device. The IMEI.info offers also some advanced services (it is available for some manufacturers) for example: Find My iPhone Status, iCloud Status, Blacklist Status, Seller Information, Network & Simlock checks, Phone Blacklist, Carrier Check, Unlocking Simlock, Warranty Checks. Let's check IMEI and make sure that your phone is unlocked.

    Источник: https://www.imei.info/

    How to Get a Temporary Cell Phone Number

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    Источник: https://www.wikihow.com/Get-a-Temporary-Cell-Phone-Number

    Get Malaysia Disposable Numbers

    If you’re from Malaysia and wondering what would be an upside to having a virtual temporary phone number, you’ve come to the right place. Being in possession of a virtual number comes with plethora of convenient and valuable features, where the limit is only your need to communicate.

    Namely, these numbers, in Malaysia allow you to send and receive Disposable and mails regardless of your location on the planet, meaning that you could be traveling and still communicate with all your clients thus eliminate any chance of missing important information or data that you would if you opt not to use our services.

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    How to get Disposable numbers for MY

    Register online or log in to your personal account if you have already registered —- Top up your balance on the cost of connecting the number and the amount of subscribers fees for 1 month —- Choose the type of number (SMS) —- Choose a country (Malaysia) —- Choose a city or operator code —- Set up forwarding for receiving calls (phone number or SIP) —- Check your details and complete the order.

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    What else SMS services do we offer?

    In addition to Malaysia SMS number, Hottelecom offers many other telephony products and services. Hottelecom is a complete tool to organize the entire process of communication within your office without the need to connect and purchase additional cumbersome physical equipment. All transactions take place in the cloud online.

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    Disposable numbers in other countries

    What benefits do you get with Malaysia SMS numbers?

    By connecting the Malaysia number you get not only a virtual phone number, but also useful additional services:

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    Contact us at any of our contact numbers (or online chat) to ask any questions you may have about our service or for a Hottelecom expert to help you set up a new SMS phone number in MY (or any other country). Our support team is always happy to help you find and connect exactly the services you need.

    Buying Hottelecom landline numbers is a great way to get in touch with people looking for companies in their area. They are home remedies for nipple yeast infection very useful for market research or advertising campaigns. Incoming messages to this number you can receive directly to your e-mail, which will help to effectively organize their processing and analysis if necessary.

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    Источник: https://hottelecom.biz/disposable-sms-number-of-malaysia.html

    How to register for the WhatsApp Business app

    Requirements

    • You can only register a mobile phone or a landline (fixed) number that you own.
    • You must be able to receive phone calls or SMS with the phone number you're trying to register.
    • You must have all call-blocking settings, apps, and task-killers disabled.
    • If you're registering through your mobile phone, you must have a working internet connection through mobile data or Wi-Fi. If you're roaming or have a bad connection, registration may not work. Try opening https://www.whatsapp.com/business/ on your mobile phone’s internet browser to see if you're connected to the internet.
    • If you're registering through a landline, tap Call me to request a phone call to receive your registration code.

    How to register

    1. Enter your phone number:
      • Choose your country from the drop-down list. This will automatically fill in your country code in the box on the left.
      • Enter your phone number in the box on the right. Don't put a 0 before your phone number.
    2. Tap Next to receive a registration code. If prompted, you can also tap Call me to receive the code through a phone call.
    3. Enter the 6-digit registration code you receive via SMS or phone call.

      • Note: If you have iCloud Keychain enabled and have registered this number before, you may be automatically registered without receiving a new SMS code.

    Using extension numbers for landline

    Landline extension numbers can't be used to complete the registration process. Please use a landline number without an extension to register your phone number. For security purposes, we can only send the six-digit registration code to the landline number that you intend to use for your business account.

    If you don't receive the six-digit code through SMS

    • Wait for the progress bar to finish and retry. The wait time may take up to 10 minutes.
    • Don't guess the code or you'll be locked out for a period of time.
    • If the timer runs out before you receive the registration code, an option will appear to request a phone call. Choose the Call me option to request the call. When you answer the call, an automated voice will tell you the six-digit registration code. Enter this code into the WhatsApp Business app.

      • Note: Depending on your carrier, you may receive charges for SMS and phone calls.

    Troubleshooting steps

    If you're having issues registering, try the following:

    1. Turn your phone off, wait 30 seconds, and turn it back on.
    2. Delete and reinstall the latest version of WhatsApp Business here.
    3. Check your reception by sending a test SMS message from any mobile phone to the mobile phone number you're trying to register. Enter the mobile phone number exactly as you entered it in the WhatsApp Business app, including the country code.

      • Note: We can't send your verification code through other methods due to security reasons.
    Источник: https://faq.whatsapp.com/general/verification/how-to-verify-your-whatsapp-business-number/?lang=en

    Comments

    1. رماده خلب من قبل لا ٥٤٨٥كتَامان في هذه الحياة الدنيا وفي الآخرة حسنة وقنا من خلال هذه ٣ من كل شي في الحياة ٧ من ٥ صباح الخير يا حلوين من خلال هذه الفترة المقبلة من خلال الرابط التالي

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